8th Reconnaissance Group

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8th Reconnaissance Group
Active 1943–1945
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Reconnaissance
Part of Tenth Air Force
Garrison/HQ China Burma India Theater of World War II
Engagements Burma Campaign 1944-1945
China Defensive Campaign (1944–1945)
China Offensive Campaign (1945)

The 8th Reconnaissance Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last duty station was at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey, where it was inactivated on 5 November 1945.

The group operated as an umbrella support organization, with its component flying squadrons operating independently over a wide area in the China Burma India Theater of World War II, supporting local tactical ground forces near the front lines, frequently moving from one airfield to another.

History[edit]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as 8th Photographic Reconnaissance Group on 15 September 1943
Activated on 1 October 1943
Redesignated 8th Reconnaissance Group in June 1945
Inactivated on 5 November 1945
Disbanded on 6 March 1947
  • Reconstituted 31 July 1985 and redesignated 318th Electronic Warfare Group
Redesignated 318th Information Operations Group, 1 July 2000

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Headquarters:

Component Squadrons and Flights were stationed at numerous airfields in India, Burma and China (See below)

Components[edit]

Non-Flying ground support squadrons

  • 2nd Combat Camera Unit
  • 3d Photo Technical Unit
  • 7th Photo Technical Sq
  • 10th Combat Camera Unit
  • 17th AAF Photo Intelligence Det
  • 958th Engineer Co (Avn) Topographic

Aircraft[edit]

Operational history[edit]

Organized at Peterson Field, Colorado in October 1943, then trained to provide photographic intelligence for air and ground forces at Gainesville AAF, Texas.

Moved to India, February–March 1944 and assigned to Tenth Air Force. Equipped with F-5, F-6, and F7 aircraft. Conducted photographic reconnaissance, photographic, mapping, and visual reconnaissance missions. Products created ranged from maps, mosaics, terrain models, to target charts of areas in Burma, China, French Indochina, and Thailand. Personnel also bombed and strafed enemy installations and provided escort for bombardment units, since the photographic aircraft were dual-capable as bombers.

Redesignated 8th Reconnaissance Group in June 1945. Returned to the US, October–November 1945. Inactivated on 5 November 1945.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.

External links[edit]