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The 77th Aeronautical Systems Wing (77 ASW) is an inactive United States Air Force unit, last assigned to the Aeronautical Systems Center at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.
Its World War II predecessor unit, the 77th Reconnaissance Group supported ground units in training by flying reconnaissance, artillery adjustment, fighter, and bomber missions, and in the process trained reconnaissance personnel who later served overseas.
The 77 ASW supported the Aeronautical Systems Center. Its units perform a variety of missions
- Provided advanced performance, survival, and force protection capabilities to U.S. and allied air, ground, and naval forces through development, production, and sustainment of human-centered systems including aircrew life support, egress, survival, aeromedical equipment, medical information, aerovac equipment testing/certification, AF uniforms, and aircraft mishap analysis.
- Responsible for the development, production, test, integration, deployment, modification, and sustainment of common training solutions for joint ground-based training and mission rehearsal systems.
- Aging Aircraft Systems Squadron
- Developed and fielded products that enhance the Air Force's aircraft fleet availability and mission capability while reducing total ownership cost. The squadron is responsible for the development, acquisition, and fielding of cross-enterprise materiel solutions that enhance fleet availability and mission capability.
- Propulsion Systems Squadron
- Responsible for the development, production, test, and fielding of propulsion systems for the Joint Strike Fighter, F/A-22, and C-17. It also manages the Component Improvement Program, critical sustaining engineering for Air Force propulsion, and modernization of all Air Force propulsion systems, future propulsion capabilities, and allied F-15/F-16 engines.
- Combat Electronics Systems Squadron
- Responsible for the development, testing, acquiring, fielding and sustainment of materiel capabilities for multiple Department of Defense and allied aircraft weapon systems.
Former emblem as the 77th Air Base Wing
- Established as 77th Observation Group on 5 February 1942
- Activated on 2 March 1942
- Redesignated: 77th Reconnaissance Group on 2 April 1943
- Redesignated: 77th Tactical Reconnaissance Group on 11 August 1943
- Disestablished on 30 November 1943
- Reestablished, and redesignated 77th Tactical Intelligence Wing, on 31 July 1985 (remained inactive)
- Consolidated (16 September 1994) with 2852d Air Base Wing, which was established, and organized, on 1 August 1953.
- Redesignated: 2852d Air Base Group on 16 October 1964
- Redesignated: 652d Support Group on 1 October 1992
- Redesignated: 652d Air Base Group on 1 October 1993
- Redesignated: 77th Air Base Wing on 1 October 1994
- Inactivated on 13 July 2001
- Consolidated (23 June 2006) with Agile Combat Support Systems Wing, which was established on 23 November 2004
- Activated on 18 January 2005
- Redesignated: 77th Aeronautical Systems Wing on 14 July 2006
- Inactivated on 30 June 2010.
- Attached to III Ground Air [later, III Air] Support Command, 7 September 1942 – 5 August 1943
- Salinas Army Air Base, California, 2 March 1942
- Brownwood Army Airfield, Texas, c. 22 March 1942
- DeRidder Army Airbase, Louisiana, 25 July 1942
- Alamo Field, Texas, 28 September 1942
- Abilene Army Airfield, Texas, 6 April 1943
During World War II the 77th supported ground units in training by flying reconnaissance, artillery adjustment, fighter, and bomber missions, and in the process trained reconnaissance personnel who later served overseas. One squadron (113th) flew antisubmarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico from March until June 1942 when it was relieved by another squadron (128th). Still another squadron (120th) patrolled the Mexican border from March–July 1942. A detachment of the 77th served in India from February until July 1943. The 77th was deactivated in 1943.
The 77th was redesignated in 1985 and consolidated with the 2852nd Air Base Wing in 1994 to provide services and support for McClellan AFB with its satellite installations and the Sacramento Air Logistics Center with its tenant organizations (the 2852nd had been performing this duty since 1 August 1953) until the base was officially closed in 2001.
The 77th Aeronautical Systems Group moved from Brooks City-Base, San Antonio to Wright-Patterson AFB in mid-2009.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.