From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||7th century – 8th century – 9th century|
|Decades:||720s 730s 740s – 750s – 760s 770s 780s|
|Years:||750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths – Architecture
Establishments – Disestablishments
This is a list of events occurring in the 750s, ordered by year.
- Gopala is proclaimed as the first ruler of the Pala Empire.
- After the defeat of his army in the Battle of the Zab the last Umayyad Caliph, Marwan II, is overthrown and killed. Al-Saffah is proclaimed the first Abbasid Caliph. The capital of the Caliphate will later moved from Damascus to Baghdad, within the territory of the former Persian Empire; this transfer will prove to be a momentous event for Baghdad, which develops into a centre of international trade and culture.
- The Ghana Empire begins.
- Native Americans, in the area now known as the Four Corners, begin constructing and occupying pueblos.
- Teotihuacan in Mexico is destroyed.
- Slaný is founded at the site of a salt spring.
- The Western Paradise of Amitabha Buddha, detail of a wall painting in Cave 217, Dunhuang, Gansu, is made. Tang dynasty (approximate date).
- Pepin the Short is elected as king of the Franks by the Frankish nobility, marking the end of the Merovingian and beginning of the Carolingian dynasty.
- The Lombard king Aistulf captures Ravenna and the Romagna, ending the Byzantine Exarchate of Ravenna.
- Arabian armies defeat Chinese Tang troops in the Battle of Talas near Samarkand.
- The Japanese poetry anthology Kaifūsō is assembled.
- Like the storm of 721, the storm of this year at the southern Chinese seaport of Yangzhou reportedly destroys over 1,000 ships engaged in canal and river traffic.
- The Great Buddha at Todai-ji in Nara, Japan is completed.
- The oldest surviving printed document, a Buddhist scripture, is printed in Korea.
- Theodore succeeds Theophylact as Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch.
- Silla minister Gim Daeseong orders construction to begin on the Bulguksa and Seokguram temples at Gyeongju.
- Abd al-Rahman ibn Habib al-Fihri reconquers Tripolitana from the Ibadi, driving their remnants south into the Nafusa Mountains.
- Battle of Beorhford: Cuthred of Wessex defeats Æthelbald of Mercia at Battle Edge, Burford in England.
- First Muslim assault on Sardinia under Abd al-Rahman ibn Habib al-Fihri, perhaps the beginning of the occupation of the island by the Saracens that lasts until 1005. He also attempts to invade Sicily.
- March 23 – Stephen is elected pope, but dies three days after and is not considered legitimate because he was not consecrated.
- March 26 – Pope Stephen II (sometimes referred to as Stephen III) succeeds Pope Zachary as the 92nd pope.
- Retired Emperor Shōmu takes part in the dedication ceremony of the great statue of Vairocana Buddha at the Tōdai-ji, and declares himself a Buddhist.
- The Synod of Constantinople is called by Emperor Constantine V.
- June: The first Abbasid caliph, al-Saffar, dies, and is succeeded by his brother al-Mansur. The powerful governor of Syria Abdallah ibn Ali, launches a claim for the caliphate, but is defeated by Abu Muslim.
- Pope Stephen II crowns Pepin the short King of the Franks at Saint-Denis outside Paris; also dedicates the foundations of the new abbey church.
- Fire breaks out in Canterbury.
- The oldest document mentioning the city of Ferrara is from this year (approximate date).
- The Iconoclast Council of Hieria meets.
- September – Abd al-Rahman I lands in Al-Andalus, modern-day Spain, where the next year he will establish a new Umayyad dynasty.
- Pepin the Short, King of the Franks, sends his armies into Italy to aid Pope Stephen II against the Lombards.
- The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle's description under this date (now dated 757) of King Sigeberht of Wessex being deposed by Cynewulf is notably fuller than earlier entries.
- December 16 – An Lushan begins the Anshi Rebellion against the Tang Dynasty state of China.
- Trisong Detsen becomes King of Tibet.
- May 14 – Battle of Musarah: Abd al-Rahman I defeats Yusuf ibn 'Abd al-Rahman al-Fihri in a battle for control of the Iberian Peninsula and re-establishes the Umayyad dynasty at Córdoba in Al-Andalus, modern-day Spain.
- Pepin the Short defeats the Lombards of northern Italy, who have threatened Pope Stephen II. The second Donation of Pepin is a cession of lands including Ravenna that will become the basis of the Papal States.
- Desiderius succeeds Aistulf as king of the Lombards.
- Vinekh succeeds Kormisosh as king of Bulgaria.
- January 8 – An Lushan Rebellion against the Tang Dynasty of China: The army of An Lushan crosses the Yellow River, going on to capture Chenliu, Yingyang and Luoyang.
- February 5 – An Lushan declares himself first Emperor of Yan (An–Shi) at Luoyang.
- July 14 – The Emperor Xuanzong of Tang flees the Tang Dynasty capital Chang'an for Sichuan as An Lushan's forces advance through the Tongguan pass toward the city.
- July 15 – During Emperor Xuanzong's flight, his soldiers are provoked to kill his chancellor Yang Guozhong and compel him to execute his consort Yang Guifei. An Lushan also has other members of the Emperor's family killed.
- August 12 – Emperor Suzong of Tang ascends to the throne, after his father Emperor Xuanzong abdicates.
- The Tang army, led by Zhang Xun, successfully defends their fortress against the rebels in the Battle of Yongqiu.
- January 29 – An Lushan, leader of a revolt against the Tang Dynasty and emperor of Yan, is murdered by his own son, An Qingxu.
- March 9 – A major earthquake strikes Palestine and Syria.
- December 8 – Du Fu returns to Chang'an as a member of Emperor Xuanzong's court, after having escaped the city during the An Lushan Rebellion.
- The Battle of Suiyang is fought.
- Offa becomes king of Mercia (to 796). He is noted for Offa's Dyke, built as a defence against Welsh marauders.
- Fruela I becomes king of Asturias.
- Tassilo III, duke of the Bavarians, recognizes the supremacy of Frankish king Pepin the Short.
- Emperor Junnin succeeds Empress Kōken on the throne of Japan.
- During the turmoil of the An Shi Rebellion, the Chinese seaport Guangzhou is sacked by Arab and Persian raiders. The port is shut down for the next five decades while foreign vessels dock at Hanoi instead, yet Guangzhou thrives again once it is reopened to foreign trade in the early 9th century.
- June 11 – Abbasid Arabs and Uyghur Turks arrive simultaneously at Chang'an, the Tang Chinese capital, in order to offer tribute to the imperial court. The Arabs and Turks bicker and fight over diplomatic prominence at the gate, in order to present tribute before the other. A settlement was reached when both were allowed to enter at the same time, but through two different gates to the palace.
- King Desiderius of the Lombards captures Spoleto and Benevento.
- Swithred is succeeded by Sigeric as King of Essex.
- The Franks capture Narbonne; the Saracens are completely driven out of France.
- Battle of the Rishki Pass: Byzantine Emperor Constantine V invades Bulgaria again, but this time his army is ambushed in the mountain passes of the Stara Planina.
- Exceptional winter in England. Frost begins October 1 and ends February 26 760.
- Japanese poet Otomo no Yakamochi compiles the first Japanese poetry anthology, Man'yōshū.
- The Abbasid Caliphate launches the conquest of Tabaristan. Its ruler, Khurshid of Tabaristan, flees to Daylam.
- December 24 – Tang Dynasty poet Du Fu departs for Chengdu, where he is hosted by fellow poet Pei Di.
- Saint Bregwin is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.
- The Tōshōdai-ji Buddhist Temple is founded in Nara, Japan.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 34–37. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Benvenuti, Gino (1985). Le Repubbliche Marinare. Amalfi, Pisa, Genova e Venezia. Rome: Newton & Compton Editori. p. 42. ISBN 88-8289-529-7.
- Greenfield, Stanley Brian (1986). A New Critical History of Old English Literature. New York University Press. p. 60. ISBN 0-8147-3088-4.
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.26.
- Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.