From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||9th century – 10th century – 11th century|
|Decades:||900s 910s 920s – 930s – 940s 950s 960s|
|Years:||930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 938 939|
|Categories:||Births – Deaths – Architecture
Establishments – Disestablishments
This is a list of events occurring in the 930s, ordered by year.
- With the establishment of the Althing, now one of the world's oldest parliaments, the Icelandic Commonwealth is founded.
- Mardavij Ibn Ziyar was sent by Asfar together with the latter's brother Shirzad to conquer the fortress of Shamiran in Tarum from the Sallarid Muhammad Ibn Musafir. During the siege he was persuaded to revolt against Asfar by letters from Makan and the Sallarid who both promised him aid. With the help of the sons of the Sallarid he took Shirzad by surprise and killed him together with twenty-nine chiefs of the Varudavand, the tribe of Asfar. As he approached Asfar in Qazvin, the army of the latter went over to him. Asfar fled, and Mardavij inherited his territories, Ray, Qazvin, Zanjan, Abhar, Qum and Karaj.
- Emperor Suzaku ascends to the throne of Japan.
- The independent Korean island state of Usanguk becomes a protectorate of Goryeo.
- Battle of Gochang: Goryeo armies defeat Hubaekje.
- Prince Bei, elder brother of the Khitan Emperor, leaves for China.
- Mardavij captured and killed Asfar and in rapid succession conquered Hamadan, Dinavar and Isfahan from the governors of the caliph. Then he turned against Makan with whom he had at first concluded a treaty after having received his support against Asfar.
- Nómina Leonesa published (also 929 given), an account of the kings of Asturias and Leon
- After an initial defeat, Mardavij took Tabaristan and Gurgan. Makan, whose attempts to recover his territories failed, entered the service of the Samanids.
- St. Ursenstift is founded by the Burgundian Queen Bertha in Solothurn.
- Wildeck Castle is built by King Henry I in Zschopau, Germany.
- Failed attempt by the Fatimid dynasty to seize the Maghreb al-Aqsa (nowadays Morocco) from the local rulers allied to the Spain-based Umayyad Caliphate.
- 15 March – Henry the Fowler defeats the Magyars in the Battle of Riade.
- Cotentin and Jersey are seized by William Longsword, Duke of Normandy.
- The Kingdom of Lower Burgundy is given to King Rudolph II of Upper Burgundy.
- The Ziyarid army occupies Ahvaz.
- The Goryeo army defeats Hubaekje forces in present-day Hongseong County.
- March 16 – Meng Zhixiang declares himself emperor and establishes Later Shu as a new state independent of Later Tang.
- The German king Henry I, the Fowler and his Christian forces defeat a heathen army under King Gnupa and conquer Hedeby.
- The Eldgjá volcanic eruption is the largest basalt flood in history.
- Einsiedeln Abbey is founded.
- A third attempt to conquer Egypt by the Tunisia-based Shi'ite Fatimid dynasty fails.
- Ziri ibn Manad initiates the construction of the fortress of Ashir, near Médéa. It symbolizes the rise of the Zirid dynasty in the Western Mediterranean region.
- Estimation: Córdoba, capital of Al-Andalus, becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Baghdad, capital of Abbasid caliph Ar-Radi.
- Václav (Saint Wenceslas), Duke of the Bohemians, is murdered by his brother, Boleslav, who succeeds him.
- Haakon the Good, son of Harald Fairhair, once again reunites the Norwegian lands.
- Genoa sacked by Saracens under Yakub ibn Ishaq.
- Mardavij was murdered in Isfahan by his Turkish troops.
- Gyeon Hwon, the king of Hubaekje, is overthrown by his eldest son Singeom.
- King Gyeongsun, the last king of Unified Silla, formally surrenders to Wang Geon, bringing to an end the Silla kingdom. The Goryeo Dynasty starts.
- The Later Shu Kingdom is founded by Meng Zhixiang in Chengdu.
- Ki no Tsurayuki returns to Kyoto from Tosa province, a journey that becomes the basis of the earliest surviving Japanese poetic diary, the Tosa nikki.
- King Taejo of Goryeo (Wanggeon) defeats Hubaekje.
- The Later Tang Dynasty falls to the Later Jin Dynasty, founded by Shi Jingtang (posthumously known as Gaozu of Later Jin) in China.
- The Sixteen Prefectures, which includes the area around modern-day Beijing, are absorbed by the Khitan Empire.
- Prince Bei, elder brother of the Liao Dynasty emperor, is murdered by the Later Tang Dynasty.
- Ibn Muqlah, Islamic calligrapher, is disgraced and imprisoned in Baghdad.
- November 28 – Shi Jingtang is enthroned as the first emperor of the Later Jin Dynasty by Emperor Taizong of Liao, following a revolt against Emperor Fei of Later Tang.
- Otto I is the first German king to be crowned in Aachen.
- Æthelstan sets the border between the Kingdom of England and Cornwall as the east bank of the River Tamar.
- Battle of Brunanburh: King Athelstan of England defeats the Viking king of Dublin, the Scots, and Strathclyde.
- September 21 – Magdeburg is now the capital of the Holy Roman Empire, after a Diet held by Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor.
- The Liao Dynasty takes over Peking; they name Nanjing as their South Palace.
- Battle of Bach Dang: Vietnam wins its independence from China.
- Edmund I succeeds to the throne of England.
- The Arabs lose Madrid to the Kingdom of Leon.
- The Battle of Andernach: Otto I crushes the rebellion against his rule by a coalition of Eberhard of Franconia and other princes opposed to his rule.
- July 8 – The Major Occultation, or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi
- July 14 – Pope Stephen VIII succeeds Pope Leo VII as the 127th pope.
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.41.
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.43.
- Geography at about.com
- "Cornwall timeline 936". Cornwall Council.[dead link]