756th Tank Battalion (United States)

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756th Tank Battalion
US-tanks-korea.jpg
Pershing and Sherman tanks of the 73rd Heavy Tank Battalion at the Pusan Docks, Korea
Active 1941 – 49; 1949 – 96
Country  United States
Branch  United States Army
Part of Independent unit
Equipment M4 Sherman
Insignia
Identification
symbol
73rd Cavalry DUI.jpg

The 756th Tank Battalion was a tank battalion of the United States Army active during the Second World War and, as the 73rd Tank Battalion, during the early Cold War. It was later redesignated as the 73rd Armor Regiment, and is perpetuated today by the 73rd Cavalry Regiment.

World War II[edit]

It was formed in 1941 as a light tank battalion, originally as the 76th Tank Battalion and renumbered in May.[1] It first saw combat in 1943, when it deployed to North Africa on 24 January and then into Italy following the Salerno landings on 17 September.[2]

In 1944, two companies of the battalion were re-equipped with DD tanks, specialised M4 Shermans designed for amphibious landings. On 15 August, it landed near St. Tropez as part of Operation Dragoon, attached to the 3rd Infantry Division, and pushed north through France along the Rhone Valley. The division went into defensive positions on the Rhine after reaching Strasbourg on 26 November, and saw heavy fighting early in 1945 during the clearing of the Colmar Pocket. It crossed the Rhine on 26 March, where its DD tanks were used as part of an amphibious assault, and then pushed into southern Germany with the 3rd Infantry. The battalion ended the war near Salzburg, in Austria.[3]

Two officers of the battalion were awarded the Medal of Honor; Second Lieutenant Raymond Zussman and Second Lieutenant James L. Harris, both posthumously.

Cold War[edit]

The battalion was briefly inactivated in 1946 before being reformed as a heavy tank battalion, and in 1949 was renumbered the 73rd Heavy Tank Battalion, under which name it served in the Korean War; it would later be redesignated the 73rd Armor Regiment and finally disbanded in 1996.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 3rd Battalion, 73rd Armor Regiment
  2. ^ Tank Battalion Histories
  3. ^ Tank Battalion Histories
  4. ^ 3rd Battalion, 73rd Armor Regiment

External links[edit]