10th century in Ireland

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900s[edit]

900;

902
  • Dublin has been abandoned - the end of the Longphort phase - the term used by modern scholars to refer to the earliest period of Viking settlement at Dublin[1]
904
908
909

910s[edit]

911
911 or 914
  • A large Viking fleet arrives in Waterford and a second period of Viking raids begins.[3] The Vikings also established a base in Waterford.[4]
916
917
  • The Annals of Ulster records the arrival of two Viking fleets in Ireland in 917, one led by Ragnall and the other by Sigtrygg, both of the Uí Ímair kindred. They fought a battle against Niall Glundub in which the Irish were routed, and according to the annals Sigtrygg then "entered Áth Cliath", i.e. Dublin, which we must assume means that he took possession of it.[5] Ragnall Uí Ímair went on to Scotland,[6] and then conquered York and became king there.
919
  • Niall Glúndub, overking of the Uí Néill, killed in the battle of Dublin.[3] He fell fighting the Dublin Norse at Islandbridge.[2]

920s[edit]

922
925
926 or 941
  • Brian Boru (d.1014), future High King of Ireland is thought to have been born in 926 or in 941.
927
928

930s[edit]

936

940s[edit]

944
  • Death of Donnchad Donn mac Flainn, King of Mide; he is succeeded by Oengus mac Donnchada.

950s[edit]

956
  • Death of Congalach Cnogba, High King of Ireland, of the Síl nÁedo Sláine, part of the Southern Uí Néill. Domnall ua Néill becomes overking of the Uí Néill and reigns until his death in 980.[3]

960s[edit]

960
964
968

970s[edit]

970
  • A hoard of 43 silver and bronze items was left in a rocky cleft deep in Dunmore Caves near Kilkenny. It consisted of silver, ingots and conical buttons woven from fine silver and was discovered in 1999.
976
  • Mathgamain, leader of the Dál gCais from east Clare, is killed.[10]
  • Death of Muirchertach mac Mael Sechnaill, King of Mide.
977
977/8
978

980s[edit]

980
  • Death of Domnall ua Néill, overking of the Uí Néill, who had reigned since 956:[3] he is succeeded by Mael Seachnaill II, who reigned until his death in 1022[11]
  • Battle of Tara, at which Mael Seachnaill II defeats a Viking army from Dublin.[10]
981
  • Mael Seachnaill II besieges and takes the city of Dublin from the Vikings and imposes a heavy tribute on them.[10]
982
  • The King of Munster, Brian Boru starts extending his authority from his base around Limerick up the River Shannon. By doing so, he comes into conflict with High King Mael Seachnaill II whose power base is the Province of Meath. It is that start of a conflict that lasts until 997.
985
986
989
  • Sigtrygg Silkbeard becomes King of Dublin

990s[edit]

997
  • Brian Boru and Mael Seachnaill II divide Ireland between them[3]
  • The Battle of Cathair Cuan, fought in or between 977 and 978, or simply to a single battle in one or the other year, in Munster in Ireland. Attacking were Brian Bóruma and the Dál gCais, while defending were Donnubán mac Cathail and the remainder of the royal army of Norse Limerick.
998
  • King Mael Mordha of Leinster, rebelled against the High King of Ireland, Brian Boru.
999

1000s[edit]

1000
  • Brian Boru led a combined Munster-Leinster-Dublin army in an attack on High King Máel Sechnaill II's home province of Meath.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Connolly S.J (1998). The Oxford Companion to Irish History. Oxford University Press. p. 329. ISBN 0-19-211695-9. 
  2. ^ a b Moody, TW & Martin, FX (eds) (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. pp. 59 & 98. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f The Oxford Illustrated History of Ireland. Foster, RF. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 1989
  4. ^ Moody, TW & Martin, FX (eds) (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. p. 102. 
  5. ^ Annals of Ulster (AU) 917.3,4,5
  6. ^ AU 918.4
  7. ^ Connolly S.J (1998). The Oxford Companion to Irish History. Oxford University Press. p. 580. ISBN 0-19-211695-9. 
  8. ^ Moody, TW & Martin, FX (eds) (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. p. 369. 
  9. ^ Moody, TW & Martin, FX (eds) (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. p. 103. 
  10. ^ a b c d Moody, TW & Martin, FX (eds) (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork, Ireland: The Mercier Press. p. 104. 
  11. ^ The Concise History of Ireland. Duffy, S. Gill & Macmillan, Dublin. 2005