66th United States Congress

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66th United States Congress
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1919 – March 4, 1921

Senate President: Thomas R. Marshall
Senate Pres. pro tem: Albert B. Cummins
House Speaker: Frederick H. Gillett
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

1st: May 19, 1919 – November 19, 1919
2nd: December 1, 1919 – June 5, 1920
3rd: December 6, 1920 – March 3, 1921
<65th 67th>

The Sixty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, comprising the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1919 to March 4, 1921, during the last two years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.


Major Legislation[edit]

Major events[edit]

A brief special session was called by President Wilson in March 1919, because of a filibuster that had successfully blocked appropriations bills needed to fund day-to-day government operations.[1]

Constitutional amendments[edit]


Party summary[edit]


(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of the previous congress 53 43 96 0
Begin 46 49 95 1
End 50 96 0
Final voting share 47.9% 52.1%
Beginning of the next congress 37 59 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 435



House of Representatives[edit]



Because of the 17th Amendment, from 1914 onward U.S. Senators were elected directly, instead of by state legislatures.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.



House of Representatives[edit]


  1. ^ The official Senate website provides the full story of this filibuster as part of a biography of Charles P. Higgins[1], the Senate Sergeant-at-Arms who was the only Democrat to fill that office in a space of almost forty years.