|Centuries:||7th century – 8th century – 9th century|
|Decades:||670s 680s 690s – 700s – 710s 720s 730s|
|Years:||698 699 700 – 701 – 702 703 704|
|701 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1454|
|Bahá'í calendar||−1143 – −1142|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||庚子年 (Metal Rat)
3397 or 3337
— to —
辛丑年 (Metal Ox)
3398 or 3338
|- Vikram Samvat||757–758|
|- Shaka Samvat||623–624|
|- Kali Yuga||3802–3803|
|Igbo calendar||−299 – −298|
|Japanese calendar||Taihō 1
|Minguo calendar||1211 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1244|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 701.|
Year 701 (DCCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 701 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Raginpert dies and the deposed king Liutpert (see 700) returns to the throne of the Lombards. Raginpert's son Aripert captures Liutpert at his capital in Pavia and has him strangled in his bath. Aripert becomes new ruler of the Lombard Kingdom in Italy.
- King Ergica dies, possibly assassinated in a plot led by Roderic. He is succeeded by his son Wittiza as king of the Visigoths (approximate date).
- Asparukh, founder of the First Bulgarian Empire, dies after a 20-year reign. He is succeeded by his son Tervel who becomes ruler (khan) of the Bulgarians.
- Battle of Dayr al-Jamajim: Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan sends Syrian troops to reinforce the Muslim army of Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf. He faces a 200,000-man army under Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad ibn al-Ash'ath near Kufa (modern Iraq). Al-Ash'ath is defeated and the rebellion fails against the Umayyad Caliphate.
- Arab conquest of Armenia: Umayyad prince Muhammad ibn Marwan invades the Byzantine Armenian provinces east of the Euphrates; local commander Baanes surrenders before an large Arab army and the population accepts a Muslim governor.
- Muslims from the Arabian Peninsula destroy the then-Axum-controlled port of Adulis, thus causing the decline of Ethiopian christianity on the African Red Sea coast (approximate date).
- Arab merchants introduce Oriental spices into Meditterranean markets. Muslim merchant vessels visit the Maluku Islands (South East Asia) for the first time (approximate date).
- Emperor Monmu of Japan becomes sole proprietor of all nation's land through a codification of political law (Code of Taihō).
- September 8 – Pope Sergius I dies at Rome after a 14-year reign. He is succeeded by John VI as the 85th pope of the Catholic Church.
- Li Bai (also Li Po), Chinese poet (d. 762)
- Shōmu, emperor of Japan (d. 756)
- Yazid III, Muslim caliph (d. 744)
- Asparukh, ruler of the Bulgarian Empire
- Ergica, king of the Visigoths (or 703)
- Liutpert, king of the Lombards (or 702)
- September 8 – Pope Sergius I
- Raginpert, king of the Lombards
- Yeon Namsan, military leader of Goguryeo (b. 639)
- Venning, Timothy, ed. (2006). A Chronology of the Byzantine Empire. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 188. ISBN 1-4039-1774-4.
- Treadgold, Warren T. (1997), A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, p. 339, ISBN 0-8047-2630-2
- Venning, Timothy, ed. (2006). A Chronology of the Byzantine Empire. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 189. ISBN 1-4039-1774-4.