7.7×58mm Arisaka

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Type 99 7.7 mm rimless
7.7 x 58mm JAP.JPG
7.7×58mm Arisaka
Type Rifle
Place of origin  Japan
Production history
Produced 1939–1945
Variants Type 92 semi-rimmed 7.7 mm, Navy type 7.7 mm
Specifications
Bullet diameter 7.89 mm (0.311 in)
Neck diameter 8.07 mm (0.318 in)
Shoulder diameter 11 mm (0.43 in)
Base diameter 12 mm (0.47 in)
Rim diameter 12 mm (0.47 in)
Rim thickness 1.0 mm (0.039 in)
Case length 58 mm (2.3 in)
Overall length 79.5 mm (3.13 in)
Primer type Large Rifle
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
175 gr (11 g) (Ball) 2,440 ft/s (740 m/s) 2,313 ft·lbf (3,136 J)
Type 92 semi-rimmed 7.7 mm
Type 92 7.7 mm semi-rimmed.jpg
Various Type 92 rounds
Type Machine gun round
Place of origin Japan
Service history
Used by Japan
Wars Second World War
Production history
Variants Type 99 rimless 7.7 mm (Arisaka), Navy type 7.7 mm
Specifications
Case length 2.25 in (57 mm)
Overall length 3.14 in (80 mm)
Ballistic performance
Bullet weight/type Velocity Energy
202 gr (13 g) (Ball) 2,200 ft/s (670 m/s) 2,350 ft·lbf (3,190 J)
Source(s): [1]

The 7.7×58mm Arisaka cartridge or Type 99 rimless 7.7 mm was chambered in the World War II Arisaka Type 99 Rifle. The cartridge was designed to replace the aging 6.5×50mm Arisaka cartridge after seeing the effectiveness of the 8×57 IS heavy machine gun in action in China during 1937.[2] Due to lack of materials the plan to phase out the 6.5 mm Arisaka cartridge by the end of the war was not completed.

While the round chambered by the Arisaka rifle used a rimless case, rimmed and semi-rimmed variants were produced for use in some Japanese machine guns. This machine gun ammunition is more powerful, and the altered rim is meant to prevent it from being chambered in a rifle. The 7.7 mm Arisaka uses the same .311–.312" bullets as the .303 British,[3] and its cartridge case is similar in power to the .30-06 Springfield (7.62×63mm). Factory loaded ammunition and brass cases are available from Norma and Graf; Hornady, Sierra and Speer also produce usable bullets. Reloadable cartridge cases can be produced by reforming .30-06 brass, or fire forming 7.92×57mm cases. Case heads derived from the .30-06 will be slightly undersized and will bulge slightly just ahead of the web on firing, while the 7.92×57mm derived cases will be slightly short. Normal cases of the correct dimensions will also bulge slightly, however, as most Japanese rifles of this era had slightly oversized chambers, intended to allow the bolt to be closed on a round even in a very dirty chamber. Reloading data for .303 British is a good starting point for load development, since the two cartridges are nearly identical.

The 7.7×58mm Arisaka as a sporting cartridge is suitable for most big game with proper bullet selection.

7.7×58mm Type 92[edit]

The Type 92 (Semi-rimmed) 7.7 mm (7.7×58mm SR) was a machine gun cartridge and was primarily used with the Type 92 Heavy Machine Gun and the earlier Type 89 flexible and fixed air-cooled machine guns used on Japanese planes.

Japanese ammunition[edit]

All Japanese ammunition used gilding metal jackets for the bullets on ball and the PETN-filled flat-tipped explosive incendiary, cupro-nickel jackets for tracer and phosphorus incendiary and a brass bullet with steel core for armor-piercing.

  • Ball—lead core
  • Tracer—lead core
  • A.P.—hard steel core
  • IncendiaryWhite phosphorus and lead
  • H.E.—PETN and lead

Late war ammunition can still be encountered, although it is generally advisable not to fire it, due to its collectability and the possibility of a hangfire or squib.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johnson, Melvin M., Jr. (1944). Rifles and Machine Guns. New York: William Morrow & Company. p. 384. 
  2. ^ Honeycutt and Anthony P. 84
  3. ^ http://www.chuckhawks.com/7-7mmArisaka.htm