76th United States Congress

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76th United States Congress
75th ← → 77th
USCapitol1956.jpg
United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1941

Senate President: John N. Garner
Senate Pres. pro tem: Key Pittman
William H. King
House Speaker: William B. Bankhead
Sam Rayburn
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1939 – August 5, 1939
2nd: September 21, 1939 – November 3, 1939
3rd: January 3, 1940 – January 3, 1941

The Seventy-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1939 to January 3, 1941, during the seventh and eighth years of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifteenth Census of the United States in 1930. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

Contents

Chaplain of the United States Senate ZeBarney Thorne Phillips delivering prayer to open the session

Major events[edit]

Hearings[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(FL)
Progressive (1924)
(P)
Republican
(R)
Independent
(I)
End of the previous congress 74 2 1 18 1 96 0
Begin 68 2 1 23 1 95 1
End 1 25 96 0
Final voting share 70.8% 1.0% 1.0% 26.0% 1.0%
Beginning of the next congress 66 2 1 26 1 96 0

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(FL)
American Labor
(AL)
Wisconsin Progressive
(P)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 334 5 0 8 88 435 0
Begin 256 1 1 3 173 434 1
End 252 172 429 6
Final voting share 58.7% 0.2% 0.2% 0.7% 40.1%
Beginning of the next congress 268 1 1 3 162 435 0

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators were popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members are preceded by their districts.

Changes in membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Tennessee
(2)
Vacant Stewart was elected during previous term, but chose to remain as district attorney until term expired. Tom Stewart (D) January 16, 1939
Illinois
(2)
J. Hamilton Lewis (D) Died April 9, 1939. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election, which he subsequently won. James M. Slattery (D) April 14, 1939
Kentucky
(2)
M. M. Logan (D) Died October 3, 1939. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election, which he subsequently won. Happy Chandler (D) October 10, 1939
Idaho
(2)
William E. Borah (R) Died January 19, 1940.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently won.
John W. Thomas (R) January 27, 1940
Vermont
(3)
Ernest W. Gibson (R) Died June 20, 1940.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Ernest W. Gibson, Jr. (R) October 14, 1940
Minnesota
(2)
Ernest Lundeen (FL) Died August 31, 1940.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently won.
Joseph H. Ball (R) October 14, 1940
Nevada
(1)
Key Pittman (D) Died November 10, 1940. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election, which he subsequently lost. Berkeley L. Bunker (D) November 27, 1940
Illinois
(2)
James M. Slattery (D) Resigned November 21, 1940. Successor was elected to finish term. Charles W. Brooks (R) November 22, 1940
Washington
(1)
Lewis B. Schwellenbach (D) Resigned December 16, 1940 fter being appointed judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election, which he subsequently won. Monrad Wallgren (D) December 19, 1940

House of Representatives[edit]

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Maryland 5th Vacant Rep. Stephen W. Gambrill died in previous Congress Lansdale Sasscer (D) January 12, 1943
Arkansas 4th William B. Cravens (D) Died January 13, 1939 William F. Cravens (D) September 12, 1939
Pennsylvania 4th J. Burrwood Daly (D) Died March 12, 1939 John E. Sheridan (D) November 7, 1939
Tennessee 6th Clarence W. Turner (D) Died March 23, 1939 W. Wirt Courtney (D) May 11, 1939
Maryland 1st Thomas A. Goldsborough (D) Resigned April 5, 1939 after being appointed associate justice of the District Court of the United States for the District of Columbia David J. Ward (D) June 8, 1939
New York 34th Bert Lord (R) Died May 24, 1939 Edwin A. Hall (R) November 7, 1939
Georgia 4th Emmett M. Owen (D) Died June 21, 1939 A. Sidney Camp (D) August 1, 1939
Wisconsin 3rd Harry W. Griswold (R) Died July 4, 1939 Vacant until the next Congress
Tennessee 3rd Sam D. McReynolds (D) Died July 11, 1939 Estes Kefauver (D) September 13, 1939
California 18th Thomas M. Eaton (R) Died September 16, 1939 Vacant until the next Congress
South Carolina 1st Thomas S. McMillan (D) Died September 29, 1939 Clara G. McMillan (D) November 7, 1939
Ohio 22nd Chester C. Bolton (R) Died October 29, 1939 Frances P. Bolton (R) February 27, 1940
Tennessee 2nd J. Will Taylor (R) Died November 14, 1939 John Jennings, Jr. (R) December 30, 1939
Puerto Rico At-large Santiago Iglesias (Coalitionist) Died December 5, 1939 Bolívar Pagán (Socialist) December 26, 1939
Colorado 3rd John A. Martin (D) Died December 23, 1939 William E. Burney (D) November 5, 1940
Michigan 5th Carl E. Mapes (R) Died December 12, 1939 Bartel J. Jonkman (R) February 19, 1940
New York 14th William I. Sirovich (D) Died December 17, 1939 Morris M. Edelstein (D) February 6, 1940
Ohio 17th William A. Ashbrook (D) Died January 1, 1940 J. Harry McGregor (R) February 27, 1940
Nebraska 1st George H. Heinke (R) Died January 2, 1940 John H. Sweet (R) April 19, 1940
Tennessee 9th Clift Chandler (D) Resigned January 2, 1940 after being elected Mayor of Memphis Clifford Davis (D) February 15, 1940
New York 31st Wallace E. Pierce (R) Died January 3, 1940 Clarence E. Kilburn (R) February 13, 1940
New York 22nd Edward W. Curley (D) Died January 6, 1940 Walter A. Lynch (D) February 20, 1940
Iowa 6th Cassius C. Dowell (R) Died February 4, 1940 Robert K. Goodwin (R) March 5, 1940
Maine 2nd Clyde Smith (R) Died April 8, 1940 Margaret Chase Smith (R) June 3, 1940
Georgia 8th W. Benjamin Gibbs (D) Died August 7, 1940 Florence Reville Gibbs (D) October 1, 1940
New Jersey 8th George N. Seger (R) Died August 26, 1940 Vacant until the next Congress
Alabama 7th William B. Bankhead (D) Died September 15, 1940 Zadoc L. Weatherford (D) November 5, 1940
North Carolina 1st Lindsay C. Warren (D) Resigned October 31, 1940 after being appointed Comptroller General of the United States Herbert C. Bonner (D) November 5, 1940
Texas 18th John Marvin Jones (D) Resigned November 20, 1940 to become judge of the United States Court of Claims Vacant until the next Congress
Louisiana 2nd Paul H. Maloney (D) Resigned December 15, 1940 to become Collector of Internal Revenue for New Orleans District Vacant until the next Congress
Washington 2nd Monrad Wallgren (D) Resigned December 19, 1940 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant until the next Congress
Missouri 11th Thomas C. Hennings, Jr. (D) Resigned December 31, 1940 to become candidate for Circuit Attorney of St. Louis Vacant until the next Congress

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]