7th Bomb Wing

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7th Bomb Wing
Star of Abilene.jpg
The B-1 commemorates its 20th anniversary at Dyess AFB
Active 1947-present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Part of Air Combat Command
Twelfth Air Force
Garrison/HQ Dyess Air Force Base
Motto "MORS AB ALTO"
Latin: Death From Above
Equipment B-1B Lancer
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Michael Bob Starr
Current vice-commander Colonel Steven Beasley
Current command chief Chief Master Sgt. Eddie Webb
Notable
commanders
George J. Eade
Wendell L. Griffin
Jonathan D. George
Garrett Harencak
Insignia
7th Bomb Wing emblem (approved 15 June 1994)[1][a 1] 7th Bomb Wing.png

The 7th Bomb Wing (7 BW) is a United States Air Force unit assigned to the Air Combat Command Twelfth Air Force. It is stationed at Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, where it is also the host unit.

The 7 BW is one of only two B-1B Lancer strategic bombardment wings in the United States Air Force, the other being the 28th Bomb Wing at Ellsworth Air Force Base, South Dakota.

Its origins date to the 1918 establishment of the 1st Army Observation Group (later 7th Bombardment Group), one of the 15 original combat air groups formed by the United States Army before World War II.

The 7th Operations Group carries the lineage and history of its highly decorated World War II predecessor unit. It operated initially in the Philippines as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bomber unit assigned to Fifth Air Force but after the fall of the Philippines in early 1942, operated primarily with the Tenth Air Force in India as a B-24 Liberator unit. Active for over 60 years, the 7 BW was a component wing of Strategic Air Command's heavy bomber deterrent force throughout the Cold War.

The 7th Bomb Wing is commanded by Colonel Michael Bob Starr. Its Command Chief Master Sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Eddie Webb.[2]

Mission[edit]

7th Bomb Wing is responsible for providing combat-ready B-1B aircraft, crews and associate combat support for global engagement taskings, supervising military and civilian personnel and managing the largest B-1B base and flying wing.

Units[edit]

  • 7th Mission Support Group
7th Civil Engineer Squadron
7th Contracting Squadron
7th Communications Squadron
7th Logistics Readiness Squadron
7th Force Support Squadron (formerly 7th Mission Support and 7th Services Squadrons)
7th Security Forces Squadron
  • 7th Maintenance Group
7th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron
7th Component Maintenance Squadron
7th Equipment Maintenance Squadron
7th Munitions Squadron
  • 7th Medical Group
7th Medical Support Squadron
7th Aerospace Medicine Squadron
7th Medical Operations Squadron

History[edit]

For additional history and lineage information, see 7th Operations Group

Cold War[edit]

Patch with 7th Bombardment Wing emblem (approved 12 September 1952)[3]

B-36 era[edit]

Arrival of the first B-36A at Carswell AFB[4] in June 1948 along with a 7th Bomb Wing B-29.
7th Bombardment Wing Consolidated B-36D-1-CF Peacemaker 44-92097, showing Triangle-J tail code, September 1950
Consolidated B-36B-1-CF Peacemaker 44-92033 in flight
YB-52 prototype bomber at Carswell AFB, 1955 shown with a 7th Bomb Wing B-36

On 17 November 1947, the 7th Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy was organized at Fort Worth Army Air Field, Texas [3] as part of the United States Air Force's wing base reorganization, in which combat groups and all supporting units on a base were assigned to a single wing. The wing mission was to organize and train a force capable of immediate and sustained long range offensive warfare and operations in any part of the world. The 7th Bombardment Group, flying Boeing B-29 Superfortresses became its operational component. The wing's mission was to prepare for global strategic bombardment in the event of hostilities. Under various designations, the 7th Bomb Wing flew a wide variety of aircraft at the base until it moved in 1993.

Starting in June 1948 the wing received the first five Convair B-36A Peacemakers. The B-36As were delivered unarmed and were used for training and crew conversion.[5][a 2] The first B-36 was designated the "City of Fort Worth" (AF Serial No. 44-92015), and was assigned to the 492d Bombardment Squadron. When the wing base organization was made permanent in 1948, the wing was redesignated as the 7th Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 1 August.[3] In November 1948, B-36B aircraft began to join the B-36As. On 7 December one of the new B-36Bs flew a nonstop simulated bombing mission to Hawaii, dropping a 10,000 lb simulated bombload in the ocean. The flight took over 35 and a half hours and covered more than 8,000 miles.[6] The wing's last B-29 was transferred on 6 December to the 97th Bombardment Group at Biggs Air Force Base. For 10 years, the "Peacemaker" served as our nation's major deterrent weapons system.

The 11th Bombardment Group was activated on 1 December 1948 with the 26th,[7] 42d,[8] and 98th Bombardment Squadrons, Heavy assigned.[9][10] The 11th Bomb Group was assigned to Eighth Air Force, but attached to the 7th wing and was also equipped with B-36As for training.[11] A five ship B-36 formation was flown on 15 January 1949, in an air review over Washington, D.C., commemorating the inauguration of the President of the United States, Harry S. Truman.

By December 1950 the wing and its attached groups had 38 B-36s on hand, including several B-36Ds with four General Electric J47 jet engines augmenting its six reciprocating engines and its B-36Bs began to be upgraded to B-36D standard. In January 1951, the 7th took part in a special training mission to the United Kingdom. This was the first flight of B-36s outside the continental United States since the simulated mission to Hawaii.[12] The purpose of the mission was to evaluate the B-36D under simulated war plan conditions. Also, further evaluate the equivalent airspeed and compression tactics for heavy bombardment aircraft. The aircraft, staging through Limestone AFB, Maine, would land at RAF Lakenheath, United Kingdom, following a night radar bombing attack on Helgoland, West Germany. From there the bombers would conduct a simulated bomb run on the Heston Bomb Plot, London, finally landing at RAF Lakenheath.

This was the first deployment of wing and SAC B-36 aircraft to England and Europe. For the next four days the flight flew sorties out of England. The aircraft redeployed to the states on 20 January arriving at Carswell on 21 January.

B-52 era[edit]

On 10 December 1957, the 98th Bomb Squadron was detached from the wing and assigned to the newly activated 4123rd Strategic Wing' at Carswell. This would become the first Boeing B-52 Stratofortress unit at Carswell. During January 1958, the wing began transferring its B-36 bombers to various SAC wings. On 20 January, the wing transferred all B-52 equipment and property on hand to the 4123rd Strategic Wing in order to facilitate that organization's conversion, which was scheduled several months ahead of the 7th Bomb Wing at Carswell. The 7th Bomb Wing officially became a B-52 organization with the adoption of manning documents and equipping authorizations on 1 February 1958.

On 30 May, Memorial Day, the last of the B-36's in the wing were retired with appropriate ceremonies and "Open House". Air Force and civilian personnel of the base, and civilians from surrounding communities were on hand to bid the "Peacemaker" a fond farewell. This last flight of a B-36 phased out completely the B-36 program in the wing.

During the late 1950s and early 1960s, the primary mission of the wing was training in global strategic bombardment and air refueling operations. On 13 April 1965, the 7 BW deployed its forces to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam to support SAC combat operations in Southeast Asia. Most of the wing's bombers and tankers, along with aircrews and some support personnel, were deployed. At Andersen AFB, the wing flew more than 1,300 missions over Vietnam, and returned to Carswell in December 1965.

In 1964 and 1965, the wing's B-52Fs were selected for modification under programs South Bay and Sun Bath. These modifications enabled the wing's bombers to double their bomb load from 24 to 48 750 lb bombs by the installation of external bomb racks. With these modifications, the wing's planes, along with those of the 320th Bombardment Wing were the first to deploy to Andersen Air Force Base, Guam and the first to fly Arc Light bombing missions. The modified B-52Fs were the only SAC bombers to deploy for Arc Light missions until 1966, when the B-52Fs were replaced by B-52Ds with the Big Belly modification than enabled them to carry a larger and more varied bomb load.[13]

Later B-52 crews were sent through an intensive two-week course on the B-52D, making them eligible for duty in Southeast Asia. B-52s assigned to combat duty in Vietnam were painted in a modified camouflage scheme with the undersides, lower fuselage, and both sides of the vertical fin being painted in a glossy black. The USAF serial number was painted in black on the fin over a horizontal red stripe across the length of the fin.

The B-52 effort was concentrated primarily against suspected Viet Cong targets in South Vietnam, but the Ho Chi Minh Trail and targets in Laos were also hit. During the relief of Khe Sanh, unbroken waves of six aircraft, attacking every three hours, dropped bombs as close as 900 feet from friendly lines. Cambodia was increasingly bombed by B-52s from March 1969 onward.

By mid-1973 most wing KC-135 resources had redeployed, and most B-52 resources returned by January 1974. The wing resumed nuclear alert status on 3 January 1974. From 4 December 1973 to May 1975, the wing conducted B-52D replacement training, and from January 1974 also conducted B-52D combat crew training, i.e., providing B-52 flight training to novice crews. Beginning in June 1974 the wing also conducted B-52 and KC-135 Central Flight Instructors' courses. Participated in numerous USAF and NATO exercises worldwide. Used B-52s for ocean surveillance and ship identification in joint naval operations.

Wing KC-135 aerial refuelers supported tanker task forces worldwide. In October – November 1983, the wing supported the invasion of Grenada with aerial refueling. In the 1980s the base received several new weapons systems, including modified B-52H aircraft. In 1983, B-52 crews began training with a new weapon system, the SRAM (Short Range Attack Missile) and later, in 1985, the ALCM (Air Launched Cruise Missile). Also, the wing flew numerous atmospheric sampling missions during 1986 and 1987 in response to the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident.

Deployed air refueling personnel and equipment to provisional wings in Southwest Asia, August 1990 – February 1992. The wing hosted the first Soviet START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) exhibition inspection team in September 1991.

Modern era[edit]

Began preparations for base closure at Carswell AFB in January 1992 and was released of all operational capabilities on 1 January 1993. The wing closed Carswell AFB on 30 September 1993 and moved to Dyess AFB, TX without personnel or equipment on 1 October 1993. There, the 7th Wing became a composite wing equipped with B-1B and C-130 aircraft. In 1997, the wing assumed responsibility for all B-1B initial qualification and instructor upgrade training for Air Combat Command. On 1 April 1997, the wing again became the 7th Bomb Wing when the airlift mission transferred to Air Mobility Command. Since 2000, the 7th Bomb Wing has provided bombing, airlift support, training and combat support to combatant commanders.

Lineage[edit]

  • Designated as the 7th Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy on 3 November 1947
Organized on 17 November 1947
Discontinued on 1 August 1948
Redesignated 7th Bombardment Wing, Heavy on 1 August 1948 and activated[3]
Redesignated 7th Wing on 1 September 1991
Redesignated 7th Bomb Wing on 1 June 1992
Redesignated 7th Wing on 1 October 1993
Redesignated 7th Bomb Wing on 1 April 1997[1]

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

Groups

  • 7th Bombardment Group (later 7th Operations Group): 17 November 1947 – 16 June 1952; 1 September 1991 – 1 January 1993; 1 October 1993 – present[1]
  • 11th Bombardment Group: attached 1 December 1948 – 16 February 1951[3]

Squadrons

  • 7th Air Refueling Squadron: 1 April 1958 – 15 April 1960; 1 March 1964 – 1 September 1991; 1 September 1991 – 1 June 1992
  • 9th Bomb Squadron: attached 16 February 1951 – 15 June 1952, assigned 16 June 1952 – 25 June 1968; assigned 31 December 1971 – 1 September 1991, 1 October 1993 – present
  • 13th Bomb Squadron: 14 June 2000 – 9 September 2005
  • 20th Bomb Squadron: 25 June 1965 – 1 September 1991
  • 28th Bomb Squadron: 1 October 1994 – present
  • 98th Bombardment Squadron: attached 1–10 December 1957
  • 436th Bombardment Squadron: attached 16 February 1951 – 15 June 1952, assigned 16 June 1952 – 1 August 1958
  • 492d Bombardment Squadron: attached 16 February 1951 – 15 June 1952, assigned 16 June 1952 – 15 June 1959
  • 919th Air Refueling Squadron: 15 April-15 July 1960
  • 920th Air Refueling Squadron: 15 April-15 July 1960
  • 4018 Combat Crew Training Squadron: 1 April 1974 – 31 March 1983[1]

Stations[edit]

  • Fort Worth Army Air Field (later Griffiss Air Force Base, Carswell Air Force Base), Texas, 17 November 1947 - 30 September 1993
  • Dyess Air Force Base, Texas, 1 October 1993 – present[1]

Major Aircraft Assigned[edit]

B-52F (1957–1969); B-52D (1969–1983); B-52H (1982–1992)

Commanders[edit]

Dyess Air Force Base:

  • Brig Gen Jerrold P. Allen, 1 Oct 1993 - 4 Aug 1994 (Previously served as the 96th Bombardment Wing Commander at Dyess)
  • Brig Gen Charles R. Henderson, 4 Aug 1994 - 4 Aug 1995
  • Brig Gen Larry W. Northington, 4 Aug 1995 - 26 Mar 1997
  • Brig Gen Michael C. McMahan, 26 Mar 1997 - 18 Jun 1999
  • Brig Gen Joseph P. Stein, 18 Jun 1999 - 28 Nov 2000
  • Brig Gen Wendell L. Griffin, 28 Nov 2000 - 10 Jan 2003
  • Col Jonathan D. George, 10 Jan 2003 - 30 Aug 2004
  • Col Garrett Harencak, 30 Aug 2004 - 28 Jul 2006[1]
  • Col Timothy M. Ray, 28 Jul 2006 - 11 Jul 2008
  • Col Robert F. Gass, 11 Jul 2008 - 22 Jul 2010
  • Col David B. Been, 22 Jul 2010 - 3 Jul 2012
  • Brig Gen Glen D. VanHerck, 3 Jul 2012 - 14 Feb 2014
  • Col Michael Bob Starr, 14 Feb 2014–Present

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ This restored the emblem approved in slightly different shape for the 7th Bombardment Group on 30 January 1933.
  2. ^ These planes were never operational as bombers. They were converted to RB-36 reconnaissance aircraft. Knaack, p. 21

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Robertson, Patsy (11/5/2007). "Factsheet 7 Bomb Wing (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.dyess.af.mil/library/biographies/index.asp
  3. ^ a b c d e f Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 18–19. ISBN 0-912799-12-9. 
  4. ^ "City of Fort Worth" (AF Serial No. 44-92015)
  5. ^ Knaack, p. 21
  6. ^ Knaack, p. 25
  7. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 133–134. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. 
  8. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 193-194
  9. ^ Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. pp. 53–54. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. 
  10. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 326
  11. ^ Robertson, Patsy (2011-04-25). "Factsheet 11 Wing (USAF)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  12. ^ Knaack, p. 32
  13. ^ Knaack, pp. 256, 268
  14. ^ Baugher, Joe. "USAAC/USAAF/USAF Bomber Aircraft". Archived from the original on March 21st. 2009. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]