713 series

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713 series
JR Kyushu 713 series set D901.jpg
Reliveried set LK901
In service February 1984–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Tokyu Car
Constructed 1983
Refurbishment 1996, 2008-2010
Number built 8 vehicles (4 sets)
Number in service 8 vehicles (4 sets)
Formation 2 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers LK1–4
Operator JR Kyushu
Depot(s) Kagoshima
Line(s) served Nippo Main Line
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Car length 20,000 mm (65 ft 7 in)
Width 2,946 mm (9 ft 8 in)
Doors 2 pairs per side
Maximum speed 100 km/h (60 mph)
Electric system(s) 20 kV AC 60 Hz
Current collection method Overhead catenary
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 713 series (713系?) is a Japanese AC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type first introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1984 and later operated on local services by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu).[1][2] As of 1 October 2012, all four of the 2-car sets are still in active service.[3]

Operations[edit]

Based at Kagoshima Depot, the fleet of four 2-car 713 series trains are used on Nippo Main Line services.[3]

Formations[edit]

The 2-car sets, numbered LK1 to LK4, are formed as follows.[3]

Designation Mc T'c
Numbering KuMoHa 713 KuHa 712

The KuMoHa 713 car is fitted with one PS101D lozenge-type pantograph.[3]

External livery[edit]

When delivered, the trains were originally painted in cream ("Cream No. 1") with green ("Green No. 14") bodyside bands, matching the 715 series EMUs.[4] Between 1986 and 1987, the sets were repainted in the standard Kyushu livery of white with blue bodyside bands.[2]

In 1996, the fleet underwent refurbishment and was repainted in a bright red "Sunshine" livery with blue doors.[2]

History[edit]

The 713 series sets were delivered from July 1983, built by Hitachi and Tokyu Car Corporation, and becoming the first AC-only EMUs to operate in Kyushu.[2] They entered service from the start of the February 1984 timetable revision, operating on the Nagasaki Main Line and Sasebo Line, and based at Minami-Fukuoka Depot.[2][4] Because of their somewhat experimental nature, the cars were originally numbered in the KuMoHa 713-900 and KuHa 712-900 series.[4]

Coinciding with the opening of the Miyazaki Airport Line on 18 July 1996, the fleet underwent extensive refurbishment and were transferred from Minami-Fukuoka Depot to Kagoshima.[2] Internally, the fixed transverse seating bays were replaced with pairs of new reclining seats which could be rotated to face the direction of travel.[2] Externally, sets received a new bright red "Sunshine" livery with blue doors.[2]

The fleet underwent further modifications to allow the sets to work on wanman driver-only operation services commencing from October 2003.[2]

Between 2008 and 2010, the fleet underwent a second life-extension refurbishment programme, primarily designed to standardize the electrical equipment built by different manufacturers. At the same time, the individual cars were renumbered from the -900 subseries to the -0 subseries, and the sets were renumbered LK1 to LK4.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. p. 309. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Saka, Masahiro (February 2013). "JR九州近郊型電車の現況" [The current state of JR Kyushu outer-suburban EMUs]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 42 (346): p.14–31. 
  3. ^ a b c d JR電車編成表 2013冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2013]. Japan: JRR. November 2012. p. 230. ISBN 978-4-330-33112-6. 
  4. ^ a b c 国鉄電車編成表1985年版 [JNR EMU Formations - 1985]. Japan: JRR. October 2010. p. 83. ISBN 978-4-330-17610-9.