85 mm antitank gun D-48
|85-mm antitank gun D-48|
85 mm antitank gun D-48.
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Produced||1955 – 1957|
|Weight||2,350 kg (5,180.8 lbs)|
|Length||8.72 m (28.6 ft)|
|Barrel length||74 calibers|
|Width||1.59 m (5.22 ft)|
|Height||1.89 m (6.2 ft)|
|Elevation||-6° to 35°|
|Rate of fire||up to 15 rounds per minute (max)
8 rounds per minute (normal)
|Muzzle velocity||1040 m/s|
|Effective firing range||1200 m|
|Maximum firing range||18.97 km (11.8 mi)|
The 85-mm antitank gun D-48 (Russian: 85-мм противотанковая пушка Д-48) was a Soviet 85-mm calibre antitank gun used after World War II. It was designed as the replacement for the 100 mm field gun M1944 (BS-3). Distinguishing features of the D-48 include a very long barrel and a pepper-pot muzzle brake. The D-48 was itself replaced in the 1960s by the T-12 antitank gun.
The gun was designed by the F. F. Petrov Design Bureau on the basis of the D-44 85-mm divisional gun and production of the D-48 began in 1953 at the No. 75 factory in Yurga. The D-48 used the breechblock from the BS-3 100-mm field gun in order to achieve a rate of fire of 15 rounds per minute at maximum cadence. The gun can transition from march to combat order in about two minutes.
The gun fires a high velocity armor-piercing tracer (HVAP-T) BR-372 Projectile at 1040 meters per second and can penetrate 185mm of armor at a range of 1000 meters at an angle of obliquity of 90 degrees. The 3BK-7 high explosive antitank (HEAT) projectile can penetrate 192mm of armor at an angle of obliquity of 60 degrees. The effective range of armor-piercing shells for the D-48 is 1,230 meters (HVAP-T) or 940 meters (HEAT). Additionally, the D-48 antitank gun is capable of firing a 9.66 kilogram OF-372 high explosive projectile to a direct fire range of 1,200 meters or an indirect fire range of 18.97 kilometers. The Ammunition for the D-48 was developed by necking down 100-mm ammunition in order to achieve higher muzzle velocities.
Designs with auxiliary power units were also investigated but never developed beyond prototype stage.
|Performance of D-48 and comparable weapons|
|Effectiveness against rolled homogeneous armor|
|Weapon||Muzzle Velocity, meters per second||Penetration in mm|
|85 mm D-48 (firing BR-372)||1040||185 (at 90°, range 1000 meters)|
|8.8 cm PaK 43 (firing PzGr 40/43)||1130||193 (at 60°, range 1000 meters)|
|90 mm M3 (firing M304)||1021||195 (at 60°, range 914 meters)|
|These data are not directly comparable as various measurement methods are used.
They are, however, illustrative of the relative performance of the weapons.
Use by other nations
The D-48 has been exported to Afghanistan, Bulgaria, Congo, India, Iraq, North Korea, Mongolia, Mozambique, Romania, Somalia, Sudan, and Vietnam.
- Page in Russian on the D-48.
- Janes, p. 525.
- Janes, p. 526.
- Brassey's Encyclopedia of Land Forces and Warfare, Brassey's Inc., Washington D.C., 2000, ISBN 1-57488-087-X.
- Die Landstreitkräfte der NVA, Wilfried Kopenhagen, Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttart, 2003, ISBN 3-613-02297-4.
- Jane's Armour and Artillery 1981-1982, Jane's Publishing Company Ltd, London, 1982.
- Shunkov V. N. - The Weapons of the Red Army, Mn. Harvest, 1999 (Шунков В. Н. - Оружие Красной Армии. — Мн.: Харвест, 1999.) ISBN 985-433-469-4.
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