705 Naval Air Squadron
|705 Naval Air Squadron|
705 NAS badge
|Active||1936-1940, 1945, 1947-present|
|Branch||Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy|
|Role||Single-engine advanced training|
|Motto||Latin: Expertam Docemus Artem|
705 Naval Air Squadron was first formed as a flight in 1936 from No 447 Flight Royal Air Force and operated Swordfish torpedo bombers from battlecruisers. It achieved squadron status in 1939 before being disbanded in 1940. The squadron was re-formed briefly in 1945 and then again in 1947 as a fleet requirements unit to evaluate naval use of helicopters. Since the 1950s the squadron has been involved in the basic training of helicopter aircrew, and currently forms part of the Defence Helicopter Flying School at RAF Shawbury.
Pre-war and World War II (1936 - 1945)
705 Flight was formed from No 447 Flight Royal Air Force, standing up in June 1936. Operational control of naval aviation was returned to the Royal Navy on 30 July 1937, and during this period the squadron operated the Fairey Swordfish biplane torpedo bomber from the battlecruisers Repulse and Renown. The aircraft were equipped with floats so that they could be launched from the ships by catapult and then recovered from the water by crane. 705 achieved squadron status in 1939. Early in World War II the squadron saw service protecting troop convoys and hunting raiders on the North America and West Indies Station. After disembarkation to RNAS Lee-on-Solent in 1939, the squadron was disbanded in 1940. 705 Naval Air Squadron was briefly reformed in 1945 and carried out the role of torpedo training.
Fleet Requirements Unit (1947 - 1950)
In May 1947, 705 Squadron was re-commissioned at RNAS Gosport with the Sikorsky Hoverfly element from 771 NAS. At first the squadron operated as a fleet requirements unit, and was responsible for the evaluation of the helicopter for use at sea. On 1 February 1947 Lieutenant K Reed carried out the first helicopter deck landing on a Royal Navy ship when he landed on HMS Vanguard off Portland.
Helicopter flying training (1950 - 1997)
The squadron gradually became responsible for the basic flying training of Royal Naval helicopter pilots and was re-equipped during the 1950s with the Westland Dragonfly, the Hiller HT1 and the Sikorsky S55. The squadron moved to RNAS Culdrose in 1957 where the later marks of Hiller and Whirlwind were introduced. These types were replaced in 1974 by the Westland Gazelle HT.2. Between 1975 and 1992 the instructors of the squadron performed as the 'Sharks' helicopter display team at up to 20 air displays every year both in the UK and abroad.
Tri-service basic flying training (1997 - present)
In April 1997 705 NAS disbanded and reformed at RAF Shawbury in Shropshire as part of the Defence Helicopter Flying School (DHFS), flying the Eurocopter Squirrel HT Mk 1 helicopter.[dead link]
Within DHFS, 705 Squadron provides basic and advanced single engined rotary wing flying training for all three services, as well as pilots from foreign and Commonwealth countries. Within this remit, 705 Squadron teaches basic handling, Instrument Flying, medium and low level navigation, night flying and basic captaincy.
In addition to pure flying training, 705 Squadron also provides a naval focus for naval officers operating within an otherwise joint service and largely civilian-run organisation. The squadron is commanded by a Royal Navy lieutenant commander, and has a Royal Navy "Senior Pilot", while the Flight Commander billets are filled in by Qualified Helicopter Instructors from any of the three services. Naval graduates of DHFS are streamed towards Merlin, Commando Sea King or Lynx training squadrons.
The squadron has flown a number of aircraft types since its formation, including:
- Blackburn Shark II/SP
- Fairey Swordfish I/SP & III
- Sikorsky Hoverfly I & II
- Saunders-Roe Skeeter
- Westland Dragonfly HR.1, HR.3 & HR.5
- Hiller HT.1 & HT.2
- Sikorsky S55
- Westland Whirlwind HAS.22, HAR.1, HAR.3 & HAS.7
- Westland Wasp HAS.1
- Westland Gazelle HT.2
- Eurocopter Squirrel
- "History of 705 NAS at the Royal Navy website". Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "705 squadron at the Helicopter History website". Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "Aerobatic Display Teams - 705 Squadron: The Sharks". Royal Navy Museum. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "705 NAS at the Royal Navy website". Retrieved 2010-02-04.
- "Squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm 2009". Fleet Air Arm Officers' Association. Retrieved 2010-02-04.