9th century in Ireland

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800s[edit]

802
  • Death of Muiredach mac Domnaill, King of Mide. He is succeeded by Diarmait mac Donnchado.
803
804
806
  • Viking raid on Iona Abbey in which 68 people, the entire population of the abbey, are massacred.
807

810s[edit]

812
815
819
  • Conchobar mac Donnchada or Conchobar mac Donnchado is High King of Ireland with opposition (rí Érenn co fressabra).

820s[edit]

820
822

830s[edit]

832
  • A Viking fleet of about 120 ships under Turgesius invades kingdoms on Ireland’s northern and eastern coasts.[4]
833
  • Death of Conchobar mac Donnchada, King of Mide and High King of Ireland with opposition.[5]
836
  • Viking raids penetrate deep inland.[3]
837
838 - 841
  • A small Viking fleet enters the River Liffey in eastern Ireland, probably led by the chieftain Saxolb (Soxulfr) who is killed later this year. The Vikings overwinter on Lough Neagh in 840[1] and set up a base, which the Irish call longphorts and which will eventually become Dublin.[2]
839
  • Thorgest (in Latin Turgesius) is the first Viking to attempt creation of an Irish kingdom. He sails up the Shannon and the Bann to Armagh where he forges a realm spanning Ulster, Connacht and Meath.

840s[edit]

840
841
842
843
  • Death of Mael Ruanaid mac Dunnchado, King of Mide since 833.
845
846
  • Máel Sechnaill becomes overking of the Uí Néill, reigning until his death in 862.[3]
847
  • Death of Feidlimid mac Cremthanin, King of Munster, who has reigned since 820.[3]
847 or 848
  • Birth of Flann Sinna (d. 916), son of Máel Sechnaill I of Clann Cholmáin, a branch of the southern Uí Néill. He is King of Mide from 877.
848

850s[edit]

851
  • Máel Sechnaill mac Máele Ruanaid secures the submission of the King of Ulaid.[6]
  • Cináed mac Conaing is drowned on the orders of Máel Sechnaill and Tigernach mac Fócartai.[7]
853
  • Amlaíb, "son of the king of Laithlind", arrives in Ireland and collects tribute from the Vikings and the Irish.[8]

860s[edit]

860 or 862
  • Death of Mael Sechnaill I, overking of the Uí Néill, who has reigned since 846.[3]
864
  • Death of Lorcan mac Cathail, King of Mide since 862.
866

870s[edit]

874
875
877
879

880s[edit]

880
882
883
885
888

890s[edit]

895
896

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Foster, R. F. (1989). The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198229704. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Mac Annaidh, Séamas, ed. (2001). Illustrated Dictionary of Irish History. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 9780717135363. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Duffy, Seán (2005). The Concise History of Ireland. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. ISBN 9780717138104. 
  4. ^ McGee, Thomas D'Arcy. A Popular History of Ireland. 
  5. ^ Moody; Martin; Byrne, ed. Maps, Genealogies, Lists. p. 192, 193, n. 26.
  6. ^ a b c d e Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X., ed. (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork: Mercier Press. pp. 59, 95. 
  7. ^ Byrne, Francis John. Irish Kings and High Kings. p. 263. 
  8. ^ Annals of Ulster.
  9. ^ Lalor, Brian, ed. (2003). The Encyclopaedia of Ireland. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan. p. 9. ISBN 0-7171-3000-2.