900 mm gauge railways

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Track gauges
By transport mode
Tram · Rapid transit
Miniature · Scale model
By size (list)
Graphic list of track gauges

Minimum
  Fifteen inch 381 mm (15 in)

Narrow
  Two foot and
600 mm
597 mm
600 mm
603 mm
610 mm
(1 ft 11 12 in)
(1 ft 11 58 in)
(1 ft 11 34 in)
(2 ft)
  750 mm,
Bosnian,
Two foot six inch,
800 mm
750 mm
760 mm
762 mm
800 mm
(2 ft 5 12 in)
(2 ft 5 1516 in)
(2 ft 6 in)
(2 ft 7 12 in)
  Swedish three foot,
900 mm,
Three foot
891 mm
900 mm
914 mm
(2 ft11 332 in)
(2 ft 11 716)
(3 ft)
  Metre 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Three foot six inch,
Cape, CAP, Kyōki
1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  Four foot six inch 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)

  Standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Broad
  Russian,
Five foot
1,520 mm
1,524 mm
(4 ft 11 2732 in)
(5 ft)
  Irish 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
  Iberian 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)
  Indian 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
  Brunel 2,140 mm (7 ft 14 in)
Change of gauge
Break-of-gauge · Dual gauge ·
Conversion (list· Bogie exchange · Variable gauge
By location
North America · South America · Europe
World map, rail gauge by region

900 mm (2 ft 11 716 in) narrow gauge railways are generally found in Europe. This gauge is mostly used for light urban rail networks, industrial and agricultural railways.

Installations[edit]

Country/territory Railway
Australia
Austria
Estonia
  • Vaivara-Viivikonna mine railway (converted to standard gauge, then converted to 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) Russian gauge)
Finland
Georgia
Germany
Iceland
Indonesia
  • Used by Rendeng sugar mill for sugar cane transport
Ireland
Norway
  • Used by the Germans up to 1945, called Feldbahn (field railway), for industrial plants or other temporary uses. In Norway during the WW2 the Germans built a 15 km railway between the harbour at Årdalstangen and the industrial plant of Øvre Årda. It closed in 1959, by then used only at the iron works. One steam locomotive was lost into the sea, but was found by divers around 1990 and is restored and exhibited at Aardalstangen.
Poland
  • Cracow tramways (converted to standard gauge)
Portugal
  • Lisbon tramways (from 1901) and their preceding mule cars (regauged in 1888-1894 from 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in))
  • Braga tramways (1914-1963)
  • Linha do Porto à Póvoa e Famalicão and its branch lines (Leixões and São Gens), built in 1871-1893 and regauged to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) in 1930

In Sweden there has been an extensive network of railways with 891 mm (2 ft 11 332 in) gauge, Swedish three foot gauge railways. Some of them remain. This is so close to 900 mm (2 ft 11 716 in) that they are more or less compatible, and some sales of rolling stock between the gauges have taken place.