68th Academy Awards
|68th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 25, 1996|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles, California, US|
|Most awards||Braveheart (5)|
|Most nominations||Braveheart (10)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 39 minutes|
30.48% (Nielsen ratings)
The 68th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 1995 in the United States and took place on March 25, 1996, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Quincy Jones and directed by Jeff Margolis. Actress Whoopi Goldberg hosted the show for the second time, having previously presided over the 66th ceremony in 1994. Three weeks earlier, in a ceremony held at the Regent Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, on March 2, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Richard Dreyfuss.
Braveheart won five awards, including Best Director for Mel Gibson and Best Picture. Other winners included Apollo 13, Pocahontas, Restoration and The Usual Suspects with two awards, and Anne Frank Remembered, Antonia's Line, Babe, A Close Shave, Dead Man Walking, Il Postino: The Postman, Leaving Las Vegas, Lieberman in Love, Mighty Aphrodite, One Survivor Remembers, and Sense and Sensibility with one. The telecast garnered almost 45 million viewers in the United States.
- 1 Winner and nominees
- 2 Presenters and performers
- 3 Ceremony information
- 4 In Memoriam
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 Bibliography
- 8 External links
Winner and nominees
The nominees for the 68th Academy Awards were announced on February 13, 1996, at 5:38 a.m. PST (13:38 UTC) at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Arthur Hiller, president of the Academy, and the music producer Quincy Jones. Braveheart led all nominees with ten nominations; Apollo 13 came in second with nine.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 25, 1996. Braveheart was the ninth film to win Best Picture with no acting nominations. With her Best Supporting Actress win for Mighty Aphrodite, Mira Sorvino became the second consecutive actress to win the aforementioned category for a performance in a film directed by Woody Allen. Best Adapted Screenplay winner Emma Thompson was the first person to win Oscars for both acting and screenwriting. She had previously won Best Actress for her performance in the 1992 film Howards End.
Winners are listed first and indicated with a double-dagger ().
Multiple nominations and awards
The following 19 films received multiple nominations:
The following five films received multiple awards:
Presenters and performers
The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
|Marshak, LesLes Marshak||Announcer for the 68th Annual Academy Awards|
|Brosnan, PiercePierce Brosnan
|Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Wiest, DianneDianne Wiest||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Silverstone, AliciaAlicia Silverstone||Presenter of the award for Best Makeup|
|Irons, JeremyJeremy Irons||Presenter of the film Braveheart on the Best Picture segment|
|Thompson, EmmaEmma Thompson||Presenter of the award for Best Art Direction|
|O'Donnell, ChrisChris O'Donnell||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Moonlight"|
|Williams, RobinRobin Williams||Presenter of the Honorary Award to Chuck Jones and Special Achievement Award to John Lasseter|
|Chan, JackieJackie Chan
|Presenters of the awards for Best Live Action Short Film and Best Animated Short Film|
|Bullock, SandraSandra Bullock||Presenter of the award Best Sound Effects Editing|
|Travolta, JohnJohn Travolta||Presenter of the film Apollo 13 on the Best Picture segment|
|Seagal, StevenSteven Seagal||Presenter of the award Best Sound|
|Landau, MartinMartin Landau||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Carrey, JimJim Carrey||Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Hawn, GoldieGoldie Hawn
|Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Dreyfuss, RichardRichard Dreyfuss||Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
|Ryder, WinonaWinona Ryder||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Dead Man Walking"|
|Smith, WillWill Smith||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Cage, NicolasNicolas Cage
|Presenters of the awards for Best Documentary Short Subject and Best Documentary Feature|
|Lane, NathanNathan Lane||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Colors of the Wind"|
|Gibson, MelMel Gibson||Presenter of the award Best Foreign Language Film|
|Huston, AnjelicaAnjelica Huston||Presenter of the film Sense and Sensibility on the Best Picture segment|
|Spielberg, StevenSteven Spielberg||Presenter of the Honorary Award to Kirk Douglas|
|Jones, QuincyQuincy Jones
|Presenters of the awards for Best Original Musical or Comedy Score and Best Original Dramatic Score|
|Neeson, LiamLiam Neeson||Presenter of the film Il Postino: The Postman on the Best Picture segment|
|Hiller, ArthurArthur Hiller (AMPAS President)||Presenter of the In Memoriam tribute|
|Smits, JimmyJimmy Smits||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?"|
|Sarandon, SusanSusan Sarandon||Presenter of the award for Best Original Screenplay|
|Hopkins, AnthonyAnthony Hopkins||Presenter of the award for Best Adapted Screenplay|
|Reeve, ChristopherChristopher Reeve||Presenter of the montage saluting social issues|
|Bassett, AngelaAngela Bassett
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Song|
|Zemeckis, RobertRobert Zemeckis||Presenter of the award Best Director|
|Kidman, NicoleNicole Kidman||Presenter of the film Babe on the Best Picture segment|
|Hanks, TomTom Hanks||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Lange, JessicaJessica Lange||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Poitier, SidneySidney Poitier||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Tom ScottTom Scott||Musical arranger||Orchestral|
|Estefan, GloriaGloria Estefan||Performer||"Moonlight" from Sabrina|
|Lovett, LyleLyle Lovett
|Performers||"You've Got a Friend in Me" from Toy Story|
|Stomp Stomp||Performers||Best Sound Effects Editing montage|
|Springsteen, BruceBruce Springsteen||Performer||"Dead Man Walking" from Dead Man Walking|
|Glover, SavionSavion Glover||Performer||"Singin' in the Rain" tap-dance tribute to Gene Kelly|
|Williams, VanessaVanessa Williams||Performer||"Colors of the Wind" from Pocahontas|
|Adams, BryanBryan Adams||Performer||"Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?" from Don Juan DeMarco|
|Take 6, Take 6||Performers||Best Original Song medley|
As a result of the negative reception received from David Letterman's stint as host from the preceding year's ceremony, veteran film and television director Gil Cates declined to helm the upcoming festivities. In November 1995, AMPAS recruited music producer and Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award recipient Quincy Jones as producer of the 1996 ceremony. Jones immediately selected actress and comedian Whoopi Goldberg to host the ceremony. In an interview with Los Angeles Times writer Susan King, Jones explained the decision to hire Goldberg saying, "She has all the qualifications to move on a dime, to carry the elegance and the dignity of the show and is very funny. She understands the street. She has everything."
One segment that was staged during the ceremony was an elaborate fashion show showcasing the nominees for Best Costume Design. Produced by fashion photographer Matthew Rolston, the production featured models such as Cameron Alborzian, Tyson Beckford, Tyra Banks, Marcus Schenkenberg, and Joel West sporting various costumes from the five films nominated in the category. Initially, actor Jack Nicholson was approached to introduce the segment along with models Naomi Campbell and Claudia Schiffer. However, actor Pierce Brosnan accepted the role of presenter of the segment and award after Nicholson declined those respective duties.
Several other people and elements were also involved with the production of the ceremony. Jeff Margolis served as director for the program. Actress and talk show host Oprah Winfrey interviewed several nominees and other attendees during a seven-minute red carpet arrival segment shown at the beginning of the telecast. Musician and saxophonist Tom Scott served as musical director for the ceremony. Choreographer Jamie King supervised the performances of the Best Song nominees and two dance numbers. Babe, the pig from the eponymous film, and Miss Piggy participated in a comedy sketch during the proceedings. Actor Christopher Reeve, who was paralyzed in a horse riding accident nearly a year earlier, made a surprise appearance on the telecast urging filmmakers to make movies that face the world's most important issues head-on.
Division of Best Original Score category
Beginning with this ceremony, the AMPAS music branch divided the category of Best Original Score into two categories: Best Dramatic Score and Best Musical or Comedy Score. This was seen as a response to the dominance of Walt Disney Feature Animation films in the Original Score and Original Song categories in recent years. Four years later, the two scoring categories were merged back into one category.
Box office performance of nominees
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 13, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $333 million, with an average of $66.5 million per film. Apollo 13 was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $172 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Braveheart ($67 million), Babe ($58.2 million), Sense and Sensibility ($24.6 million), and finally Il Postino: The Postman ($10.7 million).
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 47 nominations went to 14 films on the list. Only Toy Story (2nd), Apollo 13 (3rd), Braveheart (23rd), Babe (29th), 12 Monkeys (31st), Casino (38th) and Mr. Holland's Opus (39th) were nominated for directing, acting, screenwriting, or Best Picture. The other box office hits that earned nominations were Batman Forever (1st), Pocahontas (4th), Seven (9th), Crimson Tide (10th), Waterworld (12th), The American President (27th), and Sabrina (34th).
Rainbow Coalition protest
Several days before the ceremony, activist group Rainbow Coalition, led by Reverend Jesse Jackson, planned a protest regarding African Americans and other racial minorities in the film industry. The group was voicing its objections to unflattering portrayals of minorities in film and television and the fact that minorities were underemployed in the entertainment industry. Jackson further pointed out the disparity in racial minorities in Hollywood by noting that Best Live Action Short Film nominee Dianne Houston was the only African American nominated that year. Although the group initially planned to demonstrate outside the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, an agreement between Jackson and producer Jones caused the protest to be moved adjacent to the broadcast facilities of the local ABC affiliate KABC-TV. Nevertheless, Jones remarked that the Academy Awards were not the appropriate venue for such protest declaring "Why should the movie business be different from anything else in America? It's a problem that permeates everything in the country. Every facet of America discriminates."
The show received a positive reception from most media publications. The New York Times film critic Janet Maslin raved, "Mr. Jones pointedly turned this year's ceremony into a showcase for Hollywood's new guard." She also praised host Goldberg's opening monologue, remarking that it "established the sharpness of this year's gag writing." People columnist Janice Min wrote that "the most egregious crime at the 68th Academy Awards on March 25 was–egad!–the relentless elegance and good taste that deprived viewers of genuine, Grade A snicker fodder. Television critic Howard Rosenberg of the Los Angeles Times applauded Goldberg's performance, noting that her "confident performance [...] was symbolic of her whopping improvement as host over her showing on the 1994 Oscars."
Some media outlets were more critical of the show. Chicago Tribune television critic Steve Johnson lamented that Goldberg "settled into bland script reading that made one long for David Letterman's cranky unpredictability in the role last year." He also stated that the "Best Costume Design fashion show" was the silliest opening Oscar production number since Rob Lowe and Snow White sang "Proud Mary" in 1989. Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly bemoaned that the dominance of Best Picture winner Braveheart and the lack of fashion glamour "had the makings of a tiresome evening."
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 44.81 million people over its length, which was a 9% decrease from the previous year's ceremony. The show also garnered lower Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony, with 30.48% of households watching over a 48.88 share. In addition, it also earned a lower 18–49 demo rating with a 18.76 rating over a 35.27 share among viewers in that demographic.
In July 1996, the ceremony presentation received seven nominations at the 48th Primetime Emmys. Two months later, the ceremony won one of those nominations for Greg Brunton's lighting design and direction during the telecast.
- 2nd Screen Actors Guild Awards
- 16th Golden Raspberry Awards
- 38th Grammy Awards
- 48th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 49th British Academy Film Awards
- 50th Tony Awards
- 53rd Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 68th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
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- Champlin, Charles (March 22, 1996). "Countdown to the Oscars : Always a Champion : Despite recent setbacks, Kirk Douglas plans to be there to receive an honorary Oscar for being 'a creative and moral force' in film.". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- "Here's Complete List Of Oscar Nominees". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). February 14, 1996. Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Bona 2002, p. 39
- Pond 2005, p. 100
- Puig, Claudia (November 1, 1995). "An Oscar Duet for Quincy and Whoopi : Television: The noted composer and arranger will produce the 68th annual Academy Awards show, and the actress-comedian will host for a second time.". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 1, 2013.
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- Pond 2005, p. 114
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- Pond 2005, p. 118
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- Pond 2005, p. 127
- Levy 2003, p. 55
- Pond 2005, p. 99
- Pandolfi, Chris (February 21, 2012). "The Academy's Ever-Evolving Best Original Score Category". Yahoo! Voices. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "1995 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- "1995 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
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- Kleid, Beth (March 25, 1996). "Oscar Watch". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- Maslin, Janet (March 27, 1996). "Television Review: Energy, Gallantry, Graphics And Glamour at the Oscars". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Min, Janice (April 8, 1996). "An Affair To Remember". People (Time Warner). Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Rosenberg, Howard (March 26, 1996). "Real Drama? It Didn't Come From Ribbons". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Johnson, Steve (March 26, 1996). "Whoopi Rises Above The Bland, But Not For Long". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 2, 2013.
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- Gorman, Bill (March 8, 2010). "Academy Awards Averages 41.3 Million Viewers; Most Since 2005". TV by the Numbers. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- Johnson, Greg (March 18, 1999). "Call It the Glamour Bowl". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Academy Awards ratings" (PDF). Television Bureau of Advertising. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
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- Rickey, Carey (March 26, 1996). "A `Braveheart' Victory Cage, Sarandon Also Winners". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved October 1, 2013.
- Bona, Damien (2002). Inside Oscar 2. New York, United States: Ballantine Books. ISBN 0-345-44970-3
- Levy, Emanuel (2003). All About Oscar: The History and Politics of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8264-1452-4.
- Pond, Steve (2005). The Big Show: High Times and Dirty Dealings Backstage at the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-21193-3.
- Official websites
- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Video Highlights
- News resources
- Other resources