78th meridian east

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Line across the Earth
78°
78th meridian east

The meridian 78° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 78th meridian east forms a great circle with the 102nd meridian west.

From Pole to Pole[edit]

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 78th meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 78°0′E / 90.000°N 78.000°E / 90.000; 78.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
81°7′N 78°0′E / 81.117°N 78.000°E / 81.117; 78.000 (Kara Sea) Kara Sea Passing just east of Vize Island,  Russia
72°35′N 78°0′E / 72.583°N 78.000°E / 72.583; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Oleniy Island and Gydan Peninsula
72°6′N 78°0′E / 72.100°N 78.000°E / 72.100; 78.000 (Yuratski Bay) Yuratski Bay
71°51′N 78°0′E / 71.850°N 78.000°E / 71.850; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Gydan Peninsula
71°15′N 78°0′E / 71.250°N 78.000°E / 71.250; 78.000 (Khalmyer Bay) Khalmyer Bay
70°56′N 78°0′E / 70.933°N 78.000°E / 70.933; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Gydan Peninsula
68°22′N 78°0′E / 68.367°N 78.000°E / 68.367; 78.000 (Taz Estuary) Taz Estuary
68°13′N 78°0′E / 68.217°N 78.000°E / 68.217; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia Gydan Peninsula
67°40′N 78°0′E / 67.667°N 78.000°E / 67.667; 78.000 (Taz Estuary) Taz Estuary
67°31′N 78°0′E / 67.517°N 78.000°E / 67.517; 78.000 (Russia)  Russia
53°11′N 78°0′E / 53.183°N 78.000°E / 53.183; 78.000 (Kazakhstan)  Kazakhstan Passing through Lake Balkhash
42°52′N 78°0′E / 42.867°N 78.000°E / 42.867; 78.000 (Kyrgyzstan)  Kyrgyzstan Passing through Issyk Kul lake
41°4′N 78°0′E / 41.067°N 78.000°E / 41.067; 78.000 (China)  People's Republic of China Xinjiang
35°35′N 78°0′E / 35.583°N 78.000°E / 35.583; 78.000 (Aksai Chin) Aksai Chin Disputed between  India and  People's Republic of China - for about 11 km
35°29′N 78°0′E / 35.483°N 78.000°E / 35.483; 78.000 (India)  India Jammu and Kashmir - for about 10 km, claimed by  Pakistan
35°24′N 78°0′E / 35.400°N 78.000°E / 35.400; 78.000 (Aksai Chin) Aksai Chin Disputed between  India and  People's Republic of China - for about 10 km
35°18′N 78°0′E / 35.300°N 78.000°E / 35.300; 78.000 (India)  India Jammu and Kashmir - claimed by  Pakistan
Himachal Pradesh
Uttarakhand
Uttar Pradesh
Rajasthan
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Andhra Pradesh
Karnataka
Tamil Nadu
8°20′N 78°0′E / 8.333°N 78.000°E / 8.333; 78.000 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean
60°0′S 78°0′E / 60.000°S 78.000°E / -60.000; 78.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
69°7′S 78°0′E / 69.117°S 78.000°E / -69.117; 78.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Australian Antarctic Territory, claimed by  Australia

See also[edit]