750s

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries: 7th century8th century9th century
Decades: 720s 730s 740s750s760s 770s 780s
Years: 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759
Categories: BirthsDeathsArchitecture
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

This is a list of events occurring in the 750s, ordered by year.

750[edit]

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Arabian Empire[edit]

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751[edit]

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Byzantine Empire[edit]

Europe[edit]

Arabian Empire[edit]

  • Battle of Talas: First recorded encounter (and the last) between Arab and Chinese forces. The rulers of Tashkent and Ferghana are both nominal vassals of the Tang Dynasty; the Chinese have intervened on behalf of Ferghana in a conflict between the two, the Abbasid Caliphate competing with the Chinese for control of Central Asia have become involved. Arab forces from Samarkand have marched to challenge a Chinese army (30,000 men) under Gao Xianzhi. Gao has had a series of military victories in the region, but his Turkish contingent, Karluk mercenaries, defects. Out of 10,000 Tang troops, only 2,000 manage to return from the Talas River to China. The Arabs triumph, and they will remain the dominant force in Transoxiana for the next 150 years.
  • Muslim introduction of papermaking: The first paper mill in the Islamic world begins production at Samarkand. From captured craftsmen taken at the Battle of Talas River have by some accounts revealed the technique of papermaking (although paper may have arrived from China much earlier via the Silk Road). Arab scholars will use paper to produce translations of Ancient Greek and Roman writings.

Asia[edit]

  • Like the storm of 721, the storm of this year at the southern Chinese seaport of Yangzhou reportedly destroys over 1,000 ships engaged in canal and river traffic (approximate date).
  • The Japanese poetry anthology Kaifūsō is assembled.

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Religion[edit]

752[edit]

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Mesoamerica[edit]

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753[edit]

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Europe[edit]

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754[edit]

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Arabian Empire[edit]

Asia[edit]

  • Jianzhen, Chinese Buddhist monk, arrives in Nara where he is welcomed by former emperor Shōmu and empress Kōmyō. During his visit Jianzhen introduces sugar to the Japanese court, using it to mask the flavors of foul-tasting herbal tea.
  • A Tang census shows that 75% of the Chinese live north of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze) River. The capital of Chang'an has a population of 2 million and more than 25 other cities have well over 500,000 citizens (approximate date).

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Religion[edit]

755[edit]

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756[edit]

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Byzantine Empire[edit]

Europe[edit]

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China[edit]

  • January – An Lushan Rebellion: The Chinese eastern capital of Luoyang falls to the 200,000 army of the rebel general An Lushan, who defeats loyalist forces under Feng Changqing. The rebels cross the Yellow River, and march on to capture the cities Chenliu and Yingyang (modern Zhengzhou, Henan).
  • Battle of Yongqiu: A Tang garrison (2,000 men) under Zhang Xun, successfully defends their fortress against the rebel army at Yongqiu. Zang achieves a victory after a 4-month siege and prevents the rebels to capture the fertile Tang territory south of the Huai River.
  • February 5 – An Lushan declares himself emperor at Luoyang, establishing a new empire, called the Great Yan. He pushes on towards the primary Tang capital at Chang'an (now Xi'an). An decides to seize southern China, to cut off loyalist reinforcements. Meanwhile, numerous soldiers join the rebellion.
  • May – Emperor Xuan Zong hires 4,000 Muslim mercenaries to help defend Chang'an against the rebels. Loyalist forces take defensible positions in the mountain passes, but chancellor Yang Guozhong give orders to leave their posts. An Lushan crushes the Tang troops, leaving the capital wide open.
  • July 14 – Xuan Zong flees along with the imperial court the capital of Chang'an for Sichuan as rebel forces advance through the Tongguan pass toward the city. Meanwhile, An Lushan is ailing, perhaps with diabetes. He is nearly blind and suffers from extreme irascibility.
  • July 15 – Xuan Zong is ordered by his Imperial Guards to execute Yang Guozhong by forcing him to commit suicide or face a mutiny. He permits his consort Yang Guifei to be strangled by his chief eunuch. An Lushan has also other members of the emperor's family killed.
  • August 12 – Xuan Zong abdicates the throne after a 44-year reign. He is succeeded by his son Su Zong as emperor of the Tang Dynasty. He hires 22,000 Muslim mercenaries to reinforce his decimated army at Lingzhou.

Japan[edit]

757[edit]

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China[edit]

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Catastrophe[edit]

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758[edit]

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Asia[edit]

  • An Lushan Rebellion: The Chinese seaport of Guangzhou is sacked by Muslim and Persian raiders. The port is shut down for the next 5 decades while foreign vessels dock at Hanoi (modern vietnam) instead. Guangzhou thrives again once it is reopened to foreign trade in the early 9th century.
  • June – Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks arrive simultaneously at the Tang capital of Chang'an, in order to offer tribute to the imperial court. The Arabs and Turks bicker and fight over diplomatic prominence at the gate, to present tribute before the other. A settlement is reached when both are allowed to enter at the same time, but through different gates to the palace.
  • Empress Kōken abdicates the throne after a 9-year reign. She is succeeded by her adopted son Junnin, grandson of the late emperor Tenmu. He becomes the 47th emperor (tennō) of Japan.

759[edit]

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Significant people[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ David Nicolle (2009). The Great Islamic Conquests 632–750 AD, p. 79. ISBN 978-1-84603-273-8
  2. ^ Higham, pp. 148–149; Kirby, p. 150; York, Kings, p. 89
  3. ^ Stringer, Keith (1998). Alexander, Grant, ed. Medieval Scotland. Columbia University Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-7486-1110-2. 
  4. ^ Pierre Riché, The Carolingians: A Family Who Forged Europe (Philadelphia, 1993), p. 65.
  5. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 34–37. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  6. ^ Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 42. ISBN 88-8289-529-7. 
  7. ^ Kazhdan (1991), p. 1600
  8. ^ Greenfield, Stanley Brian (1986). A New Critical History of Old English Literature. New York University Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-8147-3088-4. 
  9. ^ Sargent, Denny. Shinto and Its Festivals. 
  10. ^ Runciman S., A History of the First Bulgarian Empire, London G.Bell & Sons, 1930, pp. 37, 289
  11. ^ le Bref.htm "at". Noctes-gallicanae.org. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  12. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.26.
  13. ^ Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.25.
  14. ^ Theophanes the Confessor. Chronographia, p. 431
  15. ^ Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.