69 Stations of the Nakasendō

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The 69 Stations of the Nakasendō (中山道六十九次 Nakasendō Rokujūkyū-tsugi?) are the rest areas along the Nakasendō, which ran from Nihonbashi in Edo (modern-day Tokyo) to Sanjō Ōhashi in Kyoto.[1][2] The route stretched approximately 534 km (332 mi) and was an alternate trade route to the Tōkaidō.[1]

Original ishidatami (stone paving) on the Nakasendō

Stations of the Nakasendō[edit]

Nihonbashi's highway distance marker
Hiroshige's print of Annaka-shuku
Eisen's print of Iwamurada-shuku
Hiroshige's print of Seba-juku
Main street through Magome-juku
Kanō Tenman-gū (Kanō-juku)
Marker for Akasaka-juku's honjin
Hiroshige's print of Sanjō Ōhashi

The sixty-nine stations of the Nakasendō, in addition to the starting and ending locations (which are shared with the Tōkaidō), are listed below in order. The stations are divided by their present-day prefecture and include the name of their present-day city/town/village/district.

Tokyo[edit]

Starting Location: Nihonbashi (Chūō-ku)
1. Itabashi-shuku (Itabashi)

Saitama Prefecture[edit]

2. Warabi-shuku (Warabi)
3. Urawa-shuku (Urawa-ku, Saitama)
4. Ōmiya-shuku (Ōmiya-ku, Saitama)
5. Ageo-shuku (Ageo)
6. Okegawa-shuku (Okegawa)
7. Kōnosu-shuku (Kōnosu)
8. Kumagai-shuku (Kumagaya)
9. Fukaya-shuku (Fukaya)
10. Honjō-shuku (Honjō)

Gunma Prefecture[edit]

11. Shinmachi-shuku (Takasaki)
12. Kuragano-shuku (Takasaki) (also part of the Nikkō Reiheishi Kaidō)
13. Takasaki-shuku (Takasaki)
14. Itahana-shuku (Annaka)
15. Annaka-shuku (Annaka)
16. Matsuida-shuku (Annaka)
17. Sakamoto-shuku (Annaka)

Nagano Prefecture[edit]

18. Karuisawa-shuku (Karuizawa, Kitasaku District)
19. Kutsukake-shuku (Karuizawa, Kitasaku District)
20. Oiwake-shuku (Karuizawa, Kitasaku District)
21. Otai-shuku (Miyota, Kitasaku District)
22. Iwamurada-shuku (Saku)
23. Shionada-shuku (Saku)
24. Yawata-shuku (Saku)
25. Mochizuki-shuku (Saku)
26. Ashida-shuku (Tateshina, Kitasaku District)
27. Nagakubo-shuku (Nagawa, Chiisagata District)
28. Wada-shuku (Nagawa, Chiisagata District)
29. Shimosuwa-shuku (Shimosuwa, Suwa District) (also part of the Kōshū Kaidō)
30. Shiojiri-shuku (Shiojiri) (also part of the Shio no Michi)
31. Seba-juku (Shiojiri)
32. Motoyama-juku (Shiojiri)
33. Niekawa-juku (Shiojiri)
34. Narai-juku (Shiojiri)
35. Yabuhara-juku (Kiso (village), Kiso District)
36. Miyanokoshi-juku (Kiso (town), Kiso District)
37. Fukushima-juku (Kiso (town), Kiso District)
38. Agematsu-juku (Agematsu, Kiso District)
39. Suhara-juku (Okuwa, Kiso District)
40. Nojiri-juku (Okuwa, Kiso District)
41. Midono-juku (Nagiso, Kiso District)
42. Tsumago-juku (Nagiso, Kiso District)

Gifu Prefecture[edit]

43. Magome-juku (Nakatsugawa)
44. Ochiai-juku (Nakatsugawa)
45. Nakatsugawa-juku (Nakatsugawa)
46. Ōi-juku (Ena)
47. Ōkute-juku (Mizunami)
48. Hosokute-juku (Mizunami)
49. Mitake-juku (Mitake, Kani District)
50. Fushimi-juku (Mitake, Kani District)
51. Ōta-juku (Minokamo)
52. Unuma-juku (Kakamigahara)
53. Kanō-juku (Gifu)
54. Gōdo-juku (Gifu)
55. Mieji-juku (Mizuho)
56. Akasaka-juku (Ōgaki)
57. Tarui-juku (Tarui, Fuwa District)
58. Sekigahara-juku (Sekigahara, Fuwa District)
59. Imasu-juku (Sekigahara, Fuwa District)

Shiga Prefecture[edit]

60. Kashiwabara-juku (Maibara)
61. Samegai-juku (Maibara)
62. Banba-juku (Maibara)
63. Toriimoto-juku (Hikone)
64. Takamiya-juku (Hikone)
65. Echigawa-juku (Aishō, Echi District)
66. Musa-juku (Ōmihachiman)
67. Moriyama-juku (Moriyama)
68. Kusatsu-juku (Kusatsu) (also part of the Tōkaidō)
69. Ōtsu-juku (Ōtsu) (also part of the Tōkaidō)

Kyoto Prefecture[edit]

Ending Location: Sanjō Ōhashi (Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto)

Ai no Shuku[edit]

Ai no shuku (intermediate area) are intermediate rest areas along Japan's historical routes. Because they are not official post stations, normal travelers were generally not allowed to stay at them. Here are some of the ai no shuku along the Nakasendō:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yama to Keikoku Publishing (2006). Nakasendō o Aruku (Revised ed.). Osaka: Yama to Keikoku Publishing. ISBN 4-635-60037-8.
  2. ^ Nakasendō Jōhō. (Japanese) NEC Corporation. Accessed August 18, 2007.

See also[edit]