94th Airlift Wing

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94th Airlift Wing
94awing-c-130-1.jpg
A member of the 94th Airlift Control Flight marshals Lockheed C-130H Hercules 81-0629 after a training mission at Dobbins Air Reserve Base
Active 28 January 1942-Present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Type Wing
Role Airlift
Part of AFR Shield.svg  Air Force Reserve Command
Garrison/HQ Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia.
Tail Code Blue tail stripe, "Dobbins" in Yellow
Decorations Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg DUC
Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA
Vietnam gallantry cross unit award-3d.svg RVGC w/ Palm
Insignia
94th Airlift Wing emblem 94th Airlift Wing.png
Aircraft flown
Transport C-130 Hercules
"94th Bombardment Wing" redirects here. For the 94th Bombardment Wing of World War II, see 94th Bombardment Wing (World War II).

The 94th Airlift Wing (94 AW) is an Air Reserve Component (ARC) of the United States Air Force. It is assigned to the Twenty-Second Air Force, Air Force Reserve Command, stationed at Dobbins Air Reserve Base, Georgia.

If activated, Air Education and Training Command, Air Mobility Command, Air Combat Command, and Air Force Reserve Command would each gain separate elements of the wing.

Overview[edit]

The 94th Airlift Wing is the host organization at Dobbins Air Reserve Base and is responsible for providing security, civil engineering, fire protection, air traffic control, and numerous other services the base and to tenant organizations assigned to the base. This includes the maintenance of the airfield, which is used by NAS Atlanta, Lockheed-Martin/Air Force Plant #6, as well as Dobbins tenants.

Over 14,000 flight operations occur annually making the Dobbins complex an extremely active facility with diverse air traffic operations from all branches of the military and other US government agencies. This air traffic environment takes place within the area of the busiest airport in the world (Atlanta Hartsfield Airport) and is as busy as many medium-sized commercial airports.

Mission[edit]

The wing's mission is threefold. The primary mission is to train C-130H aircrews for the United States Air Force (active duty and reserve component). The second mission is to maintain combat ready units to deploy on short notice to support contingencies anywhere in the world. Finally, the 94th is the host organization for supporting all agencies and tenants at Dobbins Air Reserve base. To accomplish this, the wing recruits, organizes, and trains Air Force Reservists for active duty in time of war, national emergency, or contingency tasking. The aircrews trained are capable of using the C-130H aircraft to deliver cargo and personnel into and out of airports as minimal as dirt runways to international airports. They can also deliver paratroopers and equipment to the point of conflict by airdrop.

Units[edit]

The 94th Airlift Wing is organized into a headquarters element, three groups, and a medical element containing 10 Squadrons and 4 Flights (1600 personnel).

History[edit]

For additional history and lineage, see 94th Operations Group

Established in 1949, the wing trained in the Reserve as a light bombardment wing, June 1949-March 1951. Called to active service during the Korean War, wing personnel augmented other USAF organizations.

Trained in the Reserve from June 1952, in turn, as a tactical reconnaissance, bombardment, troop carrier, and airlift wing. Served briefly on active duty during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. By 1958, wing personnel began taking part in regular airlift missions and exercises, both in the United States and overseas, including contingency operations in the Dominican Republic in 1965.

After converting to C-124s in 1966, the wing flew strategic airlift including troop and cargo-carrying missions to Southeast Asia until 1971, augmenting normal airlift resources of Military Airlift Command and Tactical Air Command. After converting to C-7 aircraft in mid-1972, the wing's primary operations involved support of U.S. Army airborne forces, tactical cargo airlift, and air evacuation missions.

From July 1973 to May 1975, the wing flew missions in Puerto Rico, airdropping 1.2 billion sterile screwworm flies as part of a project to eradicate the screwworm menace to Puerto Rico's livestock. It controlled the 907 TAG with an aerial spraying mission between 1981 and 1989. In 1981, the 94th became the second largest wing in the Air Force Reserve, flying three different types of transport aircraft. By 1987, it had given up C-7 and C-123 aircraft, retaining only C-130s. In 1990-1991, wing personnel transported passengers and materiel between the United States and Southwest Asia.

Modern era[edit]

Elements of the wing rotated regularly to Panama during the 1980s and 1990s. The wing participated in numerous humanitarian airlift and contingency operations worldwide, especially in the areas of Southwest Asia, Europe, and the Caribbean Sea. In the spring of 1996, wing personnel and aircraft deployed to Europe in support of peacekeeping operations in Bosnia.

Lineage[edit]

  • Re-designated as 94th Bombardment Group, Very Heavy on 13 May 1947
Activated in the Reserve on 29 May 1947
  • Established as 94th Bombardment Wing, Light on 10 May 1949
Activated in the Reserve on 26 June 1949
Group re-designated as 94th Bombardment Group, Light and assigned as subordinate unit
Ordered to Active Service on 10 March 1951
Inactivated on 1 April 1951
  • Re-designated 94th Tactical Reconnaissance Wing on 26 May 1952
Activated in the Reserve on 14 June 1952
Group re-designated as 94th Tactical Reconnaissance Group, assigned and activated in the reserve
Re-designated: 94th Bombardment Wing, Tactical on 18 May 1955
Group re-designated 94th Bombardment Group, Tactical
Re-designated: 94th Troop Carrier Wing, Medium on 1 July 1957
Group re-designated 94th Troop Carrier Group, Medium
Group inactivated on 14 Apr 1959
Ordered to Active Service on 28 October 1962
Relieved from Active Duty on 28 November 1962
Re-designated: 94th Military Airlift Wing on 1 October 1966
Re-designated: 94th Tactical Airlift Wing on 1 July 1972
Group re-designated as: 94th Tactical Airlift Group on 31 Jul 1985 (remained inactive)
Re-designated: 94th Airlift Wing on 1 February 1992
Group re-designated: 94th Operations Group and activated in the reserve, 1 August 1992

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

Groups

Squadrons

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Slater, Harry E. Lingering Contrails of the Big Square A: A History of the 94th Bomb Group (H) 1942-1945. Murfreesboro, Tennessee: Slater, 1980.

External links[edit]