|Centuries:||7th century – 8th century – 9th century|
|Decades:||710s 720s 730s – 740s – 750s 760s 770s|
|Years:||741 742 743 – 744 – 745 746 747|
|744 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1497|
|Bahá'í calendar||-1100 – -1099|
|English Regnal year||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||癸未年 (Water Goat)
3440 or 3380
— to —
甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
3441 or 3381
|- Vikram Samvat||800–801|
|- Shaka Samvat||666–667|
|- Kali Yuga||3845–3846|
|Igbo calendar||-256 – -255|
|Japanese calendar||Tenpyō 16
|Minguo calendar||1168 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1287|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 744.|
Year 744 (DCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The denomination 744 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- February – Hildeprand succeeds Liutprand as king of the Lombards.
- October – Ratchis succeeds Hildeprand as king of the Lombards.
- In 741 and 744, documents in the archives of St. Gallen Abbey describe the village of Kempraten as Centoprato, another document in 863 as Centiprata, inspired by the Latin name Centum Prata.
- A nunnery given by the Alamannic noblewoman Beata on Lützelau island is first mentioned in 741. In 744, the nunnery was sold to Einsiedeln Abbey.
- Ufenau island in Switzerland is first mentioned in 741 as "Hupinauia", and in 744 as "Ubinauvia".
- Chinese poet Li Po meets Du Fu for the first time.
- Umayyad caliph al-Walid II dies and is succeeded by his brother Yazid III, who dies shortly after. Rebellion of Marwan II against Yazid's designated successor Ibrahim, defeat of the loyalist forces under Sulayman ibn Hisham and accession of Marwan in December.
- Turkish subjects like Uyghur, Karluk and Basmyl who are not the members of Ashina clan stage a coup. End of Turkish Empire and Ashina clan. (except in Khazaria)
- The Synod of Soissons meets at the instigation of Pippin, and Boniface, the Pope's missionary to pagan Germany, secures the condemnation of Frankish bishop Adalbert and Irish missionary Clement.
- March 3 – Abel becomes archbishop of Reims.
- Theophylact succeeds Stephen IV as Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch.
- Saint Sturm establishes the monastery of Fulda. (or 742?)
- Salih ibn Tarif proclaims himself a prophet among the Berghouata of Morocco.
- February – Liutprand, king of the Lombards
- April 16 – al-Walid II ibn Abd al-Malik, Umayyad caliph
- August – Hildeprand, king of the Lombards
- October 3 or October 4 – Yazid III, Umayyad Caliph (b. 701)
- Kül-chor, khagan of the Turgesh
- Stephen IV, Patriarch of Antioch
- He Zhizhang
- Ozmish Khan of the Göktürks