7th Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada
The 7th Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian: Верховна Рада України VII скликання) is the current session of the legislative branch of the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's parliament. Its composition was based on the results of the 2012 parliamentary election. Half of the seats in the parliament were apportioned between the five winning parties based on the popular vote, while the other half was apportioned between 4 parties and 44 independents between 225 constituencies throughout the country. It first met in the capital Kiev on December 8, 2012 and is scheduled to end its session on December 8, 2017.
Parliamentary work was virtually paralyzed the first months of 2013 because of "opposition" (UDAR, Fatherland, Freedom, others) blocked the podium (tribune) and presidium seats on various days. According to a study conducted by Opora parliamentary deputies did not work for 53 days during the first hundred days in this (7th) session.
- December 12, 2012. Election of presidium, establishing parliamentary factions, establishing and assigning of committee, PACE Ukraine delegation, other.
- December 13, 2012. Confirming on the Presidential appointment of Mykola Azarov as the Prime Minister of Ukraine
- February 5, 2013. Parliamentary 2nd session did not start as the "opposition" (UDAR, Fatherland, Freedom, others) blocked the podium (tribune) and presidium seats in the protest of Rybak's actions and it demanded an end to the practice of deputies voting for non-present colleagues. Parliament was unblocked on 22 February 2013 after procedural measures had been implemented to prevent multiple voting.
- February 8, 2013. The Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine deprived United Centre member Pavlo Baloha (at the time a member of the Party of Regions parliamentary faction) and independent Oleksandr Dombrovsky of their deputy seats. The Court had established that the results in single-member districts number 11 (Vinnytsia Oblast; Dombrovsky) and number 71 (Zakarpattia Oblast; Baloha) during the October 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election had been "unreliable".
- March 5, 2013. The Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine stripped Andrey Verevskiy (Party of Regions) of his seat in parliament because he simultaneously was parliamentary deputy and headed a commercial entity.
- March 5, 2013. Members of Fatherland blocked the podium (tribune) and presidium seats in the protest of Chairman Rybak's inquiry to the Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine on depriving Serhiy Vlasenko (Fatherland) of his seat in parliament. Parliament was unblocked on 19 March 2013.
- March 6, 2013. The Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine stripped Serhiy Vlasenko (Fatherland) of his seat in parliament because he practiced advocacy and was a people’s deputy at the same time.
- March 19, 2013. Party of Regions parliamentary leader Oleksandr Yefremov accused deputies from Svoboda of being neo-fascists after they booed a speech he made in Russian, which provoked a physical altercation to erupt between the two sides.
- March 29, 2013. Party of Regions members started to gather signatures for dismissal of Ruslan Koshulynsky from the position of parliamentary vice-speaker. According to one of the Party of Regions members, Inna Bohoslovska it is done due to the fact that Svoboda is a neo-fascist party.
- April 3, 2013. Parliamentary session did not start as the "opposition" (UDAR, Fatherland, Freedom, others) blocked the podium (tribune) and presidium seats; they had three demands:
- Calling mayoral elections in Kiev
- Repealing pension reform
- Considering the resignation of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
- April 4, 2013. With the blocking the podium (tribune) and presidium seats continuing pro-government legislators left the official parliament hall and voted to approve to routine pieces of legislation in a nearby building (6-8 vulytsia Bankova); according to them (chairman of parliamentary regulations committee and participants of the Bankova meeting) "the sitting of the parliament could be held in another place if legislators want". Party of Regions stated 244 deputies (in the 450-seat parliament) supported the move, but the opposition insists that number was 182. The last time the parliament split into two and held two sessions on two different premises was in 2000. One of the opposition leaders Oleh Tyahnybok pointed out to the fact that the decision to conduct a session beyond the premises of Verkhovna Rada building should be first adopted in the parliament building, citing the parliamentary regulations. Opposition also claimed that none of its representatives were allowed to attend the session at Bankova.
- April 4, 2013. Batkivschyna legislators Oleh Kanivets, Vitaliy Nemylostyvy, Roman Stadniychuk and Ihor Skosar wrote statements to Verkhovna Rada Chairman Volodymyr Rybak with an applications to withdraw from the Batkivschyna faction. Later that day (only) Nemylostyvy and Stadniychuk confirm this while Kanivets and Skosar insisted that they are still the members of the Batkivschyna faction the press service of Batkivschyna party reported. Again later that day Kanivets and Skosar released a manifesto statement they did made “the only possible decision – to leave the ranks of the faction” because (Batkivschyna faction leader) Arseniy Yatsenyuk "is leading to an intraparty split and is a politically corrupt man, who dreams of becoming a national leader”.
- April 5, 2013. Parliament did not start its session, as it was still blocked; the next plenary session of the parliament is scheduled for April 16.
- April 11, 2013. Leaders of opposition factions, Yatsenyuk (Fatherland), Vitali Klitschko (UDAR) and Oleh Tyahnybok (Freedom) are due to appear in the Holosiyivsky District Court of Kiev under a lawsuit filed by citizen Vira Ivanova due to the blocking of the Verkhovna Rada.
- June 6, 2013. The opposition blocked the parliaments presidium seats until President Viktor Yanukovych reports his annual address to parliament personally in parliament (he had sent a written report).
- July 7, 2013. Pavlo Baloha and Oleksandr Dombrovsky mandates were officially cancelled.
- September 3, 2013 (opening session of the Verkhovna Rada after the summer recess). President Yanukovych urged parliament to adopt laws so that Ukraine will meet the European Union (EU) criteria so Ukraine and the EU can formally sign an Association Agreement in November 2013.
- September 5, 2013. The Verkhovna Rada itself set the date of the 7 re-elections to 15 December 2013.
- September 12, 2013. The Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine deprived Rodina Party member Ihor Markov (at the time a member of the Party of Regions parliamentary faction) of his deputy seats. The Court had established that the results in single-member districts number 133 (Odessa) had been "unreliable".
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Party of Regions||Batkivshchyna||UDAR||Svoboda||Communists||Economic Development||Sovereign European Ukraine||For Peace and Stability||Non-affiliated|
|End of previous convocation||195||97||DNP||DNP||25||DNP||DNP||DNP||31||348||102|
|December 12, 2012||208||99||42||36||32||-||-||-||27||444||6|
|June 11, 2013||207||93||42||36||32||-||-||-||34||444||6|
|December 31, 2013||204||90||42||36||32||-||-||-||38||442||8|
|February 21, 2014||177||90||42||36||32||-||-||-||55||442||8|
|February 22, 2014||134||88||42||36||32||-||-||-||115||447||3|
|February 23, 2014||131||88||42||36||32||-||-||-||118||447||3|
|February 24, 2014||128||88||42||36||32||-||-||-||123||449||1|
|February 25, 2014||127||88||42||36||32||33||-||-||91||449||1|
|February 27, 2014||122||88||42||36||32||32||37||-||60||449||1|
|February 28, 2014||122||88||42||36||32||36||36||-||57||449||1|
|March 4, 2014||119||87||42||33||32||36||36||-||60||445||5|
|March 15, 2014||120||88||42||35||32||37||36||-||58||448||2|
|March 18, 2014||120||82||41||33||32||37||36||-||58||439||11|
|March 25, 2014||120||88||41||35||32||37||36||-||58||447||3|
|April 8, 2014||109||88||41||34||33||38||36||-||68||446||4|
|April 10, 2014||108||88||41||35||33||38||36||-||70||449||1|
|April 11, 2014||106||88||42||35||33||37||36||-||71||448||2|
|April 20, 2014||104||88||41||35||33||37||36||-||72||446||4|
|May 16, 2014||103||88||41||35||33||39||35||-||73||447||3|
|May 29, 2014||103||87||41||35||31||40||35||-||74||446||4|
|June 6, 2014||80||85||40||35||32||40||35||-||95||442||8|
|July 1, 2014||80||86||41||35||24||40||35||-||104||445||5|
|July 2, 2014||80||86||41||35||24||40||35||32||73||445||5|
|July 4, 2014||78||86||41||35||23||40||35||34||73||445||5|
|July 24, 2014||78||86||41||35||-||41||35||34||95||445||5|
|July 25, 2014||78||86||41||35||-||41||35||36||93||445||5|
|Latest voting share||17.5%||19.3%||9.2%||7.9%||0.0%||9.2%||7.9%||8.1%||20.9%|
|Note: The parties United Centre (3 seats), People's Party (2 seats), Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko (1 seat) and Union (1 seat) did not form their own faction. Their deputies did not join any faction besides 1 deputy of People's Party who became a member of the Party of Regions faction in December 2012 and Union's deputy joined the then newly created faction For Peace and Stability on 2 July 2014.
The Communist Party of Ukraine faction was dissolved 24 July 2014 two days after parliament had changed its regulations.
The ruling majority (225+ votes) is "situational" and officially consists of Party of Regions and most unaffiliated members.[original research?] Communists are officially in opposition to everyone but its parliamentary faction usually votes exactly the same as the Party of Regions parliamentary faction. The parliamentary opposition includes UDAR, Fatherland and Freedom and other unaffiliated members.
Note: The Chairman and his deputies are non-affiliated member of parliament.
- Chairman: Oleksandr Turchynov (since 22 February 2014)
- 1st Deputy Chairman: Ihor Kalyetnyk (13 December 2012 — 22 February 2014)
- Deputy Chairman: Ruslan Koshulynsky
- Leader of Party of Regions faction: Oleksandr Yefremov
- Leader of Fatherland faction: Arseniy Yatsenyuk
- Leader of UDAR faction: Vitali Klitschko
- Leader of Freedom faction: Oleh Tyahnybok
- Leader of Communist Party of Ukraine faction: Petro Symonenko
- Leader of Economic Development faction: Anatoliy Kinakh
- Leader of Sovereign European Ukraine faction: Igor Eremeev
- Leader of For Peace and Stability faction: Vitaly Hrushevskyi