70th United States Congress

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70th United States Congress
USCapitol1906.jpg
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1927 – March 4, 1929

Senate President: Charles G. Dawes
Senate Pres. pro tem: George H. Moses
House Speaker: Nicholas Longworth
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 5, 1927 – May 29, 1928
2nd: December 3, 1928 – March 3, 1929
<69th 71st>

The Seventieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1927 to March 4, 1929, during the last two years of Calvin Coolidge's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

President of the Senate
Charles G. Dawes
Speaker of the House
Nicholas Longworth

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate composition, by party

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

TOTAL members: 96

House of Representatives[edit]

TOTAL members: 435

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

President pro tempore
George H. Moses

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1928; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members are preceded by their districts.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • Replacements: 6
    • Democratic: 1 seat net loss
    • Republican: 1 seat net gain
  • Deaths: 4
  • Resignations: 3
  • Interim appointments: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 7
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Illinois
(3)
Vacant Rep.-elect Frank L. Smith not permitted to qualify Otis F. Glenn (R) December 3, 1928
New Mexico
(1)
Andrieus A. Jones (D) Died December 20, 1927 Bronson M. Cutting (R) December 29, 1927
Michigan
(1)
Woodbridge N. Ferris (D) Died March 23, 1928 Arthur H. Vandenberg (R) March 31, 1928
Ohio
(3)
Frank B. Willis (R) Died March 30, 1928.
Successor was appointed to serve until the next election.
Cyrus Locher (D) April 4, 1928
Idaho
(3)
Frank R. Gooding (R) Died June 24, 1928. John W. Thomas (R) June 30, 1928
New Mexico
(1)
Bronson M. Cutting (R) Successor was elected November 6, 1928. Resigned December 6, 1928 Octaviano A. Larrazolo (R) December 7, 1928
Delaware
(2)
T. Coleman du Pont (R) Resigned December 9, 1928. Daniel O. Hastings (R) December 10, 1928
Ohio
(3)
Cyrus Locher (D) Unsuccessful candidate for full term. Successor was elected November 6, 1928. Resigned December 14, 1928 Theodore E. Burton (R) December 15, 1928
Kansas
(3)
Charles Curtis (R) Resigned March 4, 1929 before becoming Vice-President
Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Vacant

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Replacements: 15
    • Democratic: 1 seat net gain
    • Republican: 1 seat net loss
  • Deaths: 16
  • Resignations: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 22

Officers[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]