6th New Zealand Parliament

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46th | 47th | 48th | 49th | 50th
51st

The 6th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the Parliament of New Zealand.

Elections for this term were held in 69 European electorates between 20 December 1875 and 29 January 1876. Elections in the four Māori electorates were held on 4 and 15 January 1876. A total of 88 MPs were elected. Parliament was prorogued in August 1879. During the term of this Parliament, five Ministries were in power.

Sessions[edit]

The 6th Parliament opened on 15 June 1876, following the 1875–76 general election. It sat for four sessions, and was prorogued on 15 August 1879.[1]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 15 June 1876 31 October 1876
second 19 July 1877 10 December 1877
third 26 July 1878 2 November 1878
fourth 11 July 1879 11 August 1879

Historical context[edit]

Political parties had not been established yet; this only happened after the 1890 election. Anyone attempting to form an administration thus had to win support directly from individual MPs. This made first forming, and then retaining a government difficult and challenging.[2]

Ministries[edit]

Since July 1875, the Pollen Ministry was in power, led by Premier Daniel Pollen. On 15 February 1876, the second Vogel Ministry was established, which lasted until 1 September 1876. This was followed by the Atkinson Ministry, what is known as the beginning of the Continuous Ministry, which lasted from 1 to 13 September 1876. It was reconstituted as the second Atkinson Ministry, which ruled from 13 September 1876 to 13 October 1877. This was succeeded by the Grey Ministry, which was in power from 13 October 1877 to 8 October 1879. This period extended slightly after the period of the 1879 general elections for the 7th Parliament.[3][4]


Initial composition of the 6th Parliament[edit]

88 seats were created across the electorates.[5]


Member Electorate MP's term Election date
Montgomery, WilliamWilliam Montgomery Akaroa Second 29 December 1875[6]
Brown, JohnJohn Brown Ashley Second 11 January 1876[7]
Rees, WilliamWilliam Rees Auckland East First 30 December 1875[8]
Grey, GeorgeGeorge Grey Auckland West Second 23 December 1875[9]
Dignan, PatrickPatrick Dignan Auckland West Third 23 December 1875[10]
Rolleston, WilliamWilliam Rolleston Avon Third 22 December 1875[11]
Murray, WilliamWilliam Murray Bruce Second 23 December 1875[12]
Henry, JosephJoseph Henry Buller First 5 January 1876[13]
Seaton, JamesJames Seaton Caversham First 21 December 1875[14]
Harper, LeonardLeonard Harper Cheviot First 8 January 1876[15]
Moorhouse, William SeftonWilliam Sefton Moorhouse Christchurch Fifth 21 December 1875[6]
Richardson, EdwardEdward Richardson Christchurch Second 21 December 1875[16]
Stevens, Edward Cephas JohnEdward Cephas John Stevens Christchurch Second 21 December 1875[17]
Ormond, John DaviesJohn Davies Ormond Clive Fourth 7 January 1876[18]
Thomson, James WilliamJames William Thomson Clutha Second 20 January 1876[19]
Wason, CathcartCathcart Wason Coleridge First 6 January 1876[20]
Gibbs, WilliamWilliam Gibbs Collingwood Second 29 December 1875[21]
Macandrew, JamesJames Macandrew Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin Sixth 20 December 1875[22]
Larnach, WilliamWilliam Larnach Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin First 20 December 1875[23]
Stout, RobertRobert Stout Dunedin, City ofCity of Dunedin Second 20 December 1875[24]
Pyke, VincentVincent Pyke Dunstan Second 27 December 1875[25]
Read, GeorgeGeorge Read East Coast First 6 January 1876[8]
Tole, JosephJoseph Tole Eden First 6 January 1876[26]
Atkinson, HarryHarry Atkinson Egmont Fourth 3 January 1876[27]
Lusk, HughHugh Lusk Franklin First 18 January 1876[22]
Hamlin, EbenezerEbenezer Hamlin Franklin First 18 January 1876[28]
Wakefield, EdwardEdward Wakefield Geraldine First 27 December 1875[29]
Teschemaker, FrederickFrederick Teschemaker Gladstone First 20 January 1876[19]
Carrington, Frederic AlonzoFrederic Alonzo Carrington Grey and Bell Third 28 December 1875[30]
Kennedy, MartinMartin Kennedy Grey Valley First 12 January 1876[31]
Woolcock, CharlesCharles Woolcock Grey Valley First 12 January 1876[32]
Fisher, JamesJames Fisher Heathcote First 4 January 1876[33]
Barff, EdmundEdmund Barff Hokitika Second 14 January 1876[34]
Button, CharlesCharles Button Hokitika First 14 January 1876[35]
Fitzherbert, WilliamWilliam Fitzherbert Hutt Fifth 29 December 1875[33]
Lumsden, GeorgeGeorge Lumsden Invercargill First 24 December 1875[36]
Bowen, Charles ChristopherCharles Christopher Bowen Kaiapoi Second 21 December 1875[37]
Murray-Aynsley, HughHugh Murray-Aynsley Lyttelton First 28 December 1875[34]
Johnston, Walter WoodsWalter Woods Johnston Manawatu Second 10 January 1876[38]
Douglas, RobertRobert Douglas Marsden First 10 January 1876[39]
Wood, WilliamWilliam Wood Mataura Second 6 January 1876[32]
Williams, John WilliamJohn William Williams Mongonui and Bay of Islands Second 17 January 1876[40]
Hursthouse, RichmondRichmond Hursthouse Motueka First 6 January 1876[41]
de Lautour, CecilCecil de Lautour Mount Ida First 17 January 1876[10]
McLean, DonaldDonald McLean Napier Third 30 December 1875[42]
Russell, WilliamWilliam Russell Napier First 30 December 1875[43]
Sharp, JohnJohn Sharp Nelson, City ofCity of Nelson First 20 December 1875[14]
Curtis, OswaldOswald Curtis Nelson, City ofCity of Nelson Third 20 December 1875[44]
Richmond, AndrewAndrew Richmond Nelson SuburbsSuburbs of Nelson Fourth 30 December 1875[11]
Kelly, ThomasThomas Kelly New Plymouth Third 23 December 1875[31]
Swanson, WilliamWilliam Swanson Newton Second 24 December 1875[24]
O'Rorke, MauriceMaurice O'Rorke Onehunga Fourth 29 December 1875[18]
Wood, ReaderReader Wood Parnell Fourth 31 December 1875[32]
Kenny, CourtneyCourtney Kenny Picton Third 18 January 1876[31]
Reynolds, William HunterWilliam Hunter Reynolds Port Chalmers Fourth 10 January 1876[16]
Ballance, JohnJohn Ballance Rangitikei Second 5 January 1876[34]
Hodgkinson, SamuelSamuel Hodgkinson Riverton First 7 January 1876[45]
Sheehan, JohnJohn Sheehan Rodney Second 17 January 1876[14]
Burns, Arthur JohnArthur John Burns Roslyn Third 28 December 1875[46]
Fitzroy, CecilCecil Fitzroy Selwyn First 30 December 1875[33]
Reid, Donald Donald Reid Taieri Third 29 December 1875[8]
Grey, GeorgeGeorge Grey Thames Second 6 January 1876[47]
Rowe, WilliamWilliam Rowe Thames First 6 January 1876[11]
Stafford, EdwardEdward Stafford Timaru Fifth 28 December 1875[17]
Tribe, George HenryGeorge Henry Tribe Totara Second 10 January 1876[26]
Brown, James ClarkJames Clark Brown Tuapeka Third 22 December 1875[7]
Bastings, HoraceHorace Bastings Waikaia First 14 January 1876[48]
Whitaker, FrederickFrederick Whitaker Waikato Second 5 January 1876[49]
McLean, GeorgeGeorge McLean Waikouaiti Second 22 December 1875[42]
Baigent, EdwardEdward Baigent Waimea Second 7 January 1876[50]
Cox, AlfredAlfred Cox Waipa Third 11 January 1876[44]
Bunny, HenryHenry Bunny Wairarapa Fourth 4 January 1876[46]
Andrew, JohnJohn Andrew Wairarapa Second 4 January 1876[27]
Seymour, ArthurArthur Seymour Wairau Second 29 January 1876[14]
Shrimski, SamuelSamuel Shrimski Waitaki First 10 January 1876[51]
Hislop, Thomas WilliamThomas William Hislop Waitaki First 10 January 1876[45]
Macfarlane, JohnJohn Macfarlane Waitemata First 19 January 1876[52]
Manders, HenryHenry Manders Wakatipu First 7 January 1876[53]
Joyce, James ParkerJames Parker Joyce Wallace First 30 December 1875[38]
Bryce, JohnJohn Bryce Wanganui Third 7 January 1876[7]
Vogel, JuliusJulius Vogel Wanganui Fourth 7 January 1876[29]
Hunter, GeorgeGeorge Hunter Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington Second 23 December 1875[54]
Pearce, EdwardEdward Pearce Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington Second 23 December 1875[55]
Brandon, AlfredAlfred Brandon Wellington Country Fifth 31 December 1875[7]
Takamoana, KaraitianaKaraitiana Takamoana X-01Eastern Maori Second 15 January 1876[56]
Tawhiti, HoriHori Tawhiti X-02Northern Maori First 15 January 1876[19]
Taiaroa, Hori KereiHori Kerei Taiaroa X-03Southern Maori Second 4 January 1876[56]
Nahe, HoaniHoani Nahe X-04Western Maori First 15 January 1876[12]


Changes during term[edit]

There were numerous changes during the term of the 6th Parliament.

By-election Electorate Date Incumbent Reason Winner
1876 City of Auckland West[57] 25 July George Grey Resignation Benjamin Tonks
1876 Wanganui 27 September Julius Vogel Resignation William Fox
1877 Napier 15 February Donald McLean Death Fred Sutton
1877 City of Wellington 27 March Edward Pearce Resignation William Travers
1877 Totara 30 April George Henry Tribe Death William Gisborne
1877 City of Auckland West 2 May Benjamin Tonks Resignation James Wallis
1877 Wairarapa 3 July John Andrew Resignation George Beetham
1878 City of Wellington 18 February William Travers Resignation George Elliott Barton
1878 Parnell 20 February Reader Wood Resignation Frederick Moss
1878 Timaru 8 April Edward Stafford Resignation Richard Turnbull
1878 Port Chalmers 12 April William Hunter Reynolds Resignation James Green
1878 Franklin 20 May Hugh Lusk Resignation Richard Hobbs
1878 Cheviot 21 May Leonard Harper Resignation Alfred Saunders
1878 Grey Valley 22 May Martin Kennedy Resignation Richard Reeves
1878 Hokitika 26 June Charles Button Resignation Seymour Thorne George
1878 City of Dunedin 3 July William Larnach Resignation Richard Oliver
1878 Taieri 11 July Donald Reid Resignation William Cutten
1878 Invercargill 17 July George Lumsden Resignation Henry Feldwick
1878 Waipa 24 July Alfred Cox Resignation Edward Graham McMinn
1878 Roslyn 29 July Arthur John Burns Resignation Henry Driver
1879 Gladstone 3 January Frederick Teschemaker Death John Studholme
1879 Mataura 15 January William Wood Resignation James Shanks
1879 City of Nelson 6 February John Sharp Resignation Acton Adams
1879 City of Auckland West 4 March Patrick Dignan Resignation David Goldie
1879 Coleridge[58] 8 May Cathcart Wason Resignation George Hart
1879 Hutt 2 July William Fitzherbert Resignation Henry Jackson
1879 Eastern Maori 7 July Karaitiana Takamoana Death Henare Tomoana
1879 Southern Maori 7 July Hori Kerei Taiaroa Resignation Ihaia Tainui
1879 City of Dunedin 15 July Robert Stout Resignation William Downie Stewart

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 68.
  2. ^ King 2003, p. ?.
  3. ^ King 2003, p. 533.
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 35–36.
  5. ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 
  6. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  7. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  8. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  9. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 103, 110.
  10. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 103.
  11. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  12. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  13. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 113.
  14. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 138.
  15. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  16. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 135.
  17. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  18. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  19. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  20. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 146.
  21. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  22. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  23. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 119.
  24. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  25. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 133.
  26. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  27. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  28. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  29. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  30. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 100.
  31. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  32. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  33. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  34. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 94.
  35. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 99.
  36. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  37. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  38. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  39. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  40. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  41. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 116.
  42. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  43. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 137.
  44. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 102.
  45. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 114.
  46. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 98.
  47. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 110.
  48. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  49. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  50. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 224.
  51. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  52. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 122.
  53. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 125.
  54. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 115.
  55. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  56. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  57. ^ "City West Election". Daily Southern Cross. XXXII (5238). 26 July 1876. p. 3. Retrieved 14 April 2010. 
  58. ^ "Christchurch. 8th May". The Evening Post XVII (505). 9 May 1879. p. 2. Retrieved 6 June 2010. 

References[edit]