8 Spruce Street

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8 Spruce Street
(New York by Gehry)
Beekman Tower fr BB jeh.jpg
General information
Status Complete
Type Mixed-use
Location 8 Spruce Street
New York, NY 10007
Coordinates Coordinates: 40°42′39″N 74°00′20″W / 40.71083°N 74.00556°W / 40.71083; -74.00556
Construction started 2006
Completed 2010
Opening February 2011
Owner Forest City Ratner
Management Cooper Square Management
Roof 870 ft (265 m)[1][2][3]
Technical details
Floor count 76
Floor area 1,000,000 sq ft (93,000 m2)
Design and construction
Architect Frank Gehry
Developer Forest City Ratner
Structural engineer WSP Cantor Seinuk
Official website

8 Spruce Street, originally known as Beekman Tower and currently marketed as New York by Gehry,[4] is a 76-story skyscraper designed by architect Frank Gehry in the New York City borough of Manhattan at 8 Spruce Street, between William and Nassau Streets, in Lower Manhattan, just south of City Hall Park and the Brooklyn Bridge.

8 Spruce Street is one of the tallest residential towers in the world, and the tallest residential tower in the Western Hemisphere at the time of opening in February 2011.[5] The building was developed by Forest City Ratner, designed by Frank Gehry Architects and WSP Cantor Seinuk Structural Engineers, and constructed by Kreisler Borg Florman. It contains a public elementary school owned by the Department of Education.[6] Above that and grade-level retail, the tower contains only residential rental units (898 in total), a rarity in New York’s Financial District. The skyscraper's structural frame is made of reinforced concrete, and form-wise it falls within the architectural style of Deconstructivism together with the begun later and completed earlier Aqua skyscraper in Chicago.

Design and usage[edit]

As seen from Park Row (2012)

The school is sheathed in reddish-tan brick, and covers 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of the first five floors of the building.[6] It will host over 600 students enrolled in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade classes. A fourth floor roof deck will hold 5,000 square feet (460 m2) of outdoor play space.[5][7]

Above the elementary school is an 904-unit[8] luxury residential tower clad in stainless steel. The apartments range from 500 square feet (46 m2) to 1,600 square feet (150 m2), and consist of studios, one-, two- and three-bedroom units. All units are priced at market-rate, with no low or moderate income-restricted apartments.[9] It does not contain any units for purchase.[5]

The building also includes space for New York Downtown Hospital.[5] The hospital will take up 25,000 square feet (2,300 m2), and will have public parking below ground.

There are public plazas on both the east and west sides of the building, one 11,000 square feet (1,000 m2) and the other somewhat smaller.[7][10]

Street-level retail, totaling approximately 1,300 to 2,500 square feet (120 to 230 m2), is included as part of the project.[7]


Early reviews of the 8 Spruce Street tower have been favorable. The building was also heavily criticized for "appearing as a nuclear meltdown", both for being the most expensive per square foot residential tower in Manhattan and for receiving $204 million in federal bonds for its $875 million construction cost. In The New York Times, architecture critic Nicolai Ouroussoff praised the building's design as a welcome addition to the skyline of New York, calling it: "the finest skyscraper to rise in New York since Eero Saarinen’s CBS building went up 46 years ago".[11] New Yorker magazine's Paul Goldberger described it as "one of the most beautiful towers downtown". Comparing Gehry's tower to the nearby Woolworth Building, completed in 1913, Goldberger said, "It is the first thing built downtown since then that actually deserves to stand beside it."[12]

CityRealty architecture critic Carter Horsely hailed the project, saying "the building would have been an unquestioned architectural masterpiece if the south façade had continued the crinkling and if the base had continued the stainless-steel cladding. Even so, it is as majestic as its cross-town rival, the great neo-Gothic Woolworth Building designed by Cass Gilbert at 233 Broadway on the other side of City Hall Park." [13] Gehry designed both the exterior, interiors and amenities spaces, along with all 20 model apartments.

The building received the Emporis Skyscraper Award for 2011.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "The Beekman". Emporis. Retrieved 2011-09-21. 
  2. ^ "8 Spruce Street". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 2010-05-14. 
  3. ^ "New York by Gehry at Eight Spruce Street". CTHUB. Retrieved 2011-09-21. 
  4. ^ Grant, Peter (October 6, 2010). "Gehry talks up his new tower". Wall Street Journal. p. 21. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Gehry's Beekman Tower Gets Presented, Goes Street". Curbed.com. 
  6. ^ a b Ouroussoff, Nicolai (May 31, 2008). "Looking Skyward in Lower Manhattan". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c "Gehry's Beekman Tower Ready to Launch". LowerManhattan.info. 
  8. ^ "8 Spruce Street, Manhattan on the NYC Oasis Map
  9. ^ "Unveiled: Beekman Tower". The Architects Newspaper. 
  10. ^ "Seaport’s early reviews are bad for Gehry’s tower". Downtown Express. 
  11. ^ Ouroussoff, Nicolai. "Downtown Skyscraper For the Digital Age". The New York Times (February 10, 2011)
  12. ^ Goldberger, Paul. "Sky Line: Gracious Living: Frank Gehry's swirling apartment". The New Yorker (March 7, 2011)
  13. ^ "New York By Gehry: Building Review". CityRealty. 
  14. ^ Greg Pitcher (7 December 2012). "Gehry's New York tower scoops major skyscraper prize". Architects Journal. EMAP Ltd. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 

External links[edit]