|Centuries:||7th century – 8th century – 9th century|
|Decades:||710s 720s 730s – 740s – 750s 760s 770s|
|Years:||738 739 740 – 741 – 742 743 744|
|741 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1494|
|Bahá'í calendar||−1103 – −1102|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
3437 or 3377
— to —
辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
3438 or 3378
|- Vikram Samvat||797–798|
|- Shaka Samvat||663–664|
|- Kali Yuga||3842–3843|
|Igbo calendar||−259 – −258|
|Japanese calendar||Tenpyō 13
|Minguo calendar||1171 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1284|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 741.|
Year 741 (DCCXLI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 741 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Carloman, Pippin the Short and Grifo succeed their father Charles Martel as Mayor of the Palace.
- The York Minster Church is burned.
- John Fabriaco is appointed Roman consul and magister militum
- June 18 – Constantine V succeeds Leo III as emperor of the Byzantine Empire.
- In 741 and 744, documents in the archives of St. Gallen Abbey describe the village of Kempraten as Centoprato, another document in 863 as Centiprata, inspired by the Latin name Centum Prata.
- A nunnery given by the Alamannic noblewoman Beata on Lützelau island is first mentioned. In 744, the nunnery was sold to Einsiedeln Abbey.
- Ufenau island in Switzerland is first mentioned in 741 as "Hupinauia", and in 744 as "Ubinauvia".
- A fourth expedition sent from Syria by the Umayyad caliphate to crush the rebellion in the Atlas region is defeated in the plain of the Ghrab (nowadays Morocco). The counter-attack of the Kharijite rebels to the East is successful but fails to conquer Kairouan from the loyalists. A more radical branch of the Tunisian Kharijites, the Sofrists, however manages to take the city soon after.
- Japanese authorities decree that Buddhist temples should be established throughout the country.
- December 10 – Pope Zachary succeeds Pope Gregory III as the 91st pope.
- June 18 – Leo III the Isaurian, Byzantine Emperor (b. 685)
- October 22 – Charles Martel (b. 688), major domus (i.e., Mayor of the Palace) of the Franks; succeeded by his son Pepin the Short (714–768)
- November 29 – Pope Gregory III
- December 5 – Adalbert, Duke Of Alsace
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.25.