701 series

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701 series
JR-E701 Akita color.JPG
Akita area 701-0 series, April 2007
In service 1993–Present
Manufacturer JR East, Kawasaki Heavy Industries[1]
Replaced 50 series, 715 series
Constructed 1993–2001
Number built 274 vehicles
Number in service 274 vehicles
Formation 2, 3 or 4 cars per trainset
Operator JR East, Aoimori Railway, IGR
Depot(s) Akita, Aomori, Morioka, Sendai, Yamagata[1]
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless steel
Car length 20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width 2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in)
Height 3,620 mm (11 ft 11 in)
Doors 3 pairs per side
Maximum speed 110 km/h (70 mph)[2]
Traction system Variable frequency (Power-Transhister)
Electric system(s) 20 kV AC, 50 Hz
Current collection method Overhead catenary
Safety system(s) ATS-Ps (701-0/100/1000/1500), ATS-P (701-5000/5500)
Multiple working E721 series
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) (701-0/100/1000/1500)
1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) (701-5000/5500)

The 701 series is an AC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated on local services by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), Aoimori Railway, and Iwate Galaxy Railway (IGR) in Japan. The design is derived from the 209 series commuter EMU, and was intended to replace locomotive-hauled trains formed of 50 series coaches in the north of Japan.[3]

Variants[edit]

701-0 series[edit]

89 701-0 series cars were delivered in 1993, formed as 3-car sets (N1 to N13) and 2-car sets (N14 to N38), all based at Akita Depot. Three 2-car sets (N36 to N38) were later modified with some transverse seating, and from 2005, the entire fleet had the original PS104 scissors-type pantographs replaced with PS109 single-arm pantographs. Snowploughs were also added to the front ends at the same time.[4]

These sets are used on the Uetsu Main Line between Tsuruoka and Akita, on the Ōu Main Line between Shinjō and Aomori, and on the Tsugaru Line between Aomori and Kanita. The sets with transverse seating are mainly used on the Ōu Main Line between Shinjō and Akita.[4]

Formations[edit]

3-car sets N1-N13[edit]
Designation Mc T Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701 SaHa 701 KuHa 700

The KuMoHa 701 car is fitted with one pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

2-car sets N14-N38[edit]
Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701 KuHa 700

The KuMoHa 701 car is fitted with one pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

Interior[edit]

701-100 series[edit]

Sendai-based 701-100 series set at Koriyama Station, March 2007

Thirteen 701-100 series cars were delivered in 1994, formed as one 3-car set and five 2-car sets. All sets were initially based at Akita Depot, but four of the 2-car sets were subsequently transferred to Sendai. The Akita-based sets had the original PS104 scissors-type pantographs replaced with PS109 single-arm pantographs between 2007 and 2008. Snowploughs were also added to the front ends at the same time. The Sendai-based sets had the original PS104 scissors-type pantographs replaced with lower-profile PS105 lozenge-type pantographs in 2002 to allow operation through limited-clearance tunnels on the Senzan Line.[4][5]

The Sendai-based sets are normally used on the Jōban Line between Iwaki and Iwanuma, and on the Tōhoku Main Line between Iwanuma and Sendai. They are also available for use on Senzan Line services if required. The Akita-based sets are used interchangeably alongside the 701-0 series sets.[4]

Formations[edit]

3-car set N101[edit]
Designation Mc T Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701-100 SaHa 701-100 KuHa 700-100

The KuMoHa 701 car is fitted with one pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

2-car sets N102 and F2-103–106[edit]
Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701-100 KuHa 700-100

The KuMoHa 701 car is fitted with one pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

701-1000 series[edit]

Sendai-based 701-1000 series set, May 2010
Morioka-based 700-1000 series set, March 2007

92 701-1000 series cars were delivered between 1994 and 1995 to Morioka and Sendai depots, formed as 2- and 4-car units. As of 2010, 14 sets (seven 2-car sets), 30 cars (fifteen 2-car sets) are based at Morioka, and 36 cars (four 4-car sets and ten 2-car sets) are based at Sendai. Eight of the original 2-car sets were transferred to the Iwate Galaxy Railway Line, becoming IGR 7000-0 series (see below), and one 2-car set was transferred to the Aoimori Railway, becoming Aoimori 700-0 series (see below). On 28 October 1999, one Aomori-based 2-car set (KuMoHa 701-1033 + KuHa 700-1033) was damaged by a tidal wave at Aomori Station. New bodies were manufactured for this set in 2000, and it was renumbered KuMoHa 701-1508 + KuHa 700-1508 and reallocated to Sendai depot.[4]

A further seven 701-1000 series 2-car sets are scheduled to be transferred to the Aoimori Railway during 2010, becoming Aoimori 700-0 series.[6]

The Sendai-based sets are used on the Tōhoku Main Line between Kuroiso and Ichinoseki, including the branch line to Rifu, and on the Senzan Line. The Morioka-based sets are used on the Tōhoku Main Line between Ichinoseki and Morioka, and on the Iwate Galaxy Railway Line between Morioka and Iwate-Numakunai. The Aomori-based sets are used on the Tōhoku Main Line between Hachinohe and Aomori.[4]

Formations[edit]

4-car sets[edit]
Designation Mc T' M Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701-1000 SaHa 700-1000 MoHa 701-1000 KuHa 700-100

The KuMoHa 701 and MoHa 701 cars are each fitted with one PS105 lozenge-type pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

2-car sets[edit]
Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701-1000 KuHa 700-1000

The KuMoHa 701 car is fitted with one PS105 lozenge-type pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

701-1500 series[edit]

Sendai area 701-1500 series at Iwaki-Ōta Station, June 2008

Eighteen 2-car sets (numbered F2-501 to F2-518) were delivered to Sendai depot between 1998 and 2001, including set F2-508, which was rebuilt from an earlier damaged 701-1000 series unit. Sets from F2-509 onward were fitted with wheelchair spaces and ATS-Ps from new. They are used interchangeably with Sendai 701-1000 series sets.[4]

Formation[edit]

Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701-1500 KuHa 700-1500

The KuMoHa 701 car is fitted with one PS105 lozenge-type pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

701-5000 series[edit]

Tazawako Line 701-5000 series at Morioka Station, March 2007

Ten 2-car sets (numbered N5001 to N5010) were delivered to Akita depot between 1996 and 1997, entering service from 22 March 1997 on the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge sections of the Tazawako Line between Morioka and Ōmagari, and on the Ōu Main Line between Ōmagari and Akita. These sets were based on the earlier 701-1000 series, with some transverse seating, PS106 single-arm pantographs, and ATS-P.[4]

Formation[edit]

Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701-5000 KuHa 700-5000

The KuMoHa 701 car is fitted with one PS105 lozenge-type pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

Interior[edit]

701-5500 series[edit]

Ōu Main Line 701-5500 series at Takahata Station, June 2007

Nine 2-car 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge sets (numbered Z1 to Z9) were delivered to Yamagata depot in 1999, ahead of the opening of the extension of the Yamagata Shinkansen to Shinjō in November 1999. During 2001, the original PS105 lozenge-type pantographs were replaced with PS106B single-arm pantographs. Snowploughs were added to the front ends at the same time.

The fleet is used on the Ōu Main Line between Yonezawa and Shinjō.[4]

Formation[edit]

Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering KuMoHa 701-5000 KuHa 700-5000

The KuMoHa 701 car is fitted with one PS105 lozenge-type pantograph. The KuHa 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

Aoimori 701 series[edit]

Aoimori Railway 701 series at Morioka Station, March 2007
Aoimori Railway 701 series in new livery at Misawa Station, July 2011

The Aoimori Railway 701 series fleet consists of one 701-0 series set, which was originally a JR East 701-1000 series set transferred from Morioka in December 2002, and a newly built 701-100 series set delivered in September 2002. The 701-100 series set has some transverse seating.[5]

A further seven 2-car (former 701-1000 series) sets are scheduled to be transferred from JR East during 2010 ahead of the transfer of passenger operations from JR East on the section from Hachinohe to Aomori when the Tohoku Shinkansen extension to Shin-Aomori opens in December 2010. These units will be modified with the addition of some transverse seating. The Aoimori Railway fleet was repainted into a new lighter blue livery incorporating the railway's "Mori" mascot logo.[6]

Formation[edit]

Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering Aoimori 701 Aoimori 700

The Aoimori 701 car is fitted with a PS105 lozenge-type pantograph. The Aoimori 700 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]


IGR 7000 series[edit]

IGR 7000 series at Morioka Station, March 2007

The Iwate Galaxy Railway Line 7000 series fleet consists of four 7000-0 series sets, which were originally JR East 701-1000 series sets transferred from Morioka in December 2002, and three newly built 7000-100 series sets delivered in September 2002. The 7000-100 series sets have some transverse seating.[5]

Formations[edit]

IGR 7000-0 series[edit]
Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering IGR 7001 IGR 7000
Capacity (seated) 135 (54) 133 (48)

The IGR 7001 car is fitted with a PS105 lozenge-type pantograph. The IGR 7000 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

IGR 7000-100 series[edit]
Designation Mc Tc'
Numbering IGR 7001-100 IGR 7000-100
Capacity (seated) 133 (56) 125 (46)

The IGR 7001 car is fitted with a PS105 lozenge-type pantograph. The IGR 7000 car is fitted with a toilet and wheelchair space.[5]

Livery variations[edit]

Operating area Front end Body side

Aomori/Morioka

Tazawako Line
(Standard gauge)

Akita

Sendai

Yamagata
(Standard gauge)

Aoimori Railway
(until 2010)

Iwate Galaxy Railway

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2009夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009]. Japan: JRR. June 2009. ISBN 978-4-330-06909-8. 
  2. ^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 4-7770-0453-8. 
  3. ^ "甲種鉄道車両輸送計画表" [Rolling Stock Delivery Schedule]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 39 (320): p.124. December 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Shirato, Hiroyuki (January 2010). "701系の番台別特徴と輸送形態" [701 series subclass differences and operation details]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha) 50 (585): p.49–55. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: JRR. May 2010. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1. 
  6. ^ a b "「わ」の鉄道 青い森鉄道" [Aoimori Railway - A "Wa" Railway]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha) 50 (595): p.24–29. November 2010. 

External links[edit]