The 6th of October Governorate was split from the Giza Governorate on 17 April 2008. It was created through a presidential decree in order to ease the burden placed on Giza, one of Egypt's most densely populated governorates. The 6th of October City became the capital of the 6th of October Governorate, which was mostly made up of recently established planned communities such as the Sheikh Zayed City. On 14 April 2011, prime minister Essam Sharaf dissolved the 6th of October Governorate and reincorporated its territory into the Giza Governorate.
The area of the 6th of October is largely desert but contains the left bank of the Nile valley to both the north and south of Giza, and the important oasis town of Bahariya. It is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude, a line where the northernlatitude and easternlongitude are the same.