783 series

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783 series
JR Kyushu 783 series EMU Kamome express 2011.jpg
Set CM4 on a Kamome service, February 2011
In service March 1988–Present
Manufacturer JR Kyushu Kokura Works, Hitachi, Kinki Sharyo
Family name Hyper Saloon
Constructed 1988–1991
Refurbishment 1994–2006
Number built 90 vehicles
Number in service 90 vehicles (20 sets)
Formation 4/5 cars per trainset
Fleet numbers CM1-5, CM11-15, CM21-25, CM31-35
Operator JR Kyushu
Depot(s) Minami-Fukuoka
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless steel
Car length 21,050 mm (end cars)
20,000 mm (intermediate cars)
Width 2,950 mm
Doors 1 per side
Maximum speed 130 km/h (80 mph)[1]
Traction system Thyristor drive
Electric system(s) 20 kV AC 60 Hz
Current collection method Overhead catenary
Safety system(s) ATS-SK, ATS-Dk
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 783 series (783系?) is an AC electric multiple unit train type operated on limited express services by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) in Japan since March 1988.[1]

Design[edit]

The trains were built jointly by Hitachi, Kinki Sharyo, and JR Kyushu (at its Kokura factory).[2]

Formations[edit]

5-car Kamome sets (CM1–5)[edit]

The 5-car sets used on Kamome services are formed as follows.[3][4]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5
Designation Thsc M'1 T0 M2 Mc
Numbering KuRoHa 782 MoHa 783 SaHa 783 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 2 and 5 are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

4-car Midori sets (CM11–15)[edit]

Set CM15 on a Midori service, January 2008

The 4-car sets used on Midori services are formed as follows.[3][4]

Car No. 11 12 13 14
Designation Thsc T2 M2 Mc
Numbering KuRoHa 782-100 SaHa 783-200 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Car 14 is fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

4-car Huis Ten Bosch sets (CM21–25)[edit]

Huis Ten Bosch 4-car set, January 2007
Modified KuHa 783-100 car of a Huis Ten Bosch 4-car set, January 2008

The 4-car sets used on Huis Ten Bosch services are formed as follows.[3][4]

Car No. 7 8 9 10
Designation Thsc M2 M1 Tc1
Numbering KuRoHa 782-500 MoHa 783-300 MoHa 783-200 KuHa 783-100

Car 9 is fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

5-car Nichirin sets (CM31–35)[edit]

The 5-car sets used on Nichirin services are formed as follows.[3][4]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5
Designation Thsc M1 T2 M2 Mc
Numbering KuRoHa 782-500 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-200 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 2 and 5 are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

Set CM35 normally operates as a 4-car set.

Past formations[edit]

The following formations were used from introduction in 1988 until the fleet was refurbished and reformed in 2000.[5]

9-car sets[edit]

783 series set in original livery on a Kamome service, 1992
783 series set on a Kamome service in modified livery with the blue stripe extended beneath the cab windscreen, 1992
  • 9-car sets used on Hyper Kamome services from March 1990 until June 1994
Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Numbering KuRo 782 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-100 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-200 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-100 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 2, 4, 6, and 9 were each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

8-car sets[edit]

  • 8-car sets used on Hyper Kamome services from March 1990 until June 1994
Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Numbering KuRo 782 SaHa 783-100 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-200 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-100 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 3, 5, and 8 were each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

7-car sets[edit]

  • 7-car sets used on Ariake and Super Ariake services during busy seasons from 1 April 1988
Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Numbering KuRo 782 MoHa 783 SaHa 783 MoHa 783 SaHa 783 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 2, 4, and 7 were each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

  • 7-car sets used on Hyper Kamome services from 18 March 1993
Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Numbering KuRo 782 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-200 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-100 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 2, 4, and 7 were each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

6-car sets[edit]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuRoHa 782 SaHa 783 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-100 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 3 and 6 were each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

5-car sets[edit]

5-car 783 series set on an Ariake service, 1992
Illustration of 783 series EMU hauled by a dedicated DE10 diesel locomotive and Yo 28000 generator van on Ariake services over non-electrified sections
  • 5-car sets used on Ariake and Super Ariake services from 1 April 1988
Car No. 1 2 3 4 5
Numbering KuRo 782 MoHa 783 SaHa 783 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 2, and 5 were each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

  • 5-car sets used on Hyper Ariake services from March 1990 until July 1992 and on Tsubame services from 15 July 1992
Car No. 1 2 3 4 5
Numbering KuRo 782 MoHa 783 SaHa 783-200 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Cars 2, and 5 were each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

4-car sets[edit]

  • 4-car sets used on Hyper Ariake services from March 1990 until July 1992 and on Ariake and Hyper Nichirin services from 15 July 1992
Car No. 1 2 3 4
Numbering KuRoHa 782 SaHa 783 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Car 5 was fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

3-car sets[edit]

3-car sets used on Ariake and Super Ariake services from 1 April 1988 until 1990

Car No. 1 2 3
Numbering KuRoHa 782 MoHa 783-100 KuMoHa 783

Car 3 was fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.

History[edit]

The 783 series trains were first introduced from 13 March 1988, initially branded as "Hyper Saloon".[4]

On 30 May 1989, the 783 series design was awarded the 1988 Laurel Prize by the Japan Railfan Club. A special award ceremony was held at platform 1 of Hakata Station on 26 August 1989.[5]

All cars were made no-smoking from the start of the revised timetable on 18 March 2007.[3]

See also[edit]

Media related to 783 series at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  2. ^ Saka, Masahiro (March 2014). "JR第1世代の車両・現況と概要" [JR 1st-generation rolling stock: Current situation and overview]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese) (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 43 (359): p.22. 
  3. ^ a b c d e JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: JRR. May 2010. pp. 204–205. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "JR九州 新幹線・特急列車の運転体系概要" [Overview of JR Kyushu Shinkansen & Limited Express Operations]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun) 40 (323): p.28–31. March 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Nishimura, Takao (September 2011). "783系 「ハイパーサルーン」" [783 series "Hyper Saloon"]. Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha) 51 (605): p.38–55.