7th Marine Regiment (United States)

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7th Marine Regiment
USMC - 7th Marine Regiment New Logo.png
7th Marine Regiment insignia
Active 1917 — 19, 1933 — 34; 1941 — 47; 1950 — present
Country  United States of America
Branch United States Marine Corps
Type Infantry regiment
Part of 1st Marine Division
1st Marine Expeditionary Force
Garrison/HQ MCAGCC Twentynine Palms
Nickname "Magnificent Seventh"
Motto Prepare to March
Engagements World War II
*Battle of Guadalcanal
*Battle of Peleliu
*Battle of Okinawa
Korean War
*Battle of Inchon
*Battle of Chosin Reservoir
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Iraqi Freedom
* 2003 invasion of Iraq
*Operation Phantom Fury
Operation Enduring Freedom
*Operation Moshtarak
Commanders
Current
commander
Colonel Jay M. Bargeron
Notable
commanders
Chesty Puller
Herman H. Hanneken
Homer Litzenberg
James Mattis

The 7th Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California. Nicknamed the "Magnificent Seventh", they fall under the command of the 1st Marine Division and the I Marine Expeditionary Force.

Mission[edit]

Conduct mechanized, combined-arms operations and other expeditionary operations in order to support theater engagement plans and contingency operations. The regiment will be prepared to deploy within 48-hours of the receipt of an execute order as either the ground combat element for the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade (1st MEB) or as a major subordinate element of the 1st Marine Division. As directed, the regiment will prepare infantry battalions for deployment to the Pacific Command (PACOM AOR) in order to support III Marine Expeditionary Force (III MEF) operations and training

Subordinate Units[edit]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

7th Marines was formed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 14 August 1917. During World War I, the 7th Marine Regiment immediately deployed to Cuba for two years. They were deactivated in the demobilization that followed the war. When the Marine Corps was once again called upon to provide peacekeepers in the Caribbean (1933), elements of the regiment were reactivated and deployed on Naval ships off the Cuban coast. At the end of the crisis, 7th Marines was once again inactivated.

World War II[edit]

On 1 January 1941, the 7th Marine Regiment was re-activated at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The regiment moved to what is today Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. On 18 September 1942 the regiment landed in the Solomon Islands on Guadalcanal. For four long months the regiment relentlessly attacked the Japanese defenders and repulsed banzai charges and suicidal attacks. Medal of Honor recipient "Manila John" Basilone, Mitchell Paige, and Navy Cross recipient Lewis "Chesty" Puller, served in the 7th Marine Regiment in the Battle of Guadalcanal

Arriving in Australia in January 1943, the vast majority of the regiment suffered from malaria, wounds or fatigue.

Again and again the regiment was called upon to storm the Japanese-held islands in the Pacific. The Seventh Marine Regiment fought in such places as Eastern New Guinea, New Britain, "Bloody Peleliu" and the island fortress of Okinawa. 7th Marines saw intense fighting on the island of Okinawa where they sustained 700 Marines killed or wounded in the fighting to take Dakeshi Ridge and another 500 killed or wounded in the fighting near Wana Ridge.[1]

After the surrender of Japan, 7th Marines took part in the Occupation of Northern China from 30 September 1945 through 5 January 1947. They returned to MCB Camp Pendleton, California in January 1947 and were reassigned to the 1st Marine Division. The regiment was deactivated on 6 March 1947 as part of the Marine Corps' draw down of forces after the war. 7th Marines however was quickly reactivated on 1 October 1947 but only as a shell of its former self as it consisted of only four companies. Company "C" deployed to China from 2 May through 23 June 1949 to safeguard the withdrawal of Americans and was the last element of Fleet Marine Force to depart China.[2]

Korean War[edit]

On 17 August 1950, after the outbreak of the Korean War, the Regiment was reactivated, and on 21 September 1950 the Regiment landed at Inchon, as part of the 1st Marine Division. The regiment fought from Inchon to the Yalu, at The "Frozen Chosin" Reservoir and in the long defense of South Korea until the armistice.

Soldiers watch a hill in front of them as aircraft drop bombs on it
Marines watch F4U Corsairs drop napalm as Item Company, 7th Marine Regiment move in to attack Chinese positions.

Vietnam War[edit]

In fall of 1962, substantial parts of the regiment embarked for the Caribbean and possible action in Cuba, aimed at forcing the removal of Soviet nuclear missiles pointed at the United States. As the Cuban Missile Crisis subsided, The Seventh Marines returned to Camp Pendleton, California.

In 1965, the regiment was deployed to Vietnam. While in service in the Republic of Viet Nam the 7th Marine regiment participated in the following military operations: Operation Starlite, Operation Piranha, Operation Harvest Moon, Operation Mallard, operations Texas and Indiana, Operation Golden Fleece 7-1, Operation Rio Blanco, Operation Shark, Operation Boone, Operation Duval, Operation DeSoto, Operation Foster, Tet Offensive, Operation Allen Brook, Operation Mameluke Thrust, Operation Daring Endeavor, Operation Linn River, Operation Meade River, Operation Oklahoma Hills, Operation Taylor Common Phase I of Operation Pipestone Canyon, the Defense of Que Son, Operation Pickens Forest and Operation Imperial Lake. The last elements of 7th Marines departed the Republic of Viet Nam 13 October 1970.[3]

Gulf War[edit]

In August 1990, shortly after shifting the home of the regimental colors from Camp Pendelton to the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California, the Marines and sailors of the regiment deployed to Saudi Arabia. They were part of the attack into Kuwait and eventual victory. In August 1991, as a result of the unique organizational changes that occurred in Seventh Marines, and with the addition of 3rd LAR Battalion, 3rd Tank Battalion and Delta Company, 3rd Assault Amphibian Battalion, Seventh Marine Regiment became Regimental Combat Team Seven (RCT-7).

In December 1992, RCT-7 deployed on Operation Restore Hope to relieve famine and return order to Somalia, remaining there for five months.

On 13 August 1993, on the eve of the regiment's 76th anniversary, the regiment formally marked the return to its original designation by changing its name from Regimental Combat Team 7 to 7th Marines (Reinforced).

In August 1996, organizational changes once again designated 3rd LAR Battalion (Formerly LAI Bn) and 1st Tank Battalion as separate battalions in direct support of the 7th Marine's MPF Mission. Also in direct support is Delta Company 3rd AA Battalion who returned to 3rd Assault Amphibian Battalion.

Global War on Terrorism[edit]

In January 2003, the 7th Marines deployed to Kuwait as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom. On 21 March, the regiment crossed the line of departure into Iraq as it moved to seize and cut of Iraqi units around Basrah. During the course of the next few weeks, the regiment continued the offensive to capture Baghdad and collapse the regime of Saddam Hussein. During much of the attack north, the regiment led the 1st Marine Division in the deepest attack in Marine Corps history.[citation needed] The regiment again deployed to Iraq in February 2004 where they were based at Al Asad Airbase and were responsible for security and stabilization operations in the western desert regions of Al Anbar Province. The regiment's third Iraq deployment came in 2006 where they were again operating throughout Al Anbar and based at Al Asad.

Units from Hawaii were attached to the 7th Marine Regiment in 2005 during Operation Phantom Fury to assist with the invasion of Fallujah

The regiment deployed in support of Operation Enduring Freedom as part of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Helmand Province, Afghanistan from September 2009 - September 2010. They were based at Camp Dwyer.

The regiment returned to Afghanistan in September 2012 in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and remained there until September 2013. They were based at Camp Leatherneck.

Unit awards[edit]

A unit citation or commendation is an award bestowed upon an organization for the action cited. Members of the unit who participated in said actions are allowed to wear on their uniforms the awarded unit citation. The unit is authorized to fly the appropriate streamer on its organizational flag. The 7th Marine Regiment has been presented with the following awards:[4]

Streamer Award
Streamer PUC Navy.PNG Presidential Unit Citation Streamer with one Silver and four Bronze Stars
Streamer JMUA.PNG Joint Meritorious Unit Award Streamer
Navy Unit Commendation streamer.png Navy Unit Commendation Streamer with three Bronze Stars
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Navy-Marine) Streamer.jpg Meritorious Unit Commendation Streamer with one Bronze Star
Streamer WWI V.PNG World War I Victory Streamer with "West Indies" Clasp
Streamer ADS.PNG American Defense Service Streamer with one Bronze Star
Streamer APC.PNG Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Streamer with one Silver Star
Streamer WWII V.PNG World War II Victory Streamer
Streamer NOS.PNG Navy Occupation Service Streamer with "ASIA"
Streamer CS.PNG China Service Streamer
Streamer NDS.PNG National Defense Service Streamer with three Bronze Stars
Korean Service Medal - Streamer.png Korean Service Streamer with one Silver and four Bronze Stars
Streamer AFE.PNG Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamer with one Bronze Star
Streamer VS.PNG Vietnam Service Streamer with two Silver and three Bronze Stars
Streamer SAS.PNG Southwest Asia Service Streamer with two Bronze Stars
ACM 1B.PNG Afghanistan Campaign Streamer with one Bronze Star
Streamer IQCS.PNG Iraq Campaign Streamer with three Bronze Stars
Streamer gwotE.PNG Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Streamer
Streamer gwotS.PNG Global War on Terrorism Service Streamer
Streamer KPUC.PNG Korea Presidential Unit Citation Streamer
VGCP Streamer.jpg Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm Streamer
Streamer RVMUCCA.PNG Vietnam Meritorious Unit Citation Civil Actions Streamer

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alexander (1999), p.253.
  2. ^ Lineage of the 7th Marine Regiment
  3. ^ "A Brief History of The 7th Marines", written by James S. Santelli, 1980.
  4. ^ Seventh Marine Regiment – Battle and Campaign Streamers

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
Bibliography

External links[edit]