82nd New York State Legislature
|82nd New York State Legislature|
The Old State Capitol (1879)
|Duration: January 1 – December 31, 1859|
|President of the State Senate:||Lt. Gov. Robert Campbell (R)|
|Temporary President of the State Senate:||William A. Wheeler (R), from January 18|
|Speaker of the State Assembly:||DeWitt C. Littlejohn (R)|
|Senate Majority:||Republican (17-13-2)|
|Assembly Majority:||Republican (91-29-8)|
|1st: January 4 – April 19, 1859|
The 82nd New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 4 to April 19, 1859, during the first year of Edwin D. Morgan's governorship, in Albany.
Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1846, 32 Senators and 128 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; senators for a two-year term, assemblymen for a one-year term. The senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County (four districts) and Kings County (two districts). The Assembly districts were made up of entire towns, or city wards, forming a contiguous area, all within the same county.
The New York state election, 1858 was held on November 2. Republicans Edwin D. Morgan and Robert Campbell were elected Governor and Lieutenant Governor. The other two statewide elective offices were also carried by the Republicans. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor was: Republican 248,000; Democratic 230,000; and American 61,000.
The Legislature met for the regular session at the Old State Capitol in Albany on January 4, 1859; and adjourned on April 19.
On January 18, William A. Wheeler (R) was elected President pro tempore of the State Senate.
Note: There are now 62 counties in the State of New York. The counties which are not mentioned in this list had not yet been established, or sufficiently organized, the area being included in one or more of the abovementioned counties.
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.
|1st||Joshua B. Smith*||Democrat|
|3rd||Francis B. Spinola*||Democrat|
|4th||John C. Mather*||Democrat|
|5th||Smith Ely, Jr.*||Democrat|
|7th||John Doherty*||Democrat||died on April 20, 1859|
|9th||Osmer B. Wheeler*||American|
|10th||George W. Pratt*||Democrat|
|11th||William G. Mandeville*||Democrat||contested; seat declared vacant on March 16|
|Henry C. Wetmore||American||seated on April 5|
|12th||John D. Willard*||Democrat|
|13th||George Y. Johnson*||American|
|14th||Edward I. Burhans*||Democrat|
|15th||George G. Scott*||Democrat|
|16th||Ralph A. Loveland*||Republican|
|17th||William A. Wheeler*||Republican||on January 18, elected President pro tempore|
|18th||Joseph A. Willard*||Republican|
|20th||Addison H. Laflin*||Republican|
|23rd||John J. Foote*||Republican|
|25th||Alexander B. Williams*||Republican|
|27th||Alexander S. Diven*||Republican|
|28th||John E. Paterson*||Republican|
|29th||Horatio J. Stow*||Independent||did not take his seat during this session;
died on February 19, 1859
|George D. Lamont||Republican||elected to fill vacancy; seated on March 21|
|30th||John B. Halsted*||Republican|
|31st||Erastus S. Prosser||Republican||elected to fill vacancy, in place of James Wadsworth|
|32nd||John P. Darling*||Republican|
- Clerk: Samuel P. Allen
- Deputy Clerk: Henry J. Sickles
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Henry W. Dwight
- Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: Simeon Dillingham
- Doorkeeper: Richard U. Owens
- First Assistant Doorkeeper: Henry W. Shipman
- Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Samuel Ten Eyck
- Third Assistant Doorkeeper: James P. Clark
- Journal Clerk: James Terwilliger
- Engrossing Clerks: A. N. Cole, Charles G. Fairman
The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued as members of this Legislature.
Party affiliations follow the vote for Speaker.
- Clerk: William Richardson
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Daniel M. Prescott
- Doorkeeper: George C. Dennis
- First Assistant Doorkeeper:
- Second Assistant Doorkeeper:
- Mandeville had been appointed as Postmaster of Stuyvesant Falls in June 1858, had executed his oath and bond, had sent them to the U.S. Postal Department but, before his commission could have been issued, had declined to take the office. He then appeared at the beginning of the session of 1859, and took his seat. After much debate the Republican majority declared the seat vacant, holding that the mere one-time acceptance of the office forfeited the seat.
- Wetmore had been elected at the State election in November 1858, although a vacancy was claimed only unilaterally, no notice of such a special election had been given by the Secretary of State, and no candidates were nominated by the other parties. After much controversy, Wetmore was finally seated by the Republican majority, under protest by the Democrats. For the arguments for and against seating Wetmore, see Documents of the Senate (82nd Session) (1859; Vol. 2, No. 104 and 105)
- William Richardson (1822–1893), later an alderman in Brooklyn, and owner of the Atlantic Avenue Railroad; see Biography
- The New York Civil List compiled by Franklin Benjamin Hough, Stephen C. Hutchins and Edgar Albert Werner (1867; see pg. 439 for Senate districts; pg. 442 for senators; pg. 450–462 for Assembly districts; and pg. 487ff for assemblymen)
- Journal of the Senate (82nd Session) (1859)
- Journal of the Assembly (82nd Session) (1859)
- Biographical Sketches of the State Officers and Members of the Legislature of the State of New York in 1859 by William D. Murphy