85th Academy Awards
|85th Academy Awards|
|Date||February 24, 2013|
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States
|Most awards||Life of Pi (4)|
|Most nominations||Lincoln (12)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 35 minutes|
24.47% (Nielsen ratings)
The 85th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2012 and took place February 24, 2013, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Craig Zadan and Neil Meron and directed by Don Mischer. Actor Seth MacFarlane hosted the show for the first time. The ceremony was the first in the Academy's 85-year history to adopt the phrase "The Oscars" as the ceremony's official name during the broadcast and marketing.
In related events, the Academy held its 4th annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on December 1, 2012. On February 9, 2013, in a ceremony at The Beverly Hills Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by hosts Chris Pine and Zoe Saldana.
Life of Pi won four awards including Best Director for Ang Lee. Argo won three awards, including Best Picture, the fourth film to win an Academy Award for Best Picture without its director nominated. Other winners included Les Misérables also with three awards, Django Unchained, Lincoln and Skyfall with two, and Amour, Anna Karenina, Brave, Curfew, Inocente, Paperman, Searching for Sugar Man, Silver Linings Playbook, and Zero Dark Thirty with one. The telecast garnered about 40 million viewers in the United States.
- 1 Winners and nominees
- 2 Presenters and performers
- 3 Ceremony information
- 4 In Memoriam
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Winners and nominees
The nominees for the 85th Academy Awards were announced on January 10, 2013, at 5:30 am PST (13:30 UTC) (8:30 am EST) at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Seth MacFarlane, host of the ceremony, and actress Emma Stone. Lincoln received the most nominations with twelve total, Life of Pi came in second with eleven.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 24, 2013. Argo was the fourth film to win Best Picture without a directing nomination. 1927's Wings, 1932's Grand Hotel, and 1989's Driving Miss Daisy previously achieved this feat. As co-producer of Argo, George Clooney became the third individual to win Oscars for both acting and producing. Best Director winner Ang Lee was the second person to win that category twice for helming non-Best Picture winning films. Silver Linings Playbook was the fourteenth film to earn nominations in all four acting categories. At age 22, Best Actress winner Jennifer Lawrence became the second-youngest winner in that category. With his third win for Best Lead Actor, Daniel Day-Lewis became the first three-time winner in that aforementioned category. He also was the sixth performer to win at least three acting Oscars. Amour was the fourth film nominated simultaneously for Best Picture and Best Foreign Language Film in the same year. At age nine, Quvenzhané Wallis became the youngest nominee for Best Actress and the youngest female acting nominee overall. Meanwhile, Emmanuelle Riva (aged 85) was the oldest nominee for Best Actress. Skyfall and Zero Dark Thirty's joint win in the Best Sound Editing category marked the sixth occurrence of a tie in Oscar history.
Winners are listed first and indicated with a double-dagger ().
Honorary Academy Awards
Academy Honorary Award
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Films with multiple nominations and awards
The following 15 films received multiple nominations:
The following 6 films received multiple awards:
Presenters and performers
The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
Presenters (in order of appearance)
|Fox, CederingCedering Fox||Announcer for the 85th Annual Academy Awards|
|Spencer, OctaviaOctavia Spencer||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|McCarthy, MelissaMelissa McCarthy
|Presenters of the awards for Best Animated Short Film and Best Animated Feature|
|Witherspoon, ReeseReese Witherspoon||Presenter of the films Les Misérables, Life of Pi, and Beasts of the Southern Wild on the Best Picture segment|
|Downey, Jr., RobertRobert Downey, Jr.
Samuel L. Jackson
|Presenters of the awards for Best Cinematography and Best Visual Effects|
|Aniston, JenniferJennifer Aniston
|Presenters of the awards for Best Costume Design and Best Makeup and Hairstyling|
|Berry, HalleHalle Berry||Presenter of the "Fifty Years of Bond" tribute and performance of "Goldfinger"|
|Foxx, JamieJamie Foxx
|Presenters of the awards for Best Live Action Short and Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Neeson, LiamLiam Neeson||Presenter of the films Argo, Lincoln and Zero Dark Thirty on the Best Picture segment|
|Affleck, BenBen Affleck||Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Feature|
|Chastain, JessicaJessica Chastain
|Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Travolta, JohnJohn Travolta||Presenter of "Celebration of Musicals of the Last Decade" musical number|
|Pine, ChrisChris Pine
|Presenters of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
|Wahlberg, MarkMark Wahlberg
Ted, the Teddy bear
|Presenters of the awards for Best Sound Mixing and Best Sound Editing|
|Plummer, ChristopherChristopher Plummer||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Koch, HawkHawk Koch (AMPAS president)||Special presentation acknowledging the creation of the Academy Museum of Motion Pictures|
|Bullock, SandraSandra Bullock||Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Lawrence, JenniferJennifer Lawrence||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Skyfall"|
|Kidman, NicoleNicole Kidman||Presenter of the films Silver Linings Playbook, Django Unchained and Amour on the Best Picture segment|
|Radcliffe, DanielDaniel Radcliffe
|Presenters of the award for Best Production Design|
|Hayek, SalmaSalma Hayek||Presenter of the segment of the Honorary Academy Awards and Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award|
|Clooney, GeorgeGeorge Clooney||Presenter of In Memoriam tribute|
|Gere, RichardRichard Gere
|Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Everybody Needs a Best Friend"
Presenters of the awards for Best Original Score and Best Original Song
|Hoffman, DustinDustin Hoffman
|Presenters of the awards for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Screenplay|
|Douglas, MichaelMichael Douglas
|Presenters of the award for Best Director|
|Dujardin, JeanJean Dujardin||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Streep, MerylMeryl Streep||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Nicholson, JackJack Nicholson
|Presenters of the award for Best Picture|
|Ross, WilliamWilliam Ross||Musical Arranger
|MacFarlane, SethSeth MacFarlane
|MacFarlane, SethSeth MacFarlane
Gay Men's Chorus of Los Angeles
|Performers||"We Saw Your Boobs" during the opening segment|
|Watts, NaomiNaomi Watts
|Cameo||Appeared performing pre-taped comedic reactions to MacFarlane's "We Saw Your Boobs" skit.|
|MacFarlane, SethSeth MacFarlane
|Performer||"The Way You Look Tonight" from Swing Time|
|Gordon-Levitt, JosephJoseph Gordon-Levitt
|Performers||"High Hopes" from A Hole in the Head
"Be Our Guest" from Beauty and the Beast
|Bassey, ShirleyShirley Bassey||Performer||"Goldfinger" from Goldfinger during the "Fifty Years of Bond" tribute|
|Zeta-Jones, CatherineCatherine Zeta-Jones||Performer||"All That Jazz" from Chicago|
|Hudson, JenniferJennifer Hudson||Performer||"And I Am Telling You I'm Not Going" from Dreamgirls|
|Barks, SamanthaSamantha Barks
Sacha Baron Cohen
Helena Bonham Carter
|Performers||"Suddenly" and "One Day More" from Les Misérables|
|Adele, Adele||Performer||"Skyfall" from Skyfall|
|Streisand, BarbraBarbra Streisand||Performer||"The Way We Were" during the tribute to Marvin Hamlisch|
|Jones, NorahNorah Jones||Performer||"Everybody Needs a Best Friend" from Ted|
|Chenoweth, KristinKristin Chenoweth
|Performers||"Here's To The Losers" during the closing credits|
Due to declining interest and viewership in recent ceremonies, the Academy hired a new production team in an attempt to improve ratings and revive interest in the ceremony. Reports surfaced that Academy then-president Tom Sherak approached television producer Lorne Michaels for producing duties with actor and comedian Jimmy Fallon as host. However, the telecast's broadcaster ABC objected to these selections, and both men declined afterward. With newly elected Academy president Hawk Koch assuming leadership duties, the Academy hired Neil Meron and Craig Zadan in August 2012 to produce the ceremony. Two months later, the Academy announced that actor, director, cartoonist and comedian Seth MacFarlane would host the telecast. In an unusual break from previous years, producers Meron and Zadan announced that the on-air telecast of the ceremony would be simply referred to as "The Oscars" instead of "The 85th Annual Academy Awards".
As evident by the numerous musical numbers featured throughout the telecast, the ceremony was billed as a salute to "Music and the Movies". In keeping with the theme of the evening, numerous film scores from various motion pictures were played intermittently throughout the ceremony; most notable was John Williams' theme music from Jaws, which was used to goad winners off the stage if their acceptance speeches were overly long. Composer Williams Ross conducted the orchestra from a studio inside the nearby Capitol Records Building.
Several other people were involved with the telecast and its promotion. Tony Award-winning art director Derek McLane designed a new set and stage design for the ceremony. Rob Ashford served as choreographer for several musical numbers during the event. Comedians Ben Gleib and Annie Greenup served as correspondents and hosts of "Oscar Road Trip", an nationwide bus tour promoting the ceremony in eleven major cities across the United States. Six young film students from colleges across the country, who were selected from a contest conducted by AMPAS and MtvU, were recruited to appear onstage to deliver Oscar statuettes to the presenters during the gala.
Introduction of electronic voting system
In January 2012, AMPAS announced that it would create electronic voting system starting with the 2013 ceremony as another method for members to select the nominees and winners during the process. According to AMPAS Chief Operating Officer Ric Robertson, the implementation of the digital ballot was designed to increase participation amongst members in the voting process and to provide an alternative method of voting in case of emergency. Despite several Academy officials denying such reasons, some industry insiders speculated that the introduction of electronic voting was another move toward moving future awards galas to January. The deadline to submit nomination ballots was originally scheduled for January 3, but technological errors and glitches promoted the Academy to move the deadline one day later.
Box office performance of nominated films
None of the nine Best Picture nominees were among the top ten releases in box office during the nominations. However, four of those films had already earned $100 million in American and Canadian ticket sales. At the time of the announcement of nominations on January 10, Lincoln was the highest-grossing film among the Best Picture nominees with $144 million in domestic box office receipts. The other three films to earn $100 million prior to nominations were Django Unchained with $112 million, Argo with $110 million, and Les Misérables with $103 million. Among the five remaining Best Picture nominees, Life of Pi was the next highest-grossing film with $91.8 million followed by Silver Linings Playbook ($35.7 million), Beasts of the Southern Wild ($11.2 million), Zero Dark Thirty ($4.4 million), and finally Amour ($311,247).[A] The combined gross of the nine Best Picture nominees when the Oscars were announced was $620 million with an average gross of $68.9 million per film.
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 61 nominations went to 15 films on the list. Only Brave (8th), Wreck-It Ralph (13th), Lincoln (17th), Django Unchained (23rd), Argo (26th), Les Misérables (27th), Flight (30th) and Life of Pi (31st) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature, or any of the directing, acting, or screenwriting awards. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Marvel's The Avengers (1st), Skyfall (4th), The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (6th), Ted (13th), Snow White and the Huntsman (15th), Prometheus (20th), and Mirror Mirror (44th).
Visual Effects protest
Prior to the ceremony, an estimated 400 visual effects artists staged a protest on Hollywood Boulevard. The artists were protesting what they perceived to be the mistreatment of their industry by the studio system. The event that sparked the protest occurred when Rhythm & Hues visual effects studio, whose work would win the Oscar for Life of Pi, filed for bankruptcy in the weeks before the Oscars. The visual effects industry was also upset when the winners for Best Visual Effects were drowned out by the Jaws theme music and had their microphones shut off during their acceptance speech right as they began speaking about the controversy.
The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets were more critical of the show. Columnist Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly commented "By calling constant attention to the naughty factor," MacFarlane created "an echo chamber of outrage, working a little too hard to top himself with faux-scandalous gags about race, Jews in Hollywood, and the killing of Abraham Lincoln." The Washington Post television critic Hank Stuever bemoaned, "There was nothing notably terrible about the show, and nothing particularly enthralling." Regarding MacFarlane's performance as host, Stuever noted, "What you got was a combination of sicko and retro, an Oscar show hosted by someone who waited until Oscar night to discover that he's only so-so at stand-up comedy." Television editor Alan Sepinwall of HitFix lamented that the ceremony made for a "frequently messy, but occasionally surprising and/or entertaining evening." He added that MacFarlane "had some funny moments here and there, but he missed way more than he hit, and Frat Boy Seth quickly assumed dominance as the evening went along."
Other media outlets received the broadcast and more positively. Tim Goodman of The Hollywood Reporter praised MacFarlane's performance saying that he did "impressively better than one would have wagered." He also noted that he added "plenty of niceties with a little bit of the Ricky Gervais bite-the-hand-that-feeds-you thing and worked the juxtaposition rather nicely. Chicago Tribune television critic Nina Metz lauded MacFarlane for keeping "a solid handle on the proceedings." She also remarked that the host "opened with a series of jokes that were bona fide winners, landing on just the right tone: confident but not cocksure". Associated Press critic Frazier Moore extolled MacFarlane observing that he "seized the camera Sunday as host of ABC's Oscarcast and proved to its vast audience that he's a ridiculously versatile entertainer, a guy who can be as charming as he is famously irreverent, even polarizing."
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 40.38 million people over its length, which was a 3% increase from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 77.92 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The show also drew higher Nielsen ratings compared to the two previous ceremonies with 24.47% of households watching over a 35.65 share. In addition, the program scored its highest key demo ratings in six years with a 13.71 rating over a 33.45 share among viewers in the 18–49 demographic.
The annual In Memoriam segment was presented by actor George Clooney. The montage featured an excerpt of the main title from Out of Africa by composer John Barry. At the end of the tribute, singer Barbra Streisand sang "The Way We Were" from the film of the same name in tribute to composer Marvin Hamlisch.
- 19th Screen Actors Guild Awards
- 33rd Golden Raspberry Awards
- 55th Grammy Awards
- 65th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 66th British Academy Film Awards
- 67th Tony Awards
- 70th Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 85th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- A^ : Both Life of Pi and Silver Linings Playbook would eventually earn over $100 million in domestic ticket sales before the ceremony on February 24. Zero Dark Thirty was the number one film at the American box office during the weekend of January 11–13; the movie eventually grossed $91 million prior to awards gala.
- "Seth MacFarlane to Host 85th Oscars". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). October 1, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
- Yahr, Emily (February 22, 2013). "Oscars TV: Where to watch the show, the pre-shows, the fashion". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Kilday, Greg (August 23, 2012). "Craig Zadan and Neil Meron to Produce Oscars". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- Gallagher, Brian (September 15, 2012). "85th Annual Academy Awards Lands Director Don Mischer". MovieWeb. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- Lowry, Brian (February 24, 2013). "TV Review: 85th Academy Awards". Variety (PMC).
- "Oscars top 40 million, surge in demos: Show draws best score among adults 18–34 since 2005". Variety. PMC. February 25, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- Raczka, Rachel (October 1, 2012). "Seth MacFarlane to host 85th Academy Awards". Boston.com (The New York Times Company). Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- Pond, Steve (February 19, 2013). "AMPAS Drops '85th Academy Awards' – Now It's Just 'The Oscars'". The Wrap. Retrieved February 22, 2013.
- Alexander, Bryan (December 2, 2012). "Blockbusters left out of the best-picture Oscar race". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Ford, Rebecca. "Chris Pine and Zoe Saldana to Host AMPAS' Scientific and Technical Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- King, Susan (February 25, 2013). "Oscars 2013: 'Argo,' actors Day-Lewis, Lawrence win". The Baltimore Sun (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- LaSalle, Mick (February 25, 2013). "Oscars to 'Argo,' Lee in peculiar night". San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Corporation). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Horn, John (February 24, 2013). "Oscars 2013: 'Argo' wins best picture". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "Oscar Host Seth MacFarlane Joins Emma Stone To Announce Oscar Nominations". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). January 7, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Morgan, David (January 10, 2013). ""Lincoln," "Life of Pi" lead Oscar race". CBS News (CBS Corporation). Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "Nominees for the 85th Academy Awards". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Patches, Matt (February 25, 2013). "Ben Affleck's 'Argo' Wins Best Picture Oscar, Michelle Obama Shout-Out". Hollywood.com (Hollywood.com, LLC). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Eng, Joyce (February 24, 2013). "Argo Tops Oscars, Daniel Day-Lewis Makes History". TV Guide. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Hammond, Pete (February 25, 2013). "Oscars: Analysis By Pete Hammond". Deadline.com (PMC). Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Feinberg, Scott (January 10, 2013). "Oscar Nominations by the Numbers: Fun Facts, Shocking Stats". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- "Affleck's 'Argo' wins best-picture Oscar". Boston.com (The New York Times Company). February 25, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- Pond, Steve (February 24, 2013). "Daniel Day-Lewis Wins Best Actor Oscar". The Wrap. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Germain, David (February 25, 2013). "Argo Takes Top Prize in Closely Fought Race". U-T San Diego (MLIM Holdings). Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Roxborough, Scott (January 10, 2013). "Haneke's 'Amour' Scores Rare Oscar Best Picture/Foreign Language Double". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved September 30, 2013.
- Boardman, Madeline (January 10, 2013). "Quvenzhané Wallis & Oscars: 9-Year-Old Is Youngest Best Actress Nominee Ever". The Huffington Post (AOL). Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- Abramovitch, Seth (January 10, 2013). "Oscars 2013: Records Broken for Oldest, Youngest Nominees". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- Scott, Mike (February 24, 2013). "'Skyfall' and 'Zero Dark Thirty' Oscar tie, not unprecedented, but unusual". The Times-Picayune (Advance Publications). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- "The 85th Academy Awards (2013) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. AMPAS. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
- Kilday, Greg (September 5, 2012). "Katzenberg, Needham, Pennebaker, Stevens Tapped for Academy Honors". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Sperling, Nicole (September 5, 2012). "Academy to honor Jeffrey Katzenberg, Hal Needham, D.A. Pennebaker and George Stevens Jr.". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Company).
- Grossberg, Josh. "Jeffrey Katzenberg, D.A. Pennebaker Tapped for Honorary Oscars". E!. NBC Universal. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Barnes, Brooks; Cieply, Michael (February 25, 2013). "Best Picture for ‘Argo’ in Varied Oscar Field". The New York Times (The New York Times Company). Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Sperling, Nicole (August 2, 2012). "Jimmy Fallon in talks to host 2013 Oscars, but ABC said to object". Los Angeles Times (Tribune Comapny). Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Newcomb, Tim (August 3, 2012). "Jimmy Fallon as Oscar Host? Not If ABC Has Anything to Say About It". Time. TimeWarner. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Shoard, Catherine (October 1, 2012). "Seth MacFarlane to host Oscars". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Serjeant, Jill (February 23, 2013). "Oscar show promises music, megastars and James Bond". Reuters. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- Halperin, Shirley (February 24, 2013). "Oscars 2013: 'Jaws' Theme as Play-Out Music Proves Divisive". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- Harris, Scott Jordan (February 25, 2013). "Oscars 2013: Argo wins, Streisand sings and MacFarlane is nowhere near the knuckle". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- Marr, Merissa (January 24, 2013). "The Toughest Job in Show Business". Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
- Kilday, Greg (October 24, 2012). "Derek McLane to Design Oscar Set". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- Weisman, Jon (November 8, 2012). "Ashford to choreograph Oscars". Variety (PMC). Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "Oscar hits the Road for Nationwide Tour". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). February 4, 2013. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
- "The Academy And mtvU Name Winners Of "Oscar® Experience College Search"". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). February 15, 2013. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Kilday, Greg (September 18, 2012). "Academy Explains How Electronic Oscar Voting Will Work". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Feinberg, Scott (January 25, 2012). "The Academy's Decision to Use e-Voting Could Have Far-Reaching Implications (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- "The Academy Extends Oscar® Nominations Voting Period to January 4". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). December 31, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- Coker, Lesleyann (January 10, 2013). "Lincoln Dominates Oscar Nominations and History is Made". Forbes (Forbes, Inc.). Retrieved October 9, 2013.
- "2012 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved May 4, 2013.
- "2012 Yearly Box Office Results (January 10, 2013)". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved August 22, 2013.
- Rome, Emily (February 25, 2013). "Oscars: Visual effects artists protest outside Dolby Theatre". Entertainment Weekly. Time Warner. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- McWeeney, Drew (February 25, 2013). "The visual effects community sees red in the wake of Oscar protest and on-air snub". HitFix. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Gleiberman, Owen (February 25, 2013). "This year's Academy Awards: a lively, occasionally uneasy mixture of snark and sincerity". Entertainment Weekly (Time Warner). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Stuever, Hank (February 25, 2013). "TV review: At the Oscars, the same old song and dance". The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Sepinwall, Alan (February 25, 2013). "Review: Seth MacFarlane emcees a conflicted, bloated, song-heavy Oscar-cast". HitFix. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Goodman, Tim (February 24, 2013). "TV Review: Seth MacFarlane Wins at Oscar Hosting Against Odds". The Hollywood Reporter (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved March 29, 2013.
- Metz, Nina (February 25, 2013). "MacFarlane relaxed, confident as Oscars host". Chicago Tribune (Tribune Company). Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- Moore, Frazier (February 25, 2013). "Oscars Review: MacFarlane Proves He's An Oscar Guy In Hosting Gig". The Huffington Post (AOL). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- De Moraes, Lisa (February 25, 2013). "TV critics may have hated the Oscars, but 40 million viewers tuned in". Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Kondolojy, Amanda (February 25, 2013). "Oscars Draw More than 40 Million Viewers and is TV's Most Watched Entertainment Telecast in 3 Years". TV by the Numbers (Zap2it). Retrieved May 1, 2013.
- Golum, Rob (February 26, 2013). "U.S. Broadcast Television Ratings for the Week Ended Feb. 24". Bloomberg Businessweek (Bloomberg L.P.). Retrieved May 1, 2013.
- "Oscars 'In Memoriam' 2013: Full list". MSN (Microsoft). February 25, 2013. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Burlingame, Jon. "Oscar Scores More Than Pi in the Skyfall". The Film Music Society. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Arbeiter, Michael (February 24, 2013). "Oscars: Barbra Streisand Sings 'The Way We Were', And We All Sigh Wistfully". Hollywood.com (Hollywood.com, LLC). Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Miller, Daniel (February 24, 2013). "Oscars 2013: A box-office milestone for best picture nominees". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- Orden, Erica (January 13, 2013). "'Zero Dark Thirty' Tops Box Office". Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones Company. Retrieved May 7, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 85th Academy Awards.|
- Official websites
- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Video Highlights
- News resources
- 85th Academy Awards Boston.com
- Oscars 2013 The Guardian
- The Envelope Awards insider Los Angeles Times
- Academy Awards 2013 People
- Other resources
- Pronunciation Guide to the 85th Academy Award Nominees
- The 85th Annual Academy Awards at the Internet Movie Database