66th Corps (German Empire)

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66th Corps
(Generalkommando zbV 66)
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
Active 9 May 1917-1919
Country  German Empire
Branch Army
Engagements World War I
Disbanded 1919

The 66th Corps (German: Generalkommando zbV 66) was a corps formation of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on 9 May 1917 and was still in existence at the end of the war.[1]

Chronicle[edit]

The 66th[2] Corps (z.b.V.)[3] was formed on 9 May 1917.[4] It was formerly known as Gruppe "Nowogrodek", named for the city of Nowogrodek.

With the onset of trench warfare, the German Army recognised that it was no longer possible to maintain the traditional Corps unit, that is, one made up of two divisions. Whereas at some times (and in some places) a Corps of two divisions was sufficient, at other times 5 or 6 divisions were necessary. Therefore, under the Hindenburg regime (from summer 1916), new Corps headquarters were created without organic divisions.[5] These new Corps were designated General Commands for Special Use (German: Generalkommandos zur besonderen Verwendung).

By the end of the war, the Corps was serving on the Western Front as part of 19th Army, Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht von Württemberg with the following composition:[6]

Commanders[edit]

The 66th Corps had the following commanders during its existence:[7][8]

Commander From To
General der Infanterie Ludwig von Held 15 April 1917 3 February 1918
Generalleutnant Adolf von der Esch 3 February 1918 22 September 1918
Generalleutnant Walter von Bergmann 22 September 1918 end of the war

Glossary[edit]

  • Armee-Abteilung or Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.[9]
  • Armee-Gruppe or Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
  • Heeresgruppe or Army Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 89
  2. ^ Note that Corps (z.b.V.) were designated with Arabic, not Roman, numerals.
  3. ^ General Commands for Special Use Generalkommandos zur besonderen Verwendung (Genkdo z.b.V.)
  4. ^ Cron 2002, p. 89
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 87
  6. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
  7. ^ "The Prussian Machine, GenKdo". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "German War History". Retrieved 29 October 2012. 
  9. ^ Cron 2002, p. 84

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.