89th United States Congress

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89th United States Congress
88th ← → 90th
USCapitol1962.jpg
United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1967

Senate President: Vacant (until Jan 20, 1965)
Hubert Humphrey (from Jan 20, 1965)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Carl Hayden
House Speaker: John W. McCormack
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 4, 1965 – October 23, 1965
2nd: January 10, 1966 – October 22, 1966

The Eighty-ninth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1965 to January 3, 1967, during the third and fourth years of Lyndon Johnson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eighteenth Census of the United States in 1960. Both chambers had a Democratic supermajority. It is regarded as "arguably the most productive in American history".[1] Some of its landmark legislation includes the creation of Medicare and Medicaid, the Voting Rights Act, Higher Education Act, and Freedom of Information Act.

Contents

Major events[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

October 3, 1965: President Johnson visited the Statue of Liberty to sign the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965.
The first page of the Voting Rights Act.

Party summary[edit]

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 65 35 100 0
Begin 68 32 100 0
End 67 33
Final voting share 67.0% 33.0%
Beginning of the next congress 64 35 99 1

House of Representatives[edit]

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Republican
  80.1-100% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
   ≤ 60% Republican
   ≤ 60% Democratic
Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 255 177 432 3
Begin 295 140 435 0
End 289 136 425 10
Final voting share 68.0% 32.0%
Beginning of the next congress 247 187 434 0

Leadership[edit]

House Republicans showing their approval for newly elected House Minority Leader Representative Gerald R. Ford as Senate Minority Leader Everett M. Dirksen raises his hand.

Senate[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate[edit]

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1970; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1966; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1968.

House of Representatives[edit]

Names of members are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership[edit]

Senate[edit]


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
South Carolina
(3)
Olin D. Johnston (D) Died April 18, 1965 Donald S. Russell (D) April 22, 1965
South Carolina
(3)
Donald S. Russell (D) Successor elected November 8, 1965 Ernest Hollings (D) November 9, 1965
Virginia
(1)
Harry F. Byrd (D) Resigned November 10, 1965 Harry F. Byrd, Jr. (D) November 12, 1965
Michigan
(2)
Patrick V. McNamara (D) Died April 30, 1966 Robert P. Griffin (R) May 11, 1966
Virginia
(2)
A. Willis Robertson (D) Resigned December 30, 1966 William B. Spong, Jr. (D) December 31, 1966
Tennessee
(2)
Ross Bass (D) Resigned January 2, 1967 Vacant Not filled this term

House of Representatives[edit]

  • Replacements: 9
  • Deaths: 5
  • Resignations: 15
  • Total seats with changes: 20


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
South Carolina 2nd Albert Watson (D) Resigned February 1, 1965 after being stripped of seniority by the House Democratic Caucus for supporting Republican Presidential candidate Barry Goldwater. Was re-elected as a Republican in a special election to replace himself. Albert Watson (R) June 15, 1965
Louisiana 7th T. Ashton Thompson (D) Died July 1, 1965 Edwin Edwards (D) October 2, 1965
Ohio 7th Clarence J. Brown (R) Died August 23, 1965 Bud Brown (R) November 2, 1965
California 26th James Roosevelt (D) Resigned September 30, 1965 to become the US Representative to the United Nations Economic and Social Council Thomas M. Rees (D) December 15, 1965
North Carolina 1st Herbert C. Bonner (D) Died November 7, 1965 Walter B. Jones, Sr. (D) February 5, 1966
New York 17th John Lindsay (R) Resigned December 31, 1965 after being elected Mayor of New York City Theodore R. Kupferman (R) February 8, 1966
Arkansas 4th Oren Harris (D) Resigned February 2, 1966 to become judge of the US Court of the Eastern and Western Districts of Arkansas David Pryor (D) November 8, 1966
Texas 8th Albert R. Thomas (D) Died February 15, 1966 Lera M. Thomas (D) March 26, 1966
California 14th John F. Baldwin, Jr. (R) Died March 9, 1966 Jerome R. Waldie (D) June 7, 1966
Michigan 9th Robert P. Griffin (R) Resigned May 10, 1966 after being appointed to the US Senate Guy Vander Jagt (R) November 8, 1966
Alaska At-large Ralph J. Rivers (D) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
Indiana 8th Winfield K. Denton (D) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
Indiana 10th Ralph Harvey (R) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
New York 29th Leo W. O'Brien (D) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
North Carolina 4th Harold D. Cooley (D) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
Ohio 15th Robert T. Secrest (D) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
Pennsylvania 9th Paul B. Dague (R) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
Pennsylvania 16th John C. Kunkel (R) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
Tennessee 7th Tom J. Murray (D) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term
Texas 9th Clark W. Thompson (D) Resigned December 30, 1966 Vacant Not filled this term

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karen Tumulty (April 9, 2014). "LBJ’s presidency gets another look as civil rights law marks its 50th anniversary". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]