7th millennium BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Millennia:
Centuries:
  • 70th century BC
  • 69th century BC
  • 68th century BC
  • 67th century BC
  • 66th century BC
  • 65th century BC
  • 64th century BC
  • 63rd century BC
  • 62nd century BC
  • 61st century BC
Jiahu symbols from 6600 BC, Henan, China
Millennia:
Centuries:
  • 70th century BC
  • 69th century BC
  • 68th century BC
  • 67th century BC
  • 66th century BC
  • 65th century BC
  • 64th century BC
  • 63rd century BC
  • 62nd century BC
  • 61st century BC

During the 7th millennium BC, agriculture spreads from Anatolia to the Balkans.

World population was essentially stable at around 5 million people, living mostly scattered around the globe in small hunter-gatherer bands. In the agricultural communities of the Middle East, the cow was domesticated and use of pottery became common, spreading to Europe and South Asia, and the first metal (gold and copper) ornaments were made.

Cultures[edit]

This stone mask from the pre-ceramic neolithic period dates to 7000 BC and is probably the oldest mask in the world (Musée de la bible et Terre Sainte )
Excavations at the South Area of Çatal Höyük
7th millennium BC sculptures rocks from the Middle East found in modern-day United States at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York
The Neolithic
Mesolithic
Fertile Crescent
Levantine corridor
Heavy Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Qaraoun culture
Tahunian culture
Yarmukian Culture
Halaf culture
Halaf-Ubaid Transitional period
Ubaid culture
Byblos
Jericho
Pre-Pottery (A, B)
Tell Aswad
Çatalhöyük
Jarmo
Europe
Boian culture
Cernavodă culture
Coțofeni culture
Cucuteni-Trypillian culture
Dudeşti culture
Gorneşti culture
Gumelniţa–Karanovo culture
Hamangia culture
Linear Pottery culture
Malta Temples
Petreşti culture
Sesklo culture
Tisza culture
Tiszapolgár culture
Usatovo culture
Varna culture
Vinča culture
Vučedol culture
Neolithic Transylvania
Neolithic Southeastern Europe
China
Peiligang culture
Pengtoushan culture
Beixin culture
Cishan culture
Dadiwan culture
Houli culture
Xinglongwa culture
Xinle culture
Zhaobaogou culture
Hemudu culture
Daxi culture
Majiabang culture
Yangshao culture
Hongshan culture
Dawenkou culture
Liangzhu culture
Majiayao culture
Qujialing culture
Longshan culture
Baodun culture
Shijiahe culture
Erlitou culture
Tibet
South Asia
Mehrgarh

farming, animal husbandry
pottery, metallurgy, wheel
circular ditches, henges, megaliths
Neolithic religion

Chalcolithic

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

Environmental changes[edit]

Holocene Epoch
Pleistocene
Holocene/Anthropocene
Preboreal (10.3 ka – 9 ka)
Boreal (9 ka – 7.5 ka)
Atlantic (7.5 ka5 ka)
Subboreal (5 ka2.5 ka)
Subatlantic (2.5 ka – present)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, "Melanesian cultures"
  2. ^ Ancient Pig DNA Study Sheds New Light On Colonization Of Europe By Early Farmers (2007) [1]
  3. ^ Isotopic data show farming arrived in Europe with migrants, 11 Feb 2013 [2]
  4. ^ Europe Between the Oceans by Barry Cunliffe, 2008, page 94
  5. ^ Roberts, J: "History of the World." Penguin, 1994.