924th Air Refueling Squadron
|924th Air Refueling Squadron
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Decorations||Air Force Outstanding Unit Award|
|924th Air Refueling Squadron Emblem|
The 924th Air Refueling Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 93d Operations Group at Castle Air Force Base, California, where it was inactivated on 30 April 1992.
The earliest predecessor of the squadron was the 24th Transport Squadron which was activated at Morrison Field, Florida in 1942. The squadron supported the South Atlantic ferrying route of Air Transport Command until it was disbanded in 1943.
The 924th Air Refueling Squadron was activated at Castle in 1959. Through most of its existence it served as the tactical refueling component of the 93d Bombardment Wing, while its companion 93d Air Refueling Squadron was the "schoolhouse" for Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker aircrews, although in the 1980s, these roles were reversed. In 1985 the 24th and 924th squadrons were consolidated into a single unit. The unit was inactivated in 1992, shortly before Strategic Air Command was inactivated and responsibility for the air refueling mission transferred to Air Mobility Command.
World War II
The earliest predecessor of the squadron was the 24th Transport Squadron which was activated at Morrison Field, Florida in 1943. The squadron supported the South Atlantic ferrying route of Air Corps Ferrying Command (later Air Transport Command) as Morrison served as the western terminus of the route, processing personnel and equipment for deployment overseas. Although the squadron was stationed at Morrison, its personnel were also used to man other stations of the Caribbean Wing. After a little more than a year of trying to use traditional Table of Organization units like the 24th, Air Transport Command found them too inflexible for its operations. It, therefore, decided to replace its groups and squadrons and assign personnel directly to each of its stations, based on the needs of the station. The squadron was therefore disbanded and its personnel transferred to Station 11, Caribbean Wing, Air Transport Command.
The 924th Air Refueling Squadron was activated on 1 July 1959 by Strategic Air Command (SAC) at Castle Air Force Base and assigned to the 93d Bombardment Wing. The squadron drew its cadre from the 93d Air Refueling Squadron. It was equipped with Boeing KC-135 Stratotankers and its primary mission was to train KC-135 aircrews for SAC tanker units. It also provided air refueling to the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress strategic bombers of its parent wing as they conducted combat crew training in the "Buff" and to other USAF units as directed. The squadron also deployed aircraft and aircrews to the Pacific, European and Alaskan Tanker Task Forces.
Later, the 93d Air Refueling Squadron assumed the bulk of the tanker training mission and the squadron deployed crews and aircraft to the Western Pacific region to support combat operations during the Vietnam War. The squadron also supported the Pacific, European, and Alaskan Tanker Task Forces. During periods when the 924th was not the primary tanker training unit of the 93d wing, it kept half of the squadron's aircraft on fifteen-minute alert, fully fueled and ready for combat to reduce vulnerability to a Soviet missile strike.
In 1985 the squadron was consolidated with the World War II 24th Transport Squadron. It deployed personnel and equipment to the Middle East in 1990 as part of Operation Desert Shield, and in 1991 for combat operations during Operation Desert Storm.
The 924th had the distinction of having Strategic Air Command's first all-female crew in June 1982, appropriately named "Fair Force One". The squadron was inactivated in 1992 as part of drawdown of United States strategic forces after the end of the Cold War and in anticipation of the closure of Castle tranfer of air refueling training to Altus Air Force Base, Oklahoma.
24th Transport Squadron
- Constituted as the 24th Air Corps Ferry Squadron ca. 19 February 1942
- Activated on 27 April 1942
- Redesignated 24th Transport Squadron on 29 March 1943
- Disbanded on 13 October 1943
- Reconstituted on 19 September 1985 and consolidated with the 924th Air Refueling Squadron as the 924th Air Refueling Squadron
924th Air Refueling Squadron
- Constituted as the 924th Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy on 20 May 1959
- Activated on 1 July 1959
- Redesignated 924th Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy (Training) on 2 September 1967
- Consolidated on 19 September 1985 with the 24th Transport Squadron
- Redesignated 924th Air Refueling Squadron on 1 September 1991
- Inactivated on 30 April 1992
- South Atlantic Sector, Air Corps Ferrying Command: 27 April 1942
- 27th AAF Ferrying Wing: 19 June 1942
- 15th Ferrying Group (later 15th Transport Group): 9 July 1942 – 13 October 1943
- 93d Bombardment Wing: 1 July 1959
- 93d Operations Group: 1 September 1991 – 30 April 1992
- Morrison Field, Florida, 27 April 1942 – 13 October 1943
- Castle Air Force Base, California, 1 July 1959 - 30 April 1992
Awards and Campaigns
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 July 1963 – 31 March 1964||924th Air Refueling Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||1 April 1973 – 30 June 1974||924th Air Refueling Squadron|
|Air Force Outstanding Unit Award||2 August 1990 – 11 April 1991||924th Air Refueling Squadron|
|American Theater||27 April 1942 – 13 October 1943||24th Transport Squadron|
- Currently a display aircraft, KC-135 serial 55-3130 was assigned to the 924th from September 1959 to July 1962 and continued to be flown by the squadron until September 1958. "Exhibits/Aircraft: KC-135A". March Field Air Museum. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
- "Abstract, History Morrison Field 1940–1944". Air Force History Index. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Carter, pp. 48-49
- Mueller, p. 96
- Ravenstein, p. 130
- Kane, Robert B. (2012-04-18). "Factsheet 93 Air Refueling Squadron (AMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History 93 Bombardment Wing Jul-Sep 1983 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History 93 Bombardment Wing Oct 1983-Mar 1984 (Secret)". Air Force History Index. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- "Abstract (Unclassified), History of the Strategic Bomber since 1945 (Top Secret, downgraded to Secret)". Air Force History Index. 1 April 1975. Retrieved March 4, 2014.
- Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 662q, 19 September 85, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Tactical Squadrons
- Fredrikson. p. 265
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits Vol. I, p. 480
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits, Vol II, p. 94
- Air Force Recognition Programs (search performed October 3, 2013)
- Fredrikson, John C. (2011). The United States Air Force: A Chronology. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, LLC. ISBN 978-1-59884-682-9.
- Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings, Lineage & Honors Histories 1947–1977. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC, 15 Jun 1971
- AF Pamphlet 900-2, Unit Decorations, Awards and Campaign Participation Credits, Vol II Department of the Air Force, Washington, DC, 30 Sep 1976
- Smith, Richard K. (1998). Seventy-Five Years of Inflight Refueling: Highlights, 1923–1998. Air Force History and Museums Program. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- "The Boom Signal, 1991". Air Force History Index. Retrieved August 1, 2014.