75th meridian west

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Line across the Earth
75°
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75th meridian west

The meridian 75° west of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, South America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The mean solar time of this meridian is the base for the Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5 during standard time).

Stations belonging to the American Weather Service begin submitting weather reports when the mean solar time of this meridian is 8:00 am. Report collection ends 30–40 minutes later and the data is used to create the day's weather forecast.[1]

The 75th meridian west forms a great circle with the 105th meridian east.

From Pole to Pole[edit]

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 75th meridian west passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 75°0′W / 90.000°N 75.000°W / 90.000; -75.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
83°3′N 75°0′W / 83.050°N 75.000°W / 83.050; -75.000 (Canada)  Canada NunavutEllesmere Island
78°32′N 75°0′W / 78.533°N 75.000°W / 78.533; -75.000 (Baffin Bay) Baffin Bay
72°18′N 75°0′W / 72.300°N 75.000°W / 72.300; -75.000 (Canada)  Canada NunavutBaffin Island and Foley Island
68°22′N 75°0′W / 68.367°N 75.000°W / 68.367; -75.000 (Foxe Basin) Foxe Basin Passing just to the east of Prince Charles Island, Nunavut,  Canada (at 68°8′N 75°0′W / 68.133°N 75.000°W / 68.133; -75.000 (Prince Charles Island))
65°22′N 75°0′W / 65.367°N 75.000°W / 65.367; -75.000 (Canada)  Canada NunavutFoxe Peninsula, Baffin Island
64°25′N 75°0′W / 64.417°N 75.000°W / 64.417; -75.000 (Hudson Strait) Hudson Strait
62°16′N 75°0′W / 62.267°N 75.000°W / 62.267; -75.000 (Canada)  Canada Quebec
Ontario — from 45°36′N 75°0′W / 45.600°N 75.000°W / 45.600; -75.000 (Ontario)
44°59′N 75°0′W / 44.983°N 75.000°W / 44.983; -75.000 (United States)  United States New York
Pennsylvania — from 41°31′N 75°0′W / 41.517°N 75.000°W / 41.517; -75.000 (Pennsylvania)
New Jersey — from 41°4′N 75°0′W / 41.067°N 75.000°W / 41.067; -75.000 (New Jersey)
Pennsylvania — from 40°25′N 75°0′W / 40.417°N 75.000°W / 40.417; -75.000 (Pennsylvania)
New Jersey — from 40°2′N 75°0′W / 40.033°N 75.000°W / 40.033; -75.000 (New Jersey)
39°11′N 75°0′W / 39.183°N 75.000°W / 39.183; -75.000 (Delaware Bay) Delaware Bay
38°50′N 75°0′W / 38.833°N 75.000°W / 38.833; -75.000 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Passing just east of the Delmarva Peninsula,  United States (at 38°26′N 75°3′W / 38.433°N 75.050°W / 38.433; -75.050 (Delmarva Peninsula))
Passing just east of Conception Island,  Bahamas (at 23°50′N 75°6′W / 23.833°N 75.100°W / 23.833; -75.100 (Conception Island))
Passing just west of Rum Cay,  Bahamas (at 23°40′N 74°57′W / 23.667°N 74.950°W / 23.667; -74.950 (Rum Cay))
23°7′N 75°0′W / 23.117°N 75.000°W / 23.117; -75.000 (Bahamas)  Bahamas Long Island
23°5′N 75°0′W / 23.083°N 75.000°W / 23.083; -75.000 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean
20°42′N 75°0′W / 20.700°N 75.000°W / 20.700; -75.000 (Cuba)  Cuba
19°55′N 75°0′W / 19.917°N 75.000°W / 19.917; -75.000 (Caribbean Sea) Caribbean Sea Passing just east of Navassa Island,  United States Minor Outlying Islands (at 18°24′N 75°0′W / 18.400°N 75.000°W / 18.400; -75.000 (Navassa Island))
10°59′N 75°0′W / 10.983°N 75.000°W / 10.983; -75.000 (Colombia)  Colombia
0°7′S 75°0′W / 0.117°S 75.000°W / -0.117; -75.000 (Peru)  Peru Loreto Region
Ucayali Region — from 7°59′S 75°0′W / 7.983°S 75.000°W / -7.983; -75.000 (Ucayali)
Huánuco Region — from 8°48′S 75°0′W / 8.800°S 75.000°W / -8.800; -75.000 (Huánuco)
Pasco Region — from 9°47′S 75°0′W / 9.783°S 75.000°W / -9.783; -75.000 (Pasco)
Junín Region — from 10°45′S 75°0′W / 10.750°S 75.000°W / -10.750; -75.000 (Junín)
Huancavelica Region — from 11°57′S 75°0′W / 11.950°S 75.000°W / -11.950; -75.000 (Huancavelica)
Ayacucho Region — from 14°7′S 75°0′W / 14.117°S 75.000°W / -14.117; -75.000 (Ayacucho)
Ica Region — from 14°38′S 75°0′W / 14.633°S 75.000°W / -14.633; -75.000 (Ica)
Arequipa Region — from 15°27′S 75°0′W / 15.450°S 75.000°W / -15.450; -75.000 (Arequipa)
15°28′S 75°0′W / 15.467°S 75.000°W / -15.467; -75.000 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Passing just west of Guafo Island,  Chile (at 43°34′S 74°49′W / 43.567°S 74.817°W / -43.567; -74.817 (Guafo Island))
Passing just east of Guamblín Island,  Chile (at 44°51′S 75°1′W / 44.850°S 75.017°W / -44.850; -75.017 (Guamblín Island))
45°52′S 75°0′W / 45.867°S 75.000°W / -45.867; -75.000 (Chile)  Chile
46°45′S 75°0′W / 46.750°S 75.000°W / -46.750; -75.000 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean Gulf of Penas
47°42′S 75°0′W / 47.700°S 75.000°W / -47.700; -75.000 (Chile)  Chile Several islands in the Patagonic Archipelago, including Wager Island, Prat Island, Serrano Island, Knorr Island, Wellington Island, Angamos Island, Madre de Dios Island, Anafur Island, Doñas Island, Valenzuela Island, Dagigno Island, Agustin Island, Diego de Almagro Island, Jorge Montt Island, Ramirez Island and Contreras Island
52°7′S 75°0′W / 52.117°S 75.000°W / -52.117; -75.000 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
60°0′S 75°0′W / 60.000°S 75.000°W / -60.000; -75.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
69°31′S 75°0′W / 69.517°S 75.000°W / -69.517; -75.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Territory claimed by  Chile (Antártica Chilena Province) and by the  United Kingdom (British Antarctic Territory)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moore.Descriptive Meteorology. D. Appleton and Company., 1910, p. 217.