70th Academy Awards
|70th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 23, 1998|
Los Angeles, California, USA
|Director||Louis J. Horvitz|
|Most awards||Titanic (11)|
|Most nominations||Titanic (14)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 47 minutes|
35.32 (Nielsen ratings)
The 70th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 1997 in the United States and took place on March 23, 1998, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the sixth time. He first presided over the 62nd ceremony held in 1990, and he had hosted the previous year's ceremony.
Titanic won a record-tying eleven awards including Best Director for James Cameron and Best Picture. Other winners included As Good as It Gets, Good Will Hunting and L.A. Confidential with two awards, and Amazon, The Full Monty, Geri's Game, Karakter, The Long Way Home, Men in Black, and A Story of Healing with one. The telecast garnered more than 57 million viewers in the United States, making it the most watched telecast in history.
Winner and nominees
The nominees for the 70th Academy Awards were announced on January 27, 1998, at 5:38 a.m. PST (13:38 UTC) at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Rehme, president of the Academy, and the actress Geena Davis. Titanic received the most nominations with a record-tying fourteen (1950's All About Eve also achieved this distinction); Good Will Hunting and L.A. Confidential came in second with nine apiece.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 23, 1998. With eleven awards, Titanic tied with Ben-Hur as the most awarded films in Oscar history. It also became the first film to win Best Picture without a screenplay nomination since 1965's The Sound of Music. Best Actress winner Helen Hunt was the first performer to win an Oscar while concurrently starring in a television series; Jack Nicholson became the fourth performer to win at least three acting Oscars. Moreover, by virtue of Helen and Nicholson's wins, As Good as It Gets became the seventh film to score victories in both lead acting categories. Nominated for their performances as Rose DeWitt Bukater in Titanic Best Actress nominee Kate Winslet and Best Supporting Actress nominee Gloria Stuart became the first pair of actress nominated for portraying the same character in the same film. At age 87, Stuart also became the oldest performer nominated for a competitive Oscar.
Winners are listed first and highlighted with boldface
|Best Picture||Best Director|
|Best Actor||Best Actress|
|Best Supporting Actor||Best Supporting Actress|
|Best Original Screenplay||Best Adapted Screenplay|
|Best Foreign Language Film||Best Original Song|
|Best Documentary Feature||Best Documentary Short|
|Best Live Action Short||Best Animated Short|
|Best Original Dramatic Score||Best Original Musical or Comedy Score|
|Best Sound Editing||Best Sound Mixing|
|Best Art Direction - Set Decoration||Best Cinematography|
|Best Makeup||Best Costume Design|
|Best Film Editing||Best Visual Effects|
Academy Honorary Award
Multiple nominations and awards
The following 16 films received multiple nominations:
The following four films received multiple awards:
Presented by Whoopi Goldberg. The Academy takes a special moment to remember those involved with motion pictures that died in the previous year. Those that were featured: Lloyd Bridges, Richard Jaeckel, composer Saul Chaplin, cinematographer Stanley Cortez, William Hickey, screenwriter Paul Jarrico, screenwriter Dorothy Kingsley, hairstylist Sydney Guilaroff, editor William H. Reynolds, Billie Dove, oceanographic filmmaker Jacques Cousteau, Stubby Kaye, Red Skelton, producer Dawn Steel, Toshiro Mifune, Brian Keith, Chris Farley, executive Leo Jaffe, director Samuel Fuller, Burgess Meredith, J. T. Walsh, Robert Mitchum and James Stewart.
- Upon his winning of Best Actor, Jack Nicholson thanked to his longtime friend which also nominated. He said "...And i'm honored to be on any list with you, Bobby, Dusty, and you and your father, Mr. Damon, and my old bike pal, Fonda."
- Titanic became not only the first film to receive a record-breaking 14 Academy Award nominations since All About Eve in over 47 years, but also the first film in over 38 years to win a record-breaking 11 Academy Awards since Ben-Hur. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King would later, in five years time, join with Ben-Hur and Titanic to share the record of 11 Oscar wins.
- As a celebration of 70 years of Oscar, the Academy showed clips of all the films that won Best Picture in the past 70 years. The Academy also invited 70 Oscar winning actors and the camera went face to face announcing the actor or actress and the film they won the Oscar for and the year as well.
- Mike Myers introduced a montage of film clips featuring animal actors. The final clip of the montage was a growling shot of Bart the Bear (a large kodiak bear) from the film The Edge. A curtain then rose to reveal Bart on stage, wearing a bow tie and holding a wooden "envelope", which Myers was to retrieve from the bear before presenting the next award. Returning to the microphone, Myers quipped "I just soiled myself."
- Anastasia became the first non-Disney animated motion picture to receive more Academy Award nominations than a Disney animated motion picture (Hercules), especially during the height of the Disney Renaissance in the 90s.
- Fay Wray made a special guest appearance. Billy Crystal introduced a short clip of her work in King Kong and then moved off the stage. When the lights came back up, he was standing next to Wray in the audience and described her as "the beauty who charmed the beast" and the "legendary Fay Wray". A surprised Wray rose from her seat to instantaneous rapturous applause, which included reaction shots of Sean Connery, Michael Caine, Red Buttons and Martin Landau. Interestingly, she happened to be sitting immediately in front of James Cameron and he can be seen in most of the shots of her. It was her last ever appearance at the Academy Awards show.
- Aaliyah performed "Journey to the Past" from the motion picture Anastasia. At 19 years old, she became the youngest female recording artist to perform at the Oscars.
- Director James Cameron, after winning the Academy Award for Best Picture for Titanic, asked for a moment of silence from the audience to honor the 1,517 people who died in the sinking.
- Ben Affleck and Matt Damon (Presenters: Short Subjects Awards)
- Alec Baldwin (Presenter: L.A. Confidential Film Clip)
- Antonio Banderas (Presenter: Best Original Dramatic Score)
- Drew Barrymore (Presenter: Best Makeup)
- Warren Beatty (Presenter: Best Director)
- Neve Campbell (Presenter: Aaliyah and Michael Bolton Performances)
- Sean Connery (Presenter: Best Picture)
- Geena Davis (Presenter: The Full Monty Film Clip)
- Robert De Niro (Presenter: Best Documentary Feature)
- Cameron Diaz (Presenter: Best Sound)
- Matt Dillon (Presenter: Good Will Hunting Film Clip)
- Cuba Gooding, Jr. (Presenter: Best Supporting Actress)
- Dustin Hoffman (Presenter: 70 Years of Oscar Montage)
- Djimon Hounsou (Presenter: Best Documentary Short Subject)
- Helen Hunt (Presenter: Best Visual Effects)
- Samuel L. Jackson (Presenter: Best Film Editing)
- Ashley Judd (Presenter: Scientific & Technical Awards)
- Jack Lemmon and Walter Matthau (Presenters: Writing Awards)
- Jennifer Lopez (Presenter: Best Original Musical or Comedy Score)
- Madonna (Presenter: Best Original Song; Trisha Yearwood, Eliott Smith and Celine Dion Performances)
- Frances McDormand (Presenter: Best Actor)
- Geoffrey Rush (Presenter: Best Actress)
- Meg Ryan (Presenter: Best Art Direction)
- Martin Scorsese (Presenter: Honorary Award to Stanley Donen)
- Elisabeth Shue (Presenter: Best Costume Design)
- Mike Myers (Presenter: Best Sound Effects Editing)
- Susan Sarandon (Presenter: "The Oscar Family Album")
- Arnold Schwarzenegger (Presenter: Titanic Film Clip)
- Mira Sorvino (Presenter: Best Supporting Actor)
- Sharon Stone (Presenter: Best Foreign Language Film)
- Denzel Washington (Presenter: Best Cinematography)
- Sigourney Weaver (Presenter: As Good as It Gets Film Clip)
|Bill Conti||Musical Arranger and Conductor||Orchestral|
|Billy Crystal||Host||Opening number|
|Michael Bolton||Performer||"Go the Distance" from Hercules|
|Aaliyah||Performer||"Journey to the Past" from Anastasia|
|Trisha Yearwood||Performer||"How Do I Live" from Con Air|
|Elliott Smith||Performer||"Miss Misery" from Good Will Hunting|
|Celine Dion||Performers||"My Heart Will Go On" from Titanic|
Box office performance of Best Picture nominees
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 10, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees was $579 million with an average of $116 million per film. Titanic was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $338.7 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by As Good as It Gets ($92.6 million), Good Will Hunting ($68.9 million), L.A. Confidential ($39.7 million), and finally The Full Monty ($38.7 million).
Among the rest of the top 50 releases of 1997 in U.S. box office before the nominations, 39 nominations went to 15 films on the list. Only Titanic (1st), As Good as It Gets (15th), Good Will Hunting (20th), and In & Out (24th) were nominated for directing, acting, screenwriting, or Best Picture.
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 57.25 million people over its length, which was a 29% increase from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 87.50 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The show also earned higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 35.32% of households watching over a 55.77 share. In addition, it garnered a higher 18–49 demo rating with a 24.90 rating over a 44.30 share among viewers in that demographic. It was the highest viewership for an Academy Award telecast since figures were compiled beginning with the 45th ceremony in 1973.
In July 1998, the ceremony presentation received eight nominations at the 50th Primetime Emmys. Two months later, the ceremony won five of those nominations for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program (Billy Crystal), Outstanding Directing for a Variety OR Music Program (Louis J Horvitz), Outstanding Lighting Direction (Electronic) for a Drama Series, Variety Series, Miniseries, or Movie (Bob Barnhart, Robert Dickinson, Matt Ford, Andy O'Reilly), Outstanding Music Direction (Bill Conti), and Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Variety Series or Special (Patrick Baltzell, Robert Douglass, Edward J. Greene, Tommy Vicari).
- 4th Screen Actors Guild Awards
- 18th Golden Raspberry Awards
- 40th Grammy Awards
- 50th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 51st British Academy Film Awards
- 52nd Tony Awards
- 55th Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 70th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
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- Osborne 2008, p. 337
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- "`Titanic' lands 14 Oscar nominations; ties 1950 record". U-T San Diego (MLIM Holdings). February 11, 1998. p. A-3.
- "Nominees & Winners for the 70th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- Rickey, Carrie (March 24, 1998). "`Titanic' Ties Record With 11 Oscars; `Good As It Gets' Takes Acting Honors". The Philadelphia Inquirer (Philadelphia Media Network). Retrieved November 1, 2013.
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- Glaister, Dan (March 25, 1998). "Titanic sinks British Oscar hopes". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). p. 5.
- Symons 2004, p. 138
- Germain, David (September 27, 2010). "Gloria Stuart, 'Titanic' co-star, dies at 100". The Seattle Times (The Seattle Times Company). Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- Scott, Andrew (September 27, 2010). "Gloria Stuart, Star of 'Titanic,' Dead at 100". Moviefone (AOL). Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "The 70th Academy Awards (1998) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. AMPAS. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
- Anderson, John (March 25, 1998). "Stanley Donen: Just Dancin' and Singin' of His Reign". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- Aaliyah (I) IMDB Retrieved 2010-1-1
- Singer Aaliyah, Eight Others Die In Plane Crash In Bahamas BNET Retrieved 2010-1-1
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- "1997 Domestic Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Crupi, Anthony (February 6, 2013). "ABC Strikes Gold With the Oscars". Adweek (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "Academy Awards ratings" (PDF). Television Bureau of Advertising. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- Haberman, Lia (March 24, 2003). "Oscar Ratings Hurt by War". E! (NBCUniversal). Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "Primetime Emmy Award database". Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS). Retrieved November 1, 2013.
- "The Emmy Winners Announced on Saturday". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). August 31, 1998. Retrieved November 1, 2013.
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- Osborne, Robert (2008). 80 Years of the Oscar: The Complete History of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Abbeville Publishing Group. ISBN 0-7892-0992-6.
- Symons, Mitchell (2004), That Book ...of Perfectly Useless Information, New York, United States: HarperCollins, ISBN 978-0-06-073254-7
- Official websites
- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Video Highlights
- Other resources