7th Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada

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The 7th Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian: Верховна Рада України VII скликання) is the current session of the legislative branch of the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's parliament. Its composition was based on the results of the 2012 parliamentary election. Half of the seats in the parliament were apportioned between the five winning parties based on the popular vote, while the other half was apportioned between 4 parties and 44 independents between 225 constituencies throughout the country. It first met in the capital Kiev on December 8, 2012 and is scheduled to end its session on December 8, 2017.

Parliamentary work was virtually paralyzed the first months of 2013 because of "opposition" (UDAR, Fatherland, Freedom, others) blocked the podium (tribune) and presidium seats on various days.[1] According to a study conducted by Opora parliamentary deputies did not work for 53 days during the first hundred days in this (7th) session.[2]

Major events[edit]

  • December 12, 2012. Election of presidium, establishing parliamentary factions, establishing and assigning of committee, PACE Ukraine delegation, other.
  • December 13, 2012. Confirming on the Presidential appointment of Mykola Azarov as the Prime Minister of Ukraine
  • February 5, 2013. Parliamentary 2nd session did not start as the "opposition" (UDAR, Fatherland, Freedom, others) blocked the podium (tribune) and presidium seats in the protest of Rybak's actions and it demanded an end to the practice of deputies voting for non-present colleagues.[3] Parliament was unblocked on 22 February 2013 after procedural measures had been implemented to prevent multiple voting.[4]
  • February 8, 2013. The Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine deprived United Centre member Pavlo Baloha (at the time a member of the Party of Regions parliamentary faction) and independent Oleksandr Dombrovsky of their deputy seats.[5] The Court had established that the results in single-member districts number 11 (Vinnytsia Oblast; Dombrovsky) and number 71 (Zakarpattia Oblast; Baloha) during the October 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election had been "unreliable".[5][6]
  • March 5, 2013. The Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine stripped Andrey Verevskiy (Party of Regions) of his seat in parliament because he simultaneously was parliamentary deputy and headed a commercial entity.[7]
  • March 5, 2013. Members of Fatherland blocked the podium (tribune) and presidium seats in the protest of Chairman Rybak's inquiry to the Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine on depriving Serhiy Vlasenko (Fatherland) of his seat in parliament.[8] Parliament was unblocked on 19 March 2013.[9]
  • March 6, 2013. The Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine stripped Serhiy Vlasenko (Fatherland) of his seat in parliament because he practiced advocacy and was a people’s deputy at the same time.[10]
  • March 19, 2013. Party of Regions parliamentary leader Oleksandr Yefremov accused deputies from Svoboda of being neo-fascists after they booed a speech he made in Russian, which provoked a physical altercation to erupt between the two sides.[11][12]
  • March 29, 2013. Party of Regions members started to gather signatures for dismissal of Ruslan Koshulynsky from the position of parliamentary vice-speaker.[13] According to one of the Party of Regions members, Inna Bohoslovska it is done due to the fact that Svoboda is a neo-fascist party.[14]
  • April 3, 2013. Parliamentary session did not start as the "opposition" (UDAR, Fatherland, Freedom, others) blocked the podium (tribune) and presidium seats; they had three demands:[15]
  1. Calling mayoral elections in Kiev
  2. Repealing pension reform
  3. Considering the resignation of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.
  • April 4, 2013. With the blocking the podium (tribune) and presidium seats continuing pro-government legislators left the official parliament hall and voted to approve to routine pieces of legislation in a nearby building (6-8 vulytsia Bankova); according to them (chairman of parliamentary regulations committee and participants of the Bankova meeting) "the sitting of the parliament could be held in another place if legislators want".[1][16] Party of Regions stated 244 deputies (in the 450-seat parliament) supported the move, but the opposition insists that number was 182.[17] The last time the parliament split into two and held two sessions on two different premises was in 2000.[17] One of the opposition leaders Oleh Tyahnybok pointed out to the fact that the decision to conduct a session beyond the premises of Verkhovna Rada building should be first adopted in the parliament building, citing the parliamentary regulations.[18] Opposition also claimed that none of its representatives were allowed to attend the session at Bankova.[17][18][19]
  • April 4, 2013. Batkivschyna legislators Oleh Kanivets, Vitaliy Nemylostyvy, Roman Stadniychuk and Ihor Skosar wrote statements to Verkhovna Rada Chairman Volodymyr Rybak with an applications to withdraw from the Batkivschyna faction.[20] Later that day (only) Nemylostyvy and Stadniychuk confirm this while Kanivets and Skosar insisted that they are still the members of the Batkivschyna faction the press service of Batkivschyna party reported.[20][21] Again later that day Kanivets and Skosar released a manifesto statement they did made “the only possible decision – to leave the ranks of the faction” because (Batkivschyna faction leader[22][23]) Arseniy Yatsenyuk "is leading to an intraparty split and is a politically corrupt man, who dreams of becoming a national leader”.[24]
  • April 5, 2013. Parliament did not start its session, as it was still blocked; the next plenary session of the parliament is scheduled for April 16.[25]
  • April 11, 2013. Leaders of opposition factions, Yatsenyuk (Fatherland), Vitali Klitschko (UDAR) and Oleh Tyahnybok (Freedom) are due to appear in the Holosiyivsky District Court of Kiev under a lawsuit filed by citizen Vira Ivanova due to the blocking of the Verkhovna Rada.[26]
  • June 6, 2013. The opposition blocked the parliaments presidium seats until President Viktor Yanukovych reports his annual address to parliament personally in parliament (he had sent a written report).[27]
  • July 7, 2013. Pavlo Baloha and Oleksandr Dombrovsky mandates were officially cancelled.[28]
  • September 3, 2013 (opening session of the Verkhovna Rada after the summer recess[29]). President Yanukovych urged parliament to adopt laws so that Ukraine will meet the European Union (EU) criteria so Ukraine and the EU can formally sign an Association Agreement in November 2013.[29]
  • September 5, 2013. The Verkhovna Rada itself set the date of the 7 re-elections to 15 December 2013.[30]
  • September 12, 2013. The Higher Administrative Court of Ukraine deprived Rodina Party member Ihor Markov (at the time a member of the Party of Regions parliamentary faction) of his deputy seats.[31] The Court had established that the results in single-member districts number 133 (Odessa[32]) had been "unreliable".[31]

Faction summary[edit]

Council Party standings (July 1, 2014)
  86 Fatherland
  41 UDAR
  36 Freedom
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Party of Regions Batkivshchyna UDAR Svoboda Communists Economic Development Sovereign European Ukraine For Peace and Stability Non-affiliated
End of previous convocation[33][34] 195 97 DNP DNP 25 DNP DNP DNP 31 348 102
Begin[35] 185 101 40 37 32 - - - 43 438 12
December 12, 2012[33] 208 99 42 36 32 - - - 27 444 6
June 11, 2013[33] 207 93 42 36 32 - - - 34 444 6
December 31, 2013[33] 204 90 42 36 32 - - - 38 442 8
February 21, 2014[36] 177 90 42 36 32 - - - 55 442 8
February 22, 2014[33][37] 134 88 42 36 32 - - - 115 447 3
February 23, 2014[33] 131 88 42 36 32 - - - 118 447 3
February 24, 2014[33] 128 88 42 36 32 - - - 123 449 1
February 25, 2014[33] 127 88 42 36 32 33 - - 91 449 1
February 27, 2014[33] 122 88 42 36 32 32 37 - 60 449 1
February 28, 2014[33] 122 88 42 36 32 36 36 - 57 449 1
March 4, 2014[33] 119 87 42 33 32 36 36 - 60 445 5
March 15, 2014[33] 120 88 42 35 32 37 36 - 58 448 2
March 18, 2014[33] 120 82 41 33 32 37 36 - 58 439 11
March 25, 2014[33] 120 88 41 35 32 37 36 - 58 447 3
April 8, 2014[33] 109 88 41 34 33 38 36 - 68 446 4
April 10, 2014[33] 108 88 41 35 33 38 36 - 70 449 1
April 11, 2014[33] 106 88 42 35 33 37 36 - 71 448 2
April 20, 2014[33] 104 88 41 35 33 37 36 - 72 446 4
May 16, 2014[33] 103 88 41 35 33 39 35 - 73 447 3
May 29, 2014[33] 103 87 41 35 31 40 35 - 74 446 4
June 6, 2014[33] 80 85 40 35 32 40 35 - 95 442 8
July 1, 2014[33] 80 86 41 35 24 40 35 - 104 445 5
July 2, 2014[33] 80 86 41 35 24 40 35 32 73 445 5
July 4, 2014[33] 78 86 41 35 23 40 35 34 73 445 5
July 24, 2014[33] 78 86 41 35 - 41 35 34 95 445 5
July 25, 2014[33] 78 86 41 35 - 41 35 36 93 445 5
Latest voting share 17.5% 19.3% 9.2% 7.9% 0.0% 9.2% 7.9% 8.1% 20.9%
Note: The parties United Centre (3 seats), People's Party (2 seats), Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko (1 seat) and Union (1 seat) did not form their own faction. Their deputies did not join any faction besides 1 deputy of People's Party who became a member of the Party of Regions faction in December 2012[33] and Union's deputy joined the then newly created faction For Peace and Stability on 2 July 2014.[38][39]

The Communist Party of Ukraine faction was dissolved 24 July 2014 two days after parliament had changed its regulations.[40]

The ruling majority (225+ votes) is "situational" and officially consists of Party of Regions and most unaffiliated members.[citation needed][original research?] Communists are officially in opposition to everyone[41] but its parliamentary faction usually votes exactly the same as the Party of Regions parliamentary faction.[42] The parliamentary opposition includes UDAR, Fatherland and Freedom and other unaffiliated members.[43]

Presidium[edit]

Note: The Chairman and his deputies are non-affiliated member of parliament.

Members[edit]

Party list[edit]

Regional constituencies[48][edit]