818th Strategic Aerospace Division
|818th Strategic Aerospace Division|
Boeing B-47, the primary strike aircraft of the 818th SAD
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||Command of strategic strike forces|
|Part of||Strategic Air Command|
|Emblem of the 818th Strategic Aerospace Division emblem (approved 12 January 1956)|
The 818th Strategic Aerospace Division is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Strategic Air Command at Lincoln Air Force Base, Nebraska, where it was inactivated on 25 March 1965.
The division was activated at Lincoln in 1954 as the 818th Air Division to provide a single headquarters for the base as the 98th and 307th Bombardment Wings returned from Korean War operations with the Boeing B-29 Superfortress and prepared to convert to the Boeing B-47 Stratojet. From 1962 until 1964 the division also commanded a wing at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska. In 1962, the division assumed responsibility for a Post Attack Command and Control System squadron operating Boeing B-47 Stratojets. One month later, it was also assigned Offutt based Boeing EC-135s. performing the similar Looking Glass Mission.
In August 1954, Strategic Air Command (SAC) activated the 818th Air Division as the command headquarters for Lincoln Air Force Base, Nebraska in anticipation of the return in November of the 307th Bombardment Wing from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, where it had been supporting Far East Air Forces in the Korean War. The 307th would join the 98th Bombardment Wing, which had moved to Lincoln in July 1954 from Yokota Air Base, Japan. The 98th's Boeing KC-97 Stratotankers were already at Lincoln, and the two wings prepared to convert to Boeing B-47 Stratojets. The 818th Air Base Group was activated with the division, assuming responsibility for managing support activities at Lincoln from the 98th Air Base Group, which had arrived at Lincoln in November 1953 to reopen the former World War II base and prepare it for jet bomber operations.
The division was initially responsible to train its two wings for long range offensive bombardment and worldwide air refueling operations. The division participated in numerous tactical training exercises. The 98th Bombardment Wing deployed as a unit to RAF Lakenheath in late 1955. The 307th wing, which did not receive its first B-47s and KC-97s until 1955, also deployed as a unit to England in 1956.
In April 1960 the division conducted Exercise Open Road, testing Minimum Interval Takeoff of its KC-97s, with the planes departing every fifteen seconds. However, stationing slow moving KC-97s in Nebraska, near the center of North America, required them to be deployed to forward locations[note 1] and the tankers of the division began to be withdrawn. Although some consideration had been given to upgrading the division's refueling units to Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers in 1960, instead, the 307th Air Refueling Squadron moved to Selfridge Air Force Base in 1960 and the 98th Air Refueling Squadron was inactivated in 1963.
In the spring of 1961, the division was assigned the 551st Strategic Missile Squadron, an SM-65 Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile unit, although the squadron did not assume full responsibility for operation of the Atlas missile sites until the fall of 1962. In the spring of 1962 SAC units with responsibility for both bomber and missile forces were renamed to include the term "aerospace" in their designations. The 818th became the 818th Strategic Aerospace Division. In 1964 the 551st was reassigned to the 98th wing, which then became the 98th Strategic Aerospace Wing.
In July 1962, the 4362d Support Squadron, which operated EB-47s of the Post Attack Command and Control System (PACCS), was activated and assigned to the division. This squadron did not become operational until 31 July 1962. Although assigned to the division, it was attached to the 307th wing.
A month after the 4362d squadron was assigned to the division, the 4321st Strategic Wing at Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska was reassigned from the 17th Strategic Aerospace Division. The 4321st commanded an air refueling squadron and a missile squadron. This wing's 34th Air Refueling Squadron also flew eight Boeing EC-135s, performing the Looking Glass mission, operating the airborne command post for SAC in addition to providing refueling support for Operation Chrome Dome, the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress airborne alert program.
In January 1963, The 385th Strategic Aerospace Wing assumed the aircraft, personnel and equipment of the discontinued 4321st wing. The 4321st was a Major Command controlled (MAJCON) wing, which could not carry a permanent history or lineage, and SAC wanted to replace it with a permanent unit. The 385th wing was active for less than two years, however, and began to prepare for inactivation on 1 December 1964, when its Atlas missile squadron became non-operational and its missiles were transferred to the San Bernardino Air Materiel Area. The 34th Air Refueling Squadron was attached directly to the division. Two weeks later the 385th inactivated and the division's wings were once again all located at Lincoln.
The division was inactivated three months later as the phaseout of B-47s reduced Lincoln to a single wing. The 98th Bombardment Wing became the host at Lincoln and its 98th Combat Support Group took over the personnel, mission and equipment of the 818th Combat Support Group. The 98th wing and the 34th Air Refueling Squadron were transferred to the 810th Strategic Aerospace Division.
- Constituted as the 818th Air Division on 27 August 1954
- Activated on 11 October 1954
- Redesignated 818th Strategic Aerospace Division on 1 March 1962
- Discontinued and inactivated on 25 March 1965
- Fifteenth Air Force, 11 October 1954
- Eighth Air Force, 1 July 1955
- Second Air Force, 1 January 1959 - 25 March 1965
- 98th Bombardment Wing (later 98th Strategic Aerospace Wing): 11 October 1954 - 25 March 1965 (attached to 7th Air Division 11 November 1955 - 29 January 1956)
- 307th Bombardment Wing: 11 October 1954 - 25 March 1965 (attached to Twentieth Air Force until 19 November 1954 and to 7th Air Division 7 July 1956 - 5 October 1956)
- 385th Strategic Aerospace Wing: 1 January 1963 - 15 December 1964
- 4321st Strategic Wing: 15 August 1962 - 1 January 1963
- Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska
- 818th Air Base Group (later 818th Combat Support Group): 11 October 1954 - 25 March 1965
- 818th Medical Group: 1 September 1958 - 25 March 1965
- 34th Air Refueling Squadron: attached on 1 December 1964 and assigned from 15 December 1964 - 1 April 1965
- Offutt Air Force Base, Nebraska
- 551st Strategic Missile Squadron: 1 April 1961 - 1 January 1964
- 3949th Air Base Squadron, c. 1 April 1960 - 15 August 1962
- Churchill RCAF Station, Canada
- 4362d Support Squadron (later 4362d Post Attack Command Control Squadron): 20 July 1962 - 24 December 1964 (attached to 308th Bombardment Wing)
- 4168th USAF Hospital: 1 February 1955 - 1 January 1958
Aircraft and Missiles
- Boeing B-47 Stratojet, 1954–1965
- Boeing EB-47 Stratojet 1962-1964
- Boeing KC-97 Stratotanker 1954-1963
- Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker, 1962–1965
- Boeing EC-135, 1962-1965
- SM-65 Atlas, 1961–1964
- Sikorsky H-19[note 2]
- de Havilland Canada U-6A Beaver
- Mission support aircraft also included C-45G, C-45H, C-47, C-119 and B-25
- The division operated one of these locations in northern Manitoba, Canada.
- The H-19s and U6s were assigned to the 818th Combat Support Group to support the Atlas missile sites of the 551st Strategic Missile Squadron. The exact dates of assignment are unclear, although the H-19s began to be phased out in July 1963.
- "Factsheet 818 Strategic Aerospace Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 10/11/2007. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2014. Check date values in:
- Ravenstein, Combat Wings, pp. 153-156
- Ravenstein, Combat Wings, pp. 138-141
- "Abstract, History 818 Air Division Mar-Jun 1955". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Abstract, History 818 Air Division Apr-May 1960". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Abstract, Vol. 2, History 98 Bombardment Wing Nov 1960". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- See Ravenstein, pp. 138-141, 153-156
- "Abstract (Unclassified), Vol. 1, History 818 Air Division Oct 1962 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Abstract, History 17 Strategic Aerospace Division". Air Force History Index. 1 August 1962. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History 4321 Strategic Wing Dec 1962 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History 4321 Strategic Wing Aug-Sep 1962 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- Ravenstein, Guide to Air Force Lineage, p. 12
- Ravenstein, Combat Wings p. 209
- "Abstract, History 385 Strategic Aerospace Wing Oct-Dec 1964". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- "Factsheet 810 Strategic Aerospace Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 10/11/2007. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2014. Check date values in:
- Lineage, including assignments, stations, components and aircraft in 818th Factsheet except as noted
- "Abstract, History 818 Air Division Oct-Dec 1954". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History 818 Air Division Aug 1962 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History 818 Air Division Jul 1962 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History 818 Air Division Jan 1963 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- "Abstract, History 818 Air Division Mar 1956". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947-1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). A Guide to Air Force Lineage and Honors (2d, Revised ed.). Maxwell AFB, AL: USAF Historical Research Center.
- Seventy Years of Strategic Air Refueling, 1918-1988: A Chronology. Offutt AFB, NE: Strategic Air Command Office of the Historian. 1990. OCLC 21460930.