707th Airlift Squadron

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707th Airlift Squadron
707th Airlift Squadron - Emblem.png
707th Airlift Squadron - Emblem
Active 1943-1944; 1972-1992
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Airlift
Motto Rook's Defense
Engagements American Theater of World War II

The 707th Airlift Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force Reserve unit. It was last assigned to the 315th Military Airlift Wing at Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina. It was inactivated on 1 July 2000. The squadron was active during World War II as the 307th Troop Carrier Squadron a training unit that was part of the I Troop Carrier Command.

History[edit]

The 307th Troop Carrier Squadron was activated as an operational training unit (OTU) in March 1943 and served in this role until July 1943.[1] The OTU program involved the use of an oversized parent unit to provide cadres to “satellite groups”.[2] The 307th then served as a replacement training unit (RTU) for glider crews until April 1944.[1] RTUs were oversized units to train individual pilots or aircrews.[2]

However, the United States Army Air Forces found that standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were proving less well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly a more functional system was adopted in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit.[3] Accordingly the 307th was disbanded[1] and its mission, personnel, and equipment were absorbed by the 805th AAF Base Unit (Replacement Training Unit, Troop Carrier).

The 707th Airlift Squadron was activated at Charleston AFB, South Carolina in 1972 as an Air Force Reserve associate squadron. The squadron did not have aircraft assigned, but flew Lockheed C-141 Starlifter aircraft assigned to the regular United States Air Force 437th Military Airlift Wing (later 437th Airlift Wing). The squadron was inactivated in 2000 as part of the C-141 retirement.

Lineage[edit]

307th Troop Carrier Squadron

  • Constituted as the 307th Troop Carrier Squadron on 15 March 1943
Activated on 15 March 1943.
Disbanded on 14 April 1944.[1]
  • Reconstituted on 19 September 1985 and consolidated with the 707th Military Airlift Squadron as the 707th Military Airlift Squadron[4]

707th Airlift Squadron

  • Constituted as the 707th Military Airlift Squadron (Associate) on 13 August 1971 and allotted to the reserves.
Activated on 1 Oct 1972
  • Consolidated on 19 September 1985 with 307th Troop Carrier Squadron[4]
Redesignated 707th Airlift Squadron (Associate) on 1 February 1992
Redesignated 707th Airlift Squadron on 1 October 1994
Inactivated 1 July 2000.

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 372. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  2. ^ a b Craven, Wesley F & Cate, James L, ed. (1955). "Introduction". The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. p. xxxvi. LCCN 48-3657 Check |lccn= value (help). 
  3. ^ Goss, William A (1955). "The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F & Cate, James L. The Army Air Forces in World War II. Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48-3657 Check |lccn= value (help). 
  4. ^ a b Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 662q, 19 Sep 85, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Tactical Squadrons
  5. ^ Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. p. 90. ISBN 0-912799-53-6. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

Further Reading

  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat wings: Lineage and Honors Histories, 1947-1977. Washington, D.C.: Office of Air Force History, U.S. Air Force. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. 
  • Cantwell, Gerald T. (1997). Citizen Airmen: a History of the Air Force Reserve, 1946-1994. Washington, D.C.: Air Force History and Museums Program. ISBN 0-16049-269-6. 
  • Rogers, Brian (2005). US Air Force designations since 1978. Hinckley, England: Midland. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.