During the 7th millennium BC, agriculture spreads from Anatolia to the Balkans.
World population was essentially stable at around 5 million people, living mostly scattered across the globe in small hunter-gatherer bands. In the agricultural communities of the Middle East, the cow was domesticated and use of pottery became common, spreading to Europe and South Asia, and the first metal (gold and copper) ornaments were made.
This stone mask from the pre-ceramic neolithic period dates to 7000 BC and is probably the oldest mask in the world (Musée de la bible et Terre Sainte )
Excavations at the South Area of Çatal Höyük
7th millennium BC sculptures rocks from the Middle East found in modern-day United States
at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
Inventions, discoveries, introductions 
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- c. 7000 BC: Mesolithic site Lepenski Vir emerges in today's Serbia
- c. 7000 BC: Earliest pottery in Ancient Near East
- c. 7000 BC: Elam became farming region
- c. 7000 BC: Chinese domestication of rice, millet, soy beans, and yams (1990 Rand McNally Atlas)
- c. 7000 BC: Red pepper, bottle gourd, avocados, and squash cultivated on Pacific coast of Guatemala (Bailey 1973)
- c. 7000 BC-6000 BC: The transition to farming begins in Mesoamerica
- c. 6500 BC: Naalebinding, a form of knitting, used in Judean Desert (modern day Israel)
- c. 6500 BC: Two breeds of non-wolf dogs in Scandinavia; domestic hogs in Jarmo and cattle in Turkey
- c. 6200 BC: Mural painting or map from Çatalhöyük, an early civilized city that prospered by trading obsidian, Anatolia—modern Turkey.
- 6000 BC: Ban Po settlement in China
- Agriculture appears around in the Balkans, see Old European Culture
- Beekeeping is first recorded. Rock paintings on cave walls in Africa and eastern Spain show people gathering honey from trees or rock crevices while bees fly around them—cave drawings in Spain, near Valencia
- Pastoralism and cultivation of cereals (East Sahara)
- Gold and native copper begin to be used
- Middle East: Domestication of the cow)
- Archaic pottery making, burial mound construction, and garden technology (North America)
- North America: Indigenous peoples of the Americas begin using stone to grind food and to hunt American Bison and smaller animals
- North America: Deciduous plants make their appearance on Long Island
- North America: Northern Atlantic Ocean is cooled by 3–6°C due to enormous floods.
- Mexico—Incipient agriculture begins (North America)
- Peru, Guitarrero Cave, plant fibers are twisted, knotted, and looped into baskets, mats (South America)
- Eastern Mediterranean, forms of pottery become decoration
- Animal figures of Estuarine-period rock painting in Australia include saltwater fish and crocodiles
Environmental changes 
- c. 7000 BC: Wild horse populations drop in Europe proper; horse disappears from the island of Great Britain, but was never found in Ireland. (Horse & Man, Clutton-Brock) Extinction probably caused by climatic shift, leading to excessively rich spring feed and mass lameness from founder, making them easy prey (Bolich & Ingraham)
- c. 7000 BC: English Channel formed
- c. 7000 BC: Neolithic Subpluvial begins in northern Africa
- 6440±25 BC: Kurile volcano on Russia's Kamchatka Peninsula has VEI 7 eruption. It is one of the largest of the Holocene epoch
- 6250 BC: Eruptions occur in the Indian Heaven Volcanic field located in central Washington State.
- c. 6200 BC: The 8.2 kiloyear event was a sharp decrease in global temperatures that lasted for 2-4 hundred years, possibly caused by an influx of glacial meltwater into the North Atlantic ocean.
- c. 6100 BC: The Storegga Slide, causing a megatsunami in the Norwegian Sea
- c. 6000 BC: Rising sea levels form the Torres Strait, separating Australia from New Guinea
- c. 6000 BC: Between 12,000 BC and 5000 BC it appears that massive inland flooding was taking place in several regions of the world, making for subsequent sea level rises which could be relatively abrupt for many worldwide.