6th century BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Decades: 590s BC 580s BC 570s BC 560s BC 550s BC
540s BC 530s BC 520s BC 510s BC 500s BC
Categories: BirthsDeaths

The 6th century BCE started the first day of 600 BCE and ended the last day of 501 BCE.

Map of the world in 500 BC

Pāṇini, in India, composed a grammar for Sanskrit, in this century or slightly later.[1] This is the oldest still known grammar of any language.

In the Near East, the first half of this century was dominated by the Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean empire, which had risen to power late in the previous century after successfully rebelling against Assyrian rule. The Kingdom of Judah came to an end in 586 BCE when Babylonian forces under Nebuchadnezzar II captured Jerusalem, and removed most of its population to their own lands. Babylonian rule was toppled however in the 540s, by Cyrus, who founded the Persian Empire in its place. The Persian Empire continued to expand and grew into the greatest empire the world had known at the time.

In Iron Age Europe, the Celtic expansion was in progress. China was in the Spring and Autumn Period.

Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta


Solon, creator of the Solonian Constitution of Athens which incorporated the first elements of formalised civil democracy in world history

590s BCE[edit]

580s BCE[edit]

570s BCE[edit]

560s BCE[edit]

550s BCE[edit]

540s BCE[edit]

530s BCE[edit]

520s BCE[edit]

510s BCE[edit]

500s BCE[edit]

Unknown Events[edit]

Significant people[edit]


Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

Sovereign States[edit]

See: List of sovereign states in the 6th century BC.


  1. ^ Ritual and mantras: rules without meaning Google Books
  2. ^ "History of the SUDAN". www.historyworld.net. 2007. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2007. 
  3. ^ Daniel 10:4 Bible Online


Decades and years[edit]