68th Armor Regiment

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68th Armored Regiment
1-68coatofarms.png
Coat of arms
Active 1933 – present
Country USA
Branch Army
Type Armor
Size Regiment
Garrison/HQ Fort Carson
Nickname "Silver Lions"
Motto Ventre a Terre (With Great Speed)
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 68 Arm Rgt DUI.jpg
U.S. Infantry Regiments
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67th Infantry Regiment 69th Infantry Regiment

The 68th Armour Regiment was first activated in 1933 in the Regular Army as the 68th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks).

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted 9 July 1918 in the Regular Army as the 68th Infantry. Assigned to the 9th Infantry Division Organized July 1918 at Camp Sheridan, Alabama. from personnel of the 46th Infantry. relieved from the 9th Division and demobilized 15 February 1919 at Camp Sheridan.)
  • Constituted 1 October 1933 in the Regular Army as the 68th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks), by redesignation of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th Tank Companies as Organic Companies of the 68th Infantry Regiment. See Below.

1st Tank Company[edit]

  • Organized 7 June 1918 in the National Army in France as Company A, 327th Battalion, Tank Corps, American Expeditionary Force.[1]
  • Redesignated 12 September 1918 as Company A, 345th Battalion, Tank Corps.[1]
  • Reorganized and redesignated 8 January 1921 as the 1st Tank Company and allotted to the Regular Army
  • Assigned 1 April 1921 to the 1st Division
  • Relieved 16 October 1939 from assignment to the 1st Division
  • Consolidated 1 January 1940 with Company A, 68th Infantry and consolidated unit designated as Company A, 68th Infantry.
  • Inactivated 5 June 1940 at Fort Benning.
  • Redesignated 15 July 1940 as Company A, 68th Armored Regiment, and assigned to 2nd Armored Division.
  • Activated 1 August 1940 at Fort Benning.
  • See Regiment for further history

2nd Tank Company[edit]

  • Organized 7 June 1918 in the National Army in France as Company C, 327th Battalion, Tank Corps, AEF.[1]
  • Redesignated 12 September 1918 as Company C, 345th Battalion, Tank Corps.[1]
  • Reorganized and redesignated 8 January 1921 as the 2nd Tank Company and allotted to the Regular Army
  • Redesignated 1 January 1940 as Company D, 68th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks).
  • Redesignated 15 July 1940 as Company D, 68th Armored Regiment, and assigned to the 2nd Armored Division.

3rd Tank Company[edit]

  • Organized April 1918 in the National Army at Camp Colt, Pennsylvania as Company A, 328th Battalion, Tank Corps
  • Reorganized and redesignated 8 January 1921 as the 3rd Tank Company, allotted to the Regular Army.
  • Redesignated 1 January 1940 as Company E, 68th Infantry (Light Tanks).
  • Redesignated 15 July 1940 as Company E, 68th Armored Regiment, and assigned to the 2nd Armored Division.

4th Tank Company[edit]

5th and 6th Tank Companies[edit]

  • Organized 17 February 1918 as B Company (Provisional), Tank Service, American Expeditionary Force.[1]
  • Redesignated 16 April 1918 in the National Army at Borg, France as Company B, 1st Tank Center, American Expeditionary Force.[1]
  • Redesignated on 6 June 1918 as Company B, 326th Battalion, Tank Corps.[1]
  • Redesignated 1 September 1918 as Company B, 344th Battalion, Tank Corps.[1]
  • Reorganized and redesignated 8 January 1921 as the 5th Tank Company, allotted to the Regular Army.
  • Consolidated 1 January 1940 with 6th Tank Company, and then reorganized and redesignated as Company C, 68th infantry Regiment
  • Inactivated 5 June 1940 at Fort Benning, Georgia.
  • Redesignated 15 July 1940 as Company C, 68th Armored Regiment, and assigned to 2nd Armored Division.
  • Activated 1 August 1940 at Fort Benning.

7th Tank Company[edit]

  • Organized 7 June 1918 as Company B, 327th Battalion, Tank Corps, American Expeditionary Force.[1]
  • Redesignated 12 September 1918 as Company B, 345th Battalion, Tank Corps.[1]
  • Reorganized and redesignated 8 January 1921 as the 2nd Tank Company, allotted to the Regular Army.
  • Inactivated 6 September 1921 at Camp Meade, Maryland.
  • Redesignated 1 January 1940 as Company F, 68th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks), and activated at Fort Benning, Georgia.
  • Redesignated 15 July 1940 as Company F, 68th Armored Regiment, and assigned to 2nd Armored Division.

Company G, 68th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks)[edit]

  • Constituted 1 October 1933 in the Regular Army as Company G, 68th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks).
  • Redesignated 15 July 1940 as Company G, 68th Armored Regiment, and assigned to 2nd Armored Division.
  • Activated 13 August 1940 at Fort Benning.

Company H, 68th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks)[edit]

  • Constituted 1 October 1933 in the Regular Army as Company G, 68th Infantry Regiment (Light Tanks).
  • Redesignated 15 July 1940 as Company G, 68th Armored Regiment, and assigned to 2nd Armored Division.
  • Activated 13 August 1940 at Fort Benning.

Armored regiment[edit]

  • (1st and 2nd Battalions activated 1 January 1940 at Fort Benning, Georgia, as Infantry Tank Battalions (See Above);
  • 1st Battalion inactivated 5 June 1940 at Fort Benning, Georgia, (See Above).
  • Converted and redesignated 15 July 1940 as the 68th Armored Regiment and assigned to the 2d Armored Division.
  • Regiment (less the 2nd Battalion, which was already active) activated 1 August 1940 at Fort Benning, Georgia.
  • Inactivated 8 January 1942 at Fort Benning, Georgia, and relieved from assignment to the 2d Armored Division
  • Assigned 15 February 1942 to the 6th Armored Division and activated at Fort Knox, Kentucky
  • Moved to Camp Chaffee, Arkansas on 20 March 1942 for divisional training and maneuvers.
  • Moved to Camp Young, California on 12 October 1942 to train at the Desert Training Center.

Triangulation[edit]

  • Regiment broken up 20 September 1943 and its elements reorganized and redesignated as follows:
  1. Regimental Headquarters and Headquarters Company and 2d Battalion as the 68th Tank Battalion and remained assigned to the 6th Armored Division
  2. 1st Battalion as the 773d Tank Battalion and relieved from assignment to the 6th Armored Division
  3. 3d Battalion as the 15th Tank Battalion and remained assigned to the 6th Armored Division
  4. Reconnaissance Company as Troop D, 86th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, and remained an element of the 6th Armored Division
  5. Maintenance and Service Companies, and Band disbanded.

World War II[edit]

Troop D, 86th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron[edit]

15th Tank Battalion[edit]

  • Deployed from the New York Port of Embarkation on 11 February 1944.
  • Arrived in England on 24 February 1944.
  • Further deployed to France on 22 July 1944
  • Located at Jena, Germany on 14 August 1945[2]
  • Returned to the New York Port of Embarkation on 20 February 1946

68th Tank Battalion[edit]

  • Deployed from the New York Port of Embarkation on 11 February 1944.
  • Arrived in England on 24 February 1944.
  • Further deployed to France on 22 July 1944
  • Located at Buttstädt, Germany on 14 August 1945[2]
  • Returned to the Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation on 29 December 1945

773rd Tank Battalion[edit]

  • Battalion did not deploy.

Reconsolidation[edit]

  • After 20 September 1943 the above units underwent changes that resulted in reconsolidation as follows:
  1. 68th Tank Battalion relieved 19 July 1945 from assignment to the 6th Armored Division
    Inactivated 29 December 1945 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia
    Redesignated 21 August 1950 as the 68th Medium Tank Battalion and assigned to the 6th Armored Division
    Activated 5 September 1950 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
    Inactivated 16 March 1956 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
    Relieved 1 July 1957 from assignment to the 6th Armored Division.
  2. 773d Tank Battalion reorganized and redesignated 27 October 1943 as the 773d Amphibian Tank Battalion
    Reorganized and redesignated 10 January 1944 as the 773d Amphibian Tractor Battalion
    Inactivated 15 April 1946 in Japan
    Redesignated 24 December 1946 as the 56th Amphibian Tractor Battalion
    Redesignated 18 April 1949 as the 56th Amphibious Tank and Tractor Battalion
    Activated 10 May 1949 at Fort Worden, Washington
    Inactivated 15 December 1954 at Fort Worden, Washington
  3. 15th Tank Battalion relieved 9 July 1945 from assignment to the 6th Armored Division
    Inactivated 22 February 1946 – 25 February 1946 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.
  4. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 15th Tank Battalion, redesignated 1 August 1946 as 15th Tank Company, and activated at Fort Riley, Kansas
    Inactivated 6 November 1946 at Fort Riley, Kansas
    Activated 1 June 1947 in Italy
    Inactivated 1 December 1949 in Italy
    Redesignated 21 August 1950 as Headquarters, Headquarters and Service Company, 15th Medium Tank Battalion (organic elements of the 15th Tank Battalion redesignated as elements of the 15th Medium Tank Battalion), and assigned to the 6th Armored Division
    Battalion activated 5 September 1950 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
    Inactivated 16 March 1956 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
    Relieved 1 July 1957 from assignment to the 6th Armored Division.
  5. Troop D, 86th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, inactivated 19 September 1945 at Camp Myles Standish, *Massachusetts
    Redesignated 21 August 1950 as Company D, 86th Reconnaissance Battalion, and remained an element of the 6th Armored Division
    Activated 5 September 1950 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
    Inactivated 16 March 1956 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
    Relieved 1 July 1957 from assignment to the 6th Armored Division.
  6. Maintenance and Service Companies, 68th Armored Regiment, reconstituted 1 July 1957 in the Regular Army
  • 68th and 15th Medium Tank Battalions; 56th Amphibious Tank and Tractor Battalion; Company D, 86th Reconnaissance Battalion; and Maintenance and Service Companies, 68th Armored Regiment, consolidated, reorganized, and redesignated 1 July 1957 as the 68th Armor Regiment, a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System

Post World War II[edit]

  • Relieved 1 April 1963 from assignment to the 3d Infantry Division; concurrently redesignated as the 1st Battalion, 68th Armor, and assigned to the 8th Infantry Division.
  • Withdrawn 1 April 1984 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the United States Army Regimental System (USARS)
  • 1st Battalion was inactivated 15 March 1991 in Germany and relieved from assignment to the 8th Infantry Division.
  • 1st Battalion was assigned 16 January 1996 to the 4th Infantry Division and activated at Fort Carson, Colorado
  • 4th Battalion was assigned to the 82nd Airborne Division in from the 1970s and 1980s, when it was reflagged as the 3rd Battalion, 73d Armor.
  • 3rd Battalion was assigned to the 4th Infantry Division at Fort Carson, CO in the 1980s and early 1990s.

Honors[edit]

Campaign participation credit[edit]

  • World War I:
  1. Saint-Mihiel;
  2. Meuse-Argonne
  • World War II:
  1. Normandy;
  2. Northern France;
  3. Rhineland;
  4. Ardennes-Alsace;
  5. Central Europe;
  6. Western Pacific (with arrowhead);
  7. Ryukyu Islands (with arrowhead)
  • Korean War:
  1. Korea, Summer 1953

Decorations[edit]

  1. Presidential Unit Citation (Navy) for SAIPAN AND TINIAN

History of the silver lions[edit]

The 'Silver Lions" of 1st Battalion, 68th Armor Regiment, were the only armor battalion located on Fort Carson, with 48 M1A1 Abrams Main Battle Tanks, 32 Armored Personnel Carriers, Over 50 Tactical Wheeled vehicles, 5 Tracked Maintenance/Recovery vehicles and over 600 personnel. 1–68 Armor had 4 Companies (HHC, A, B, and C), with 14 M1A1 Main Battle Tanks in each Line Company (A, B, and C). To Support the 3 line Companies there was Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC), the largest of the four Companies with over 300 personnel. Located in HHC were platoons of Cavalry Reconnaissance, Mortar, Maintenance, Headquarters, Signal, Supply, Intelligence, Cooks, Chemical, Administration and Medics for the Battalion.

Before the Force 21 Concept, 1st Battalion, 68th Armor had 5 companies (HHC, A, B, C and D). On 13 April 2000, A Company was deactivated, turning all 14 tanks to the Mississippi National Guard. D Company was deactivated on 14 April 2000 and re-flagged as A Company, leaving the battalion with the standard four companies, rather than five.

Current setup of 1–68[edit]

Upon return from deployment to OIF 1, the 4th Infantry Division immediately began reorganization into the "modular brigade" structure of the new U.S. Army. 4th Infantry Division was again deployed to OIF in late 2005, replacing 3rd ID in Baghdad. The 3rd Brigade was attached to the 101st and the 1–68 was sent to Baqubah, Iraq.

After being reorganized under the modular concept, the 1st Battalion, 68th Armor Regiment became known as the 1st Combined Arms Battalion, 68th Armor Regiment. HHC, known as Havoc, with scouts, snipers, mortars, medics and staff positions. Alpha, known as Attack, and Bravo, known as Blackhawk, were designated as infantry companies with M2A3 Bradley fighting vehicles. Charlie company known as Steel, and Delta, known as Destroyer, were set up as tank companies with 14 M1A2 Abrams main battle tanks each. Echo Company, known as Exile company, as an engineering company. Fox company, known as Forerunner, was attached from 64th Brigade Support Battalion to provide mess support, maintenance/recovery, and a supply distribution platoon. The final company is Golf Company, which is the rear-detachment company for the battalion when it is deployed.

The battalion's last Iraq deployment was to Basra, as a part of OIF 10–11.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Part of the World War One Light Tank Brigade established in the American Expeditionary Force Commanded by COL. George S. Patton, Junior.
  2. ^ a b c VJ Day