7th Army (German Empire)

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7. Armee
7th Army
Stab eines Armeeoberkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of an Armee Oberkommando (1871–1918)
Active 2 August 1914 - January 1919
Country  German Empire
Type Army
Engagements

World War I

The 7th Army (German: 7. Armee / Armeeoberkommando 7 / A.O.K. 7) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the II Army Inspection.[1] The army was disbanded in 1919 during demobilization after the war.[2]

History[edit]

Formed at the outbreak of World War I, 7th Army formed the extreme left (southern) wing of the German Armies on the Western Front. During the execution of the French Plan XVII, the 7th Army covered Alsace, successfully repulsing the French attack in the Battle of Lorraine. It then took part in the Race to the Sea, an attempt by both German and Anglo-French armies to turn each other's flank.

At the end of the war it was serving as part of Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz.[3]

Order of Battle, 30 October 1918[edit]

By the end of the war, the 7th Army was organised as:

Organization of 7th Army on 30 October 1918[4]
Army Corps Division
7th Army XVII Corps 24th Reserve Division
86th Division
one third of 10th Reserve Division
III Corps one third of 10th Reserve Division
26th Division
227th Division
3rd Naval Division
VIII Reserve Corps 84th Division
19th Division
2nd Bavarian Division
one third of 10th Reserve Division
65th Corps (z.b.V.) 5th Division
4th Guards Division
216th Division
50th Division
VII Corps No units assigned
Moving to Armee-Abteilung A 24th Division

Commanders[edit]

The 7th Army had the following commanders during its existence.[5]

7th Army
From Commander Previously Subsequently
2 August 1914 Generaloberst Josias von Heeringen II Army Inspectorate (II. Armee-Inspektion) High Command of Coastal Defence
28 August 1916 General der Artillerie Richard von Schubert XXVII Reserve Corps Placed on inactive reserve status[6]
27 January 1917 Generaloberst Richard von Schubert
11 March 1917 General der Infanterie Max von Boehn Armee-Abteilung C Heeresgruppe Boehn
22 March 1918 Generaloberst Max von Boehn
6 August 1918 General der Infanterie Magnus von Eberhardt X Reserve Corps 1st Army
15 October 1918 Generaloberst Max von Boehn Heeresgruppe Boehn

Glossary[edit]

  • Armee-Abteilung or Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.[7]
  • Armee-Gruppe or Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
  • Heeresgruppe or Army Group in the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 395
  2. ^ Cron 2002, p. 80
  3. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
  4. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, p. 187
  5. ^ Cron 2002, p. 395
  6. ^ The Prussian Machine Accessed: 5 February 2012
  7. ^ Cron 2002, p. 84

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.