74th Street (Manhattan)

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Coordinates: 40°46′13″N 73°57′27″W / 40.770239°N 73.957393°W / 40.770239; -73.957393

74th Street
Postal code 10021, 10023
Location Manhattan, New York

74th Street is an east-west street, in the borough of Manhattan, in New York City. It runs through the neighborhoods of the Upper East Side (where it is known as East 74th Street) and the Upper West Side (where it is known as West 74th Street), on either side of Central Park. The street only carries pedestrian traffic and eastbound automotive/bicycle traffic.

History[edit]

In 1639, Colony's Sawmill stood at the corner of East 74th Street and Second Avenue, in the Dutch village of New Amsterdam, at which African laborers cut lumber.[1][2]

In 1664, the British took over Manhattan and the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam from the Dutch. English colonial Governor Richard Nicolls made 74th Street, beginning at the East River, the southern border patent line (which was called the "Harlem Line") of the village of Nieuw Haarlem (later, the village of Harlem); the British also renamed the village "Lancaster".[3][4][5][6]

That same year Jan van Bonnel built a saw mill on East 74th Street and the East River, where a 13,710-meter long creek or stream that began in the north of today’s Central Park, which became known as the Saw Kill or Saw Kill Creek, emptied into the river.[7][8][9][10][11] Later owners of the property George Elphinstone and Abraham Shotwell replaced the sawmill with a leather mill in 1677.[7][12] The Saw Kill Bridge was built, and since at least 1806 was known as "The Kissing Bridge" because its surrounding beautiful landscape and seclusion made it a favorite spot to kiss in 18th and 19th century Manhattan.[7]

East 74th Street between Fourth Avenue (now Park Avenue) and Fifth Avenue was the northern boundary of a 30-acre (120,000 m2) farm known as the "Lenox Farm" created by pieces of land that Robert Lenox purchased in 1818; the area later became known as Lenox Hill.[13] Harlem remained a small village until after the Civil War.[6]

Frederick Ambrose Clark developed a good portion of West 74th Street in 1902–04.[14]

In 1938, an open air market on East 74th Street, east of Second Avenue, was supplanted with an enclosed market.[15]

Transportation[edit]

The closest subway stops for East 74th Street on the Upper East Side are the 68th and 77th Street stations (6 <6> trains during the day and 4 6 trains during the night) of the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. The 72nd Street station on Second Avenue is a planned station that is under construction, as part of the new Second Avenue Subway, and is scheduled to open in December 2016 on the Q train.[16]

The closest subway stops for West 74th Street on the Upper West Side are the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line (1 2 3 trains) that run along Broadway making stops at 72nd and 79th Streets,[17] and the IND Eighth Avenue Line (A B C trains) that run along Central Park West stopping at 72nd and 81st Streets.

Notable places[edit]

East Side[edit]

Central Park[edit]

West Side[edit]

  • The Langham, 135 Central Park West between West 73rd Street and West 74th Streets, 1907 apartment building in the French Second Empire style.
  • The San Remo, 145 and 146 Central Park West between West 74th Street and West 75th Street, luxury 27-floor co-operative apartment building.
  • Calhoun School, at 160 West 74th Street, independent, coeducational college preparatory school founded in 1896.
  • De La Salle Institute, at 160–62 West 74th Street, former Catholic Church school for boys.
  • Levain Bakery, at 167 West 74th Street.
  • The Ansonia, at 2109 Broadway between West 73rd and West 74th Streets, 1899 building originally built as a hotel.
  • The Beacon Theatre, at 2124 Broadway at West 74th Street, a 2,894-seat, three-tiered theatre built in 1929.

Notable residents[edit]

East Side[edit]

West Side[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael T. Martin, Marilyn Yaquinto (2007). Redress for Historical Injustices in the United States: On Reparations for Slavery, Jim Crow, and Their Legacies. Duke University Press. p. [page needed]. 
  2. ^ Howard Dodson, Christopher Moore, Roberta Yancy, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture (2000). The Black New Yorkers: the Schomburg illustrated chronology. John Wiley. p. [page needed]. 
  3. ^ Elliot Willensky and Fran Leadon (2010). AIA Guide to New York City. Oxford University Press. p. [page needed]. 
  4. ^ Eric K. Washington (2012). Manhattanville: Old Heart of West Harlem. Arcadia Publishing. p. [page needed]. 
  5. ^ James Renner (2007). Washington Heights, Inwood, and Marble Hill. Arcadia Publishing. p. [page needed]. 
  6. ^ a b "Mount Morris Bank Building". Landmarks Preservation Committee. January 5, 1993. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c "The saw-kill and the making of dutch colonial Manhattan: Sawkill Lumber Co". Sawkil.com. Retrieved April 14, 2013. 
  8. ^ Arthur Bunyan Caldwell (1882). The History of Harlem: An Historical Narrative Delivered at Harlem Music Hall, April 24th, 1882: a Lecture. Small Talk Publishing Company. p. [page needed]. 
  9. ^ Social studies. 1962. p. [page needed]. 
  10. ^ Carl Horton Pierce, William Pennington Toler, Harmon De Pau Nutting (1903). New Harlem Past and Present: The Story of an Amazing Civic Wrong, Now at Last to be Righted. New Harlem Publishing Company. p. [page needed]. 
  11. ^ History and commerce of New York, 1891. American Publishing and Engraving Co. 1891. p. [page needed]. 
  12. ^ Anthony Lofaso (2010). Origins and History of the Village of Yorkville in the City of New York. p. [page needed]. 
  13. ^ Kenneth T. Jackson, Lisa Keller, Nancy Flood (2010). The Encyclopedia of New York City: Second Edition. Yale University Press. p. [page needed]. 
  14. ^ Andrew S. Dolkart (2008). Guide to New York City Landmarks. John Wiley & Son. p. [page needed]. 
  15. ^ New York (N.Y.). City Planning Commission (1938). Major Reports of the City Planning Commission. p. [page needed]. 
  16. ^ Peter Donohue (January 30, 2013). "Second Ave. subway on track to open in 2016: MTA". NY Daily News. Retrieved April 13, 2013. 
  17. ^ "info". mta.info. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  18. ^ "20-STORY BUILDING ON 5TH AVE. SOLD – Uris Disposes of 74th Street Corner-$650,000 Holding on E. 46th Changes Hands Second Ave. Corner Bought Deal on East 75th Street Madison Ave. Building Sold 2 Apartments Change Hands". New York Times. January 30, 1957. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  19. ^ "CONSULATE GENERAL OF FRANCE ANNEX, NEW YORK, 10 EAST 74TH STREET". Cylex-usa.com. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  20. ^ Caravaggio | Manhattan | Restaurant Menus and Reviews. Zagat. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  21. ^ Taylor & Francis Group (2004). Europa World Year. Taylor & Francis. p. [page needed]. 
  22. ^ a b c Elliot Willensky and Fran Leadon (2010). AIA Guide to New York City. Oxford University Press. p. [page needed]. 
  23. ^ "Music & Dance". New York Magazine:[page needed]. May 17, 1982. 
  24. ^ J.G. Melon | Manhattan | Restaurant Menus and Reviews. Zagat. 2013. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  25. ^ Construction of the 74th Street Power Station, nycblog.org
  26. ^ Jack R. Finnegan (2007). Newcomer's Handbook For Moving to and Living in New York City: Including Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens, Staten Island, and Northern New Jersey. First Books. p. [page needed]. 
  27. ^ "The Official Website of Central Park". centralparknyc.org. Retrieved April 11, 2013. 
  28. ^ Edward Klein (1997). All Too Human: The Love Story of Jack and Jackie Kennedy. Simon and Schuster. p. [page needed]. 
  29. ^ a b Kiley Armstrong (August 1, 1986). "Maps Now Help Fans Swoon Near Stars' New York Homes". Apnewsarchive.com. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  30. ^ a b Tracie Rozhon (November 16, 2000). "BIG DEAL; An Old Chagall Haunt, Repainted". New York Times. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  31. ^ Belinda Rathbone (2000). Walker Evans: A Biography. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. [page needed]. 
  32. ^ "page 9". Atchison Daily Globe. March 10, 1957. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  33. ^ Kenneth Goldsmith (2004). I'll Be Your Mirror: The Selected Andy Warhol Interviews: 1962–1987. Da Capo Press. p. [page needed]. 
  34. ^ a b c James Malanowski (July 17, 1959). Dead & Famous; Where the Grim Reaper has Walked in New York. Spy. p. [page needed]. 
  35. ^ "Manhattan real estate news, data and statistics, home sales and real estate listings | Manhattan". Manhattan.blockshopper.com. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  36. ^ Emily W. Leider (2011). Myrna Loy: The Only Good Girl in Hollywood. University of California Press. p. [page needed]. 
  37. ^ Sara Polsky (March 28, 2013). "Andrew Madoff; Where Financial Fraudsters Have Lived in New York City". Curbed NY. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  38. ^ Vanity Fair, Graydon Carter (2010). The Great Hangover: 21 Tales of the New Recession from the Pages of Vanity Fair. HarperCollins. p. [page needed]. 
  39. ^ John H. Davis (1998). Jacqueline Bouvier: An Intimate Memoir. John Wiley & Sons. p. [page needed]. 
  40. ^ Stephen Birmingham (1979). Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis. Pocket Books. p. [page needed]. 
  41. ^ Sarah Bradford (2001). America's Queen: The Life of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis. Penguin. p. [page needed]. 
  42. ^ "The Real Estalker: Another $95 Million Manhattan Spread Up for Grabs". Realestalker.blogspot.com. September 24, 2012. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  43. ^ Sara Polsky (March 28, 2013). "Where Financial Fraudsters Have Lived in New York City – Scandalous Real Estate". Curbed NY. Retrieved April 10, 2013. 
  44. ^ a b Edwin Diamond (1995). Behind the Times: Inside the New New York Times. University of Chicago Press. p. [page needed]. 
  45. ^ New York: the movie lover's guide: the ultimate insider tour of movie New York, Richard Alleman, Random House, Inc., 2005, p. 188
  46. ^ Kelly, Kate (July 25, 1999). "Woody Allen's Fifth Avenue Co-op Up for Grabs for $15 Million". New York Observer.
  47. ^ "Jean Xceron Dies Here at 77 - Pioneer in Nonobjective Art - Acclaimed in Paris in 1931 at First Show On Staff of Guggenheim Museum". New York Times. June 10, 2012. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 

External links[edit]