69th Reconnaissance Group
|69th Reconnaissance Group|
|Active||1941–1946; 2011- current|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Engagements||American Theater of World War II European Theater of World War II|
The 69th Reconnaissance Group is an active United States Air Force unit. It is part of Air Combat Command stationed at Grand Forks AFB, North Dakota. The group served in the American and European Theaters of World War II as a reconnaissance unit until returning to the United States where it was inactivated. It was reactivated in the fall of 2011 as an unmanned aircraft reconnaissance group.
The group was activated in the fall of 1941 as the 69th Observation Group with two squadrons assigned. The group flew antisubmarine patrols along the Pacific coast after the Attack on Pearl Harbor.
The group engaged primarily in air to ground training during 1943 and 1944 while it was successively designated 69th Reconnaissance Group and 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group. It began training with North American F-6 Mustangs in January 1945 for duty overseas. The 69th moved to France in February to March of 1945 where it was assigned to Ninth AF. It flew visual and photographic reconnaissance missions to provide intelligence for ground and air units. It was again designated the 69th Reconnaissance Group in June 1945. The group returned to the United States in July and August of 1945. There it trained with F-6 Mustangs and Douglas A-26 Invader aircraft. The group was inactivated on 29 July 1946.
The 69th was once again activated on 19 September 2011 to conduct reconnaissance with unmanned aerial vehicles.
- Constituted as 69th Observation Group on 21 August 1941
- Activated on 3 September 1941
- Redesignated: 69th Reconnaissance Group on 15 April 1943
- Redesignated: 69th Tactical Reconnaissance Group on 11 August 1943
- Redesignated: 69th Reconnaissance Group on 15 June 1945
- Inactivated on 29 July 1946
- Activated 19 September 2011
- 4th Air Support Command (later IV Ground Air Support Command) 3 September 1941
- Second Air Force, 21 August 1942
- II Ground Air Support Command (later II Air Support Command), 7 September 1942
- III Air Support Command (later III Reconnaissance Command, 6 August 1943
- Third Air Force, 9 October 1943
- III Tactical Air Division, 18 April 1944
- XII Tactical Air Command, 27 March 1945
- Ninth Air Force, 20 May 1945
- Third Air Force, 9 July 1945
- Tactical Air Command 21 March 1946 - 29 July 1946
- 9th Reconnaissance Wing 19 September 2011
- 10th Observation Squadron (later 10th Reconnaissance Squadron, 10th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron), 2 March 1942 – 31 March 1946
- 22d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron, 29 Jan 1945 – 29 July 1946
- 31st Observation Squadron (later 31st Reconnaissance Squadron, 31st Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron): 29 March 1942 - 20 March 1945 (attached ca. 8 December 1941 - 29 March 1942)
- 39th Reconnaissance Squadron (later 101st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 101st Bombardment Photographic Squadron), 11 April 1944 - 29 January 1945, (attached 7 November 1945 - 25 December 1945)
- 82d Observation Squadron: 3 September 1941 – 5 April 1942
- 102d Observation Squadron (later 102d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron): 29 March 1942 - 5 April 1944
- 111th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron: 20 April 1945 - 2 July 1945
- 115th Observation Squadron (later 115th Liaison Squadron): 3 September 1941 – 11 August 1943
- 348th Reconnaissance Squadron: 19 September 2011 – present
- 12th Reconnaissance Squadron 1 March 2013 - Present
- 5th Photo Lab Section (later 5th Photographic Technical Unit, 18th Photographic Technical Unit), 19 April 1944 - 23 June 1945
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 136–137. ISBN 0-912799-02-1.
- AFHRA Factsheet, 69th Reconnaissance Group 4/9/2012 (retrieved Jan 16, 2013)
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 117-119
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 155
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 333
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 287-288
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 334-335
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 340-341
- Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 344-345
- AFHRA Factsheet, 348th Reconnaissance Squadron 7/30/2012 (retrieved Jan 16, 2013)
- AFHRA Factsheet, 18th Intelligence Squadron 4/6/12 (retrieved Jan 16, 2013)
- Station Designators in Europe are from Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day. Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center.
- Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day. Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6.