69th Punjabis

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69th Punjabis
Active 1759-1922
Country Indian Empire
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Part of Madras Army (to 1895)
Madras Command
Colors Red; faced gosling-green, 1882 dark green, 1891 emerald green
Engagements Carnatic Wars
Second Anglo-Mysore War
Third Anglo-Mysore War
Second Anglo-Burmese War
World War I

The 69th Punjabis were an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army. They could trace their origins to 1759, when they were raised as the 10th Battalion Coast Sepoys.

The regiments first was during the Carnatic Wars, this was followed by service during the Battle of Sholinghur in the Second Anglo-Mysore War and the Third Anglo-Mysore War. They also took part in the annexation of Pegu during the Second Anglo-Burmese War.

The Battalion was awarded the Galley Badge in 1839 for 'readiness always envinced' for proceeding on foreign service which was then considered a taboo in India. The Galley is now the crest of the Indian Punjab Regiment. The Battalion was also given the Battle Cry - Khushki Wuh Tarri which is Persian for 'By Land and Sea'. The Indianised version of this motto 'Sthal Wuh Jal' is now the Battle Cry of the Indian Punjab Regiment.

During World War I they served in the Middle East on the Suez Canal and in the Gallipoli Campaign after which they were sent to the Western Front in 1915.[1]

After World War I the Indian government reformed the army moving from single battalion regiments to multi battalion regiments.[2] In 1922, the 69th Punjabis became the 2nd Battalion, 2nd Punjab Regiment.[3] After independence they were one of the regiments allocated to the Indian Army.[4]

Gen KM Cariappa, OBE, the first Indian Commander in Chief decided that the four senior most Infantry Battalions of the Army should form the Brigade of the Guards and thus 2/2 Punjab was converted to the First Battalion Brigade of the Guards (2 PUNJAB) in 1951. The Battalion has the distinction of being the seniormost Infantry Battalion of the Indian Army.

Predecessor names[edit]

  • 10th Battalion Coast Sepoys - 1759
  • 10th Carnatic Battalion - 1769
  • 9th Carnatic Battalion - 1770
  • 9th Madras Battalion - 1784
  • 1st Battalion, 9th Madras Native Infantry - 1796
  • 9th Madras Native Infantry - 1824
  • 9th Madras Infantry - 1885
  • 69th Punjabis - 1903

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sharma, p.23
  2. ^ Sumner p.15
  3. ^ Sharma, p.24
  4. ^ Sharma, p.28
  • Barthorp, Michael; Burn, Jeffrey (1979). Indian infantry regiments 1860-1914. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-307-0. 
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 0-9776072-8-3. 
  • Sharma, Gautam (1990). Valour and sacrifice: famous regiments of the Indian Army. Allied Publishers. ISBN 81-7023-140-X. 
  • Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914-1947. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6. 
  • Moberly, F.J. (1923). Official History of the War: Mesopotamia Campaign, Imperial War Museum. ISBN 1-870423-30-5