Seventh European Parliament

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7th European Parliament
Europarl logo.svg

Duration: 14 July 2009 – 1 July 2014
President (1st ½) Jerzy Buzek
President (2nd ½) Martin Schulz
Commission Barroso
Political groups EPPS&DALDE
Greens/EFAECR
GUE-NGLEFDNI
MEPs 736 (754 from 1 December 2011)
Elections June 2009 (Union)
April 2013 (Croatia)
Governing treaty Nice[nb 1]
Treaty of Lisbon[nb 2]

<Sixth 8th>


The seventh European Parliament was elected in the 2009 elections and lasted until the 2014 elections.

Major events[edit]

2009 European Parliament Composition.svg

Activity[edit]

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Source
Reports [2]
Resolutions and positions [3]
Parliamentary questions [4]
Written declarations [5]

Major resolutions and positions[edit]

Resolution/position number Procedure number Notes

Committees[edit]

Summary[edit]

Type Number Sources Notes
Standing committee [6]
Temporary committee [7]
Committee of enquiry [8]

Temporary committees[edit]

Code Committee Report Sources

Committees of enquiry[edit]

Code Committee Report Sources

Delegations[edit]

Type Number Sources
Europe delegations [9]
Non-Europe delegations [10]
Ad-hoc delegations [11]

Political groups[edit]

See membership below for details of size
Group name Acronym Seats Percent Chairs Vice-Presidents
  European People's Party EPP 265 36% France Joseph Daul 5
  Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats S&D 184 25% Germany Martin Schulz 5
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group ALDE 84 11.4% Belgium Guy Verhofstadt 2
  The Greens–European Free Alliance GREENS/EFA 55 7.5% Germany Rebecca Harms
France Daniel Cohn-Bendit
1
  European Conservatives and Reformists ECR 54 7.3% Poland Michał Kamiński 0[nb 3]
  European United Left–Nordic Green Left GUE-NGL 35 4.8% Germany Lothar Bisky 0
  Europe of Freedom and Democracy EFD 32 4.3% United Kingdom Nigel Farage
Italy Francesco Speroni
0
  Non-Inscrits[nb 4] NA 27 3.7% --- 1[nb 3]

Members in groups by country[edit]

Political group[1]
Country
EPP S&D ALDE Greens/EFA ECR GUE-NGL EFD NI MEPs
Austria 6 4 2 3 17
Belgium 5 5 5 4 1 2 22
Bulgaria 6 4 5 2 17
Cyprus 2 2 2 6
Czech Republic 2 7 9 4 22
Denmark 1 4 3 2 1 2 13
Estonia 1 1 3 1 6
Finland 4 2 4 2 1 13
France 29 14 6 14 5 1 3 72
Germany 42 23 12 14 8 99
Greece 8 8 1 3 2 22
Hungary 14 4 1 3 22
Ireland 4 3 4 1 12
Italy 35 21 7 9 72
Latvia 3 1 1 1 1 1 8
Lithuania 4 3 2 1 2 12
Luxembourg 3 1 1 1 6
Malta 2 3 5
Netherlands 5 3 6 3 1 2 1 4 25
Poland 28 7 15 50
Portugal 10 7 5 22
Romania 14 11 5 3 33
Slovakia 6 5 1 1 13
Slovenia 3 2 2 7
Spain 23 21 2 2 1 1 50
Sweden 5 5 4 3 1 18
United Kingdom 13 11 5 25 1 13 4 72
Total 265 184 84 55 54 35 32 27 736

Leadership[edit]

Presidents[edit]

Term President
(or candidate)
Group State Votes
14 July 2009–17 January 2012[2] Jerzy Buzek   EPP Poland Poland 555
Eva-Britt Svensson   GUE-NGL Sweden Sweden 89
17 January 2012–[3] Martin Schulz   PES Germany Germany 387
Nirj Deva   ECR United Kingdom United Kingdom 142
Diana Wallis   ALDE United Kingdom United Kingdom 141

Vice-Presidents[edit]

Group Vice-President
(or candidate)
State Votes in: Pick
1st round 2nd round 3rd round
EPP Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou GreeceGreece 355 --- --- Yes check.svg
Roberta Angelilli Italy Italy 277 266 274 Yes check.svg
Alejo Vidal-Quadras Spain Spain 332 303 308 Yes check.svg
Pál Schmitt Hungary Hungary 266 239 257 Yes check.svg
Rainer Wieland Germany Germany 267 235 237 Yes check.svg
S&D Giovanni Pittella Italy Italy 360 --- --- Yes check.svg
Stavros Lambrinidis GreeceGreece 348 --- --- Yes check.svg
Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez Spain Spain 330 292 327 Yes check.svg
Dagmar Roth-Behrendt Germany Germany 299 288 287 Yes check.svg
Libor Rouček Czech Republic Czech Republic 284 276 278 Yes check.svg
ALDE Diana Wallis United Kingdom UK 303 274 272 Yes check.svg
Silvana Koch-Mehrin Germany Germany 148 141 186 Yes check.svg
ECR Michał Kamiński Poland Poland 194 175 174 X mark.svg
Edward McMillan-Scott (non-attached)[nb 3] United Kingdom UK 237 242 244 Yes check.svg
GREENS/EFA Isabelle Durant Belgium Belgium 268 259 276 Yes check.svg

Quaestors[edit]

Further information: Quaestor (European Parliament)
Group Quaestor
(or candidate)
State Votes in: Pick
1st round 2nd round 3rd round
EPP Jim Higgins Republic of Ireland Ireland 352 --- --- Yes check.svg
Astrid Lulling Luxembourg Luxembourg 322 327 306 Yes check.svg
Ria Oomen-Ruijten Netherlands Netherlands 161 187 186 X mark.svg
S&D Lidia Geringer de Oedenberg Poland Poland 398 --- --- Yes check.svg
ALDE Bill Newton Dunn United Kingdom UK 164 202 208 Yes check.svg
ECR James Nicholson United Kingdom UK 171 172 176 X mark.svg
GUE-NGL Jiří Maštálka Czech Republic Czech Republic 206 283 293 Yes check.svg
EFD Francesco Speroni Italy Italy 145 130 131 X mark.svg

Membership[edit]

After the 2009 election, the members formed seven groups with around 26 independent members, mainly from the far right which failed to unify into a political group. With the Treaty of Lisbon not in force in time for the elections, the national distribution followed the rules of the Treaty of Nice which necessitated a reduction to 736 members. Extra members will join the chamber if Lisbon comes into force.[4]

For the seventh parliament, the number of women increased from 31% to 35% (the highest to date, from 16% in 1979) with increases in most countries. The largest percentage was in Sweden, with 56% of MEPs women, followed by Estonia with 50%. The lowest was Malta with no women members at all, followed by the Czech Republic with 18%, down from 21%.[5]

From inauguration, the youngest member was Emilie Turunen of Denmark (born in 1984 making her 25) and the oldest member was Ciriaco de Mita of Italy (born 1928 making him 81).[6] Usually the oldest member would preside over the chamber for the election of the Parliament's President. However, with concern that the far-right Jean-Marie Le Pen would be the oldest member (rather than De Mita) the rules were changed to give this role to the outgoing President.[7]

Groups[8]
Group Seats
Inauguration 5 March 2010
  European People's Party 265 265
  Socialists and Democrats 184 184
  Liberals and Democrats 84 85 3
  Greens/European Free Alliance 55 55
  Conservatives and Reformists 55 54 1
  European United Left – Nordic Green Left 35 35
  Europe of Freedom and Democracy 32 30 2,4
  Non-attached 26 28

1 Edward McMillan-Scott was expelled from the Conservative Party on 15 September 2009;[9]
2 Nikki Sinclaire was expelled from the UK Independence Party on 4 March 2010.[10]
3 Edward McMillan-Scott joined Liberal Democrats on 12 March 2010.[11]

4 Mike Nattrass left UK Independence Party on 23 June 2010.[12]

Apportionment
State Seats State Seats
Germany Germany 99 France France 72
United Kingdom UK 72 Italy Italy 72
Spain Spain 50 Poland Poland 50
Romania Romania 33 Netherlands Netherlands 25
GreeceGreece 22 Portugal Portugal 22
Belgium Belgium 22 Czech Republic Czech Republic 22
Hungary Hungary 22 Sweden Sweden 18
Austria Austria 17 Bulgaria Bulgaria 17
Denmark Denmark 13 Slovakia Slovakia 13
Finland Finland 13 Republic of Ireland Ireland 12
Lithuania Lithuania 12 Latvia Latvia 8
Slovenia Slovenia 7 Estonia Estonia 6
Cyprus Cyprus 6 Luxembourg Luxembourg 6
MaltaMalta 5 Total 736

Secretariat[edit]

Office Post Name Source
Office of the Secretary-General Secretary-General of the European Parliament Germany Klaus Welle [12]
Legal Service Jurisconsult of the European Parliament France Christian Pennera [13]
Directorate-General for the Presidency Director-General Italy Francesca Ratti [14]
Directorate-General for Internal Policies of the Union Director-General Italy Riccardo Ribera d'Alcala [15]
Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union Director-General Belgium Luis Marco Aguiriano Nalda [16]
Directorate-General for Communication Director-General Spain Juana Lahousse-Juarez [17]
Directorate-General for Personnel Director-General Belgium Yves Quittin [18]
Directorate-General for Infrastructure and Logistics Director-General Greece Constantin Stratigakis [19]
Directorate-General for Translation Director-General ? [20]
Directorate-General for Interpretation and Conferences Director-General ? [21]
Directorate-General for Finance Director-General ? [22]

See also[edit]

Elections[edit]

Membership lists[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Treaties of Rome and Treaty of Maastricht as amended by the Treaty of Nice and all preceding amending treaties.
  2. ^ The Treaties of Rome and Treaty of Maastricht as amended by the Treaty of Lisbon and all preceding amending treaties.
  3. ^ a b c Edward MacMillan-Scott, standing in opposition to the policy of the ECR and his national party, the Conservatives, was expelled from the group.
  4. ^ Independents, not a group

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2009 European Elections". TNS opinion in collaboration with the European Parliament. 8 July 2009. Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 9 July 2009. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ European Parliament: Martin Schulz elected President of the European Parliament
  4. ^ "European elections 2009 – Thursday 4 June 2009 72 MEPs to be elected in the United Kingdom". European Parliament website. 16 December 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  5. ^ "Briefing special edition – European Parliament constituent plenary sitting – Strasbourg 14–16 July 2009". European Parliament website. 9 July 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  6. ^ "Briefing special edition – European Parliament constituent plenary sitting – Strasbourg 14–16 July 2009". European Parliament website. 9 July 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  7. ^ Mahony, Honor (6 May 2009). "MEPs stop Le Pen from chairing European Parliament session". EUobserver. Retrieved 20 October 2009. 
  8. ^ "Your MEPs: By country and political group". Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "Conservatives expel defiant MEP". BBC News. 16 September 2009. 
  10. ^ "Rebel Euro MP Nikki Sinclaire expelled by UKIP". BBC News. 4 March 2010. 
  11. ^ "Ex-Tory MEP Edward McMillan-Scott joins Lib Dems". BBC News. 13 July 2010. 
  12. ^ "UKIP MEP leaves “eurofriendly” EFD Group". NewEurope. 13 July 2010. 

External links[edit]