68th Fighter Squadron

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68th Fighter Squadron
68th Fighter Squadron - General Dynamics F-16C Block 40F Fighting Falcon 89-2068.jpg
68th Fighter Squadron F-16C Fighting Falcon at Moody AFB in July 1995
Active 1941–1971; 1973–2001
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Fighter
Nickname Lightning Lancers
Engagements
  • Asiatic-Pacific Streamer.png
    Asia-Pacific Theater World War II
  • Korean Service Medal - Streamer.png
    Korean War
  • Vietnam Service Streamer.jpg
    Vietnam War
Decorations
  • Streamer PUC Army.PNG
    Distinguished Unit Citation (3x)
  • Streamer PUC Army.PNG
    Presidential Unit Citation (2x)
  • AFOUA with Valor.jpg
    Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device
  • Air Force Outstanding Unit Award Streamer.jpg
    Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (8x)
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines) Streamer.png
    Philippines Presidential Unit Citation
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Joseph Ralston
Insignia
68th Fighter Squadron emblem (approved 29 November 1944)[1] 68th Fighter Squadron.jpg

The 68th Fighter Squadron (68 FS) was one of the longest-serving Fighter Squadrons in U.S. Air Force history, remaining activated almost continually for 60 years. Known as the "Lightning Lancers", on the morning of 27 June 1950 pilots of the 68th Fighter (All Weather) Squadron flying the F-82 Twin Mustang made history by achieving the first aerial kill of the Korean War.

The 68th FS was most recently part of the 347th Wing at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia. It operated F-16 Fighting Falcon aircraft conducting air superiority missions. The squadron was inactivated in 2001.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

Established in early 1941 as part of the United States' defense buildup after the breakout of World War II in Europe. Trained under Third Air Force, then deployed to the Southwest Pacific after the Attack on Pearl Harbor for combat duty with Fifth Air Force. Reassigned to Thirteenth Air Force and provided air defense of Tongatabu from, June–October 1942 with a mixture of P-40s and P-39s. Engaged in Combat in Solomon Islands, 1943-1944 using long-range P-38 Lightnings; moved to Southwest Pacific and flew missions over New Guinea and Dutch East Indies during MacArthur's island hopping campaign; arrived in the Philippines in February 1945 and spent the remainder of the war clearing the Japanese from those islands.

Far East Air Forces[edit]

Reassigned to Japan as part of the Occupation Forces, December 1945 although most personnel had been demobilized and returned to the United States. From 2 November 1945 to 1 October 1946, the 68th was non-operational and became, in name only, part of the large occupational force stationed in Japan. Then, in October 1946, the squadron began search and patrol missions and participated in exercises and maneuvers out of various bases in Japan flying the P-51D Mustang. In February 1947 assumed the air defense mission of Northern Japan with P-61 Black Widow night fighters, personnel and equipment of the inactivating 421st Night Fighter Squadron.[2] It replaced war-weary F-61s in 1949 with new F-82G Twin Mustangs.

68th Fighter All Weather Squadron F-82G Twin Mustang 46-376 based at Itazuke AB, 1950

Hurriedly engaged in combat operations over Korea, June 1950 as the first USAF squadron operational over war zone. Engaged North Korean Air Force aircraft and scored first aerial victories of the conflict. Replaced by F-84 Thunderjets for combat air patrols in July 1950, engaging largely in long-range reconnaissance and weather flights over North Korea, 1950-1951 as F-51D Mustangs used for ground support and jets for air superiority missions, also maintained air defense of Southern Japan. Also engaged in night-interceptor missions over North Korea. Twin Mustangs replaced by jet F-94C Starfire interceptors in 1951 and later to F-86D Sabres in 1954.

The squadron upgraded to and F-102A Delta Daggers in 1959. It began rotational deployments to Osan Air Base, South Korea in 1960, providing air defense over South Korean airspace. In 1963, Headquarters, United States Air Force instituted Project Clearwater. Clearwater was designed to return overseas F-102 squadrons to United States in order to reduce "gold flow" (negative currency exchange). The 68th's planes were withdrawn from Japan and dispersed over Air Defense Command squadrons in the United States and the squadron moved on paper to the US in 1964.[3]

Vietnam War[edit]

68th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron Lockheed F-94B-5-LO 53-5355, Itazuke AB, Japan, 1954

Reassigned to Tactical Air Command, re-equipped with new F-4C Phantom IIs in 1964. Deployed to bases in Thailand in 1964-1965 flying air superiority missions over North and South Vietnam during early stages of the United States' involvement in that conflict. Returned to George Air Force Base and became a replacement training unit for F-4 aircrews from February 1966 to October 1968. The unit became nonoperational for a short time.

Assigned to Florida in 1968 with TAC's control of Homestead Air Force Base, but deployed to South Korea in 1968 in the wake of the Pueblo Crisis. Returned to the United States in late 1969; leaving F-4 Phantoms in South Korea and being re-equipped with F-100 Super Sabres in Louisiana before being reassigned to the Philippines in 1973 as an F-4E squadron at Clark Air Base.

Tactical Fighter Squadron[edit]

Returned again to the United States with TAC's activation at Moody Air Force Base, Georgia in 1975. Flew F-4Es and deployed overseas in February 1985 to Panama to take part in exercise Kindle Liberty. It regularly deploys to Nellis AFB, NV, for intensive Red Flag and Green Flag mock combat exercises, then in 1987 being re-equipped with F-16C/D Falcons. It deployed aircraft and personnel to Saudi Arabia from, 26 June – 22 December 1991.[4]

In 1999 the 68th conducted two deployments to Al Jaber Air Base Kuwait in support of Operation SOUTHERN WATCH. During the two deployments the Lancers flew 460 combat sorties dropping their first bombs in combat since the Vietnam War. The 68th was credited with the destruction of numerous 57 and 100 MM AAA guns, radar/cable relay stations, ammunition storage facilities, and surface to air missile sites. Of particular note; during the first deployment the 68th delivered 14 GBU-12 and 6 GBU-10 laser-guided bombs on Iraqi targets with a perfect 100 percent hit rate for the entire rotation, a US Air Force record.

Inactivated in 2001 as part of realignment at Moody.

Lineage[edit]

68th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron - Emblem
  • Constituted as the 68th Pursuit Squadron (Interceptor) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Re-designated 68th Fighter Squadron on 15 May 1942
Re-designated 68th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 20 August 1943
Re-designated 68th Fighter Squadron, Two Engine on 24 May 1944
Re-designated 68th Fighter Squadron, Single Engine on 8 January 1946
Re-designated 68th Fighter Squadron (All Weather) on 20 February 1947
Re-designated 68th Fighter Squadron, All Weather on 10 August 1948
Re-designated 68th Fighter-All Weather Squadron on 20 January 1950
Re-designated 68th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron on 25 April 1951
Re-designated 68th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 25 July 1964
Inactivated on 30 June 1971
  • Activated on 30 September 1973
Re-designated 68th Fighter Squadron on 1 November 1991
Inactivated on 1 April 2001

Assignments[edit]

Attached to 315th Composite Wing, 10 April 1947 – 24 November 1947
Attached to 8th Fighter-Bomber Group after 1 March 1950
Remained attached to 8th Fighter-Bomber Group until 11 August 1950
Further attached to 347th Provisional Fighter Group (All-Weather), 27 June 1950 – 5 July 1950
Attached to 49th Fighter-Bomber Group, 11 August 1950 – 30 September 1950
Attached to 8th Fighter-Bomber Wing, 1 October 1950 – 1 December 1950
Attached to 6160th Air Base Wing
Remained attached to 6160th Air Base Wing
  • Fifth Air Force, 1 September 1954
Remained attached to 6160th Air Base Wing until 20 October 1954
Attached to 8th Fighter-Bomber Wing, 20 October 1954 – 1 March 1955
Attached to 8th Tactical Fighter Wing after 1 December 1961
  • Fifth Air Force, 1 June 1962
Remained attached to 8th Tactical Fighter Wing to 15 June 1964
Attached to 6234th Tactical Fighter Wing, c. 27 August – 6 December 1965
Attached to 479th Tactical Fighter Wing, 6 December 1965 – 15 May 1968
  • 479th Tactical Fighter Wing, 15 May 1968
  • 4531st Tactical Fighter Wing, 1 October 1968
Attached to: 354th Tactical Fighter Wing, 20 June 1969 – 9 December 1969
Attached to 86th Tactical Fighter Wing, 30 May 1990 – 5 July 1990
  • 347th Operations Group, 1 May 1991 – 30 April 2001.

Stations[edit]

Operated from Kukum Field, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands until December 1943
Operated from Ondonga Airfield, New Georgia, Solomon Islands, 27 January 1954 – 10 February 1944
Operated from Wama Airfield, Morotai, Netherlands East Indies, 12 February 1945 – 25 March 1945
Deployed at Miyazaki Air Base, Japan, 10–24 August 1947
Deployed at Tsuiki Air Base, Japan, 29 May – 9 June 1948
  • Bofu Air Base, Japan, 19 October 1948
  • Ashiya Air Force Base (later Air Base), Japan, 3 May 1949
  • Itazuke Air Base, Japan, 1 April 1950 – 15 June 1964
Detachment operated at Kimpo Air Base (K-14), South Korea, 30 November 1950-c. March 1951 and 27 June 1951 – 24 August 1951
Detachment operated at Suwon Air Base (K-13), South Korea, c. March 1951 - 19 April 1951, 23–27 June 1951 and 24 August 1951 – 23 March 1952
Detachment operated at Taegu Air Base (K-2), South Korea, 19 April 1951 – 23 June 1951
Detachment operated at Misawa Air Base, Japan, 9 April 1951 – 12 February 1952
Deployed at: Osan Air Base, South Korea, 18 July-c. August 1960, 6–16 March 1961, 12–22 June 1961, 10–21 September 1961, and c. 8–18 December 1961
  • George Air Force Base, California, 16 June 1964
Deployed at Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, 27 August – 24 November 1965
Deployed at Ubon Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand, c. 24 November 1965 – 6 December 1965
  • Homestead Air Force Base, Florida, 1 October 1968
Deployed at Kunsan Air Base, South Korea, 20 June 1969 – 9 December 1969
  • England Air Force Base, Louisiana, 30 October 1970 – 30 June 1971
  • Clark Air Base, Philippines, 30 September 1973 – 30 September 1975
  • Moody Air Force Base]], Georgia, 30 September 1975 – 30 April 2001
Deployed at: Ramstein Air Base, West Germany, 30 May 1990 – 5 July 1990

Aircraft[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 254–255. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  2. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 517
  3. ^ McMullen, Richard F. (1964) "The Fighter Interceptor Force 1962-1964" ADC Historical Study No. 27, Air Defense Command, Ent Air Force Base, CO (Confidential, declassified 22 Mar 2000). pp. 59-61
  4. ^ AFHRA 68 FS Page[dead link]

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]