95th United States Congress

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95th United States Congress
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1977 – January 3, 1979

Senate President: Nelson Rockefeller (until Jan 20, 1977)
Walter Mondale (from Jan 20, 1977)
Senate Pres. pro tem: James Eastland
House Speaker: Tip O'Neil
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 4, 1977 – December 15, 1977
2nd: January 19, 1978 – October 15, 1978
<94th 96th>

The Ninety-fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1977 to January 3, 1979, during the first two years of the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. Both chambers had a Democratic majority. It was the first time either party held a filibuster-proof 60% super majority in both the Senate and House chambers since the 89th United States Congress in 1965, and last time until the 111th United States Congress in 2009. All three super majorities were Democratic party and also were accompanied by Democratic Presidents.[1]

Contents

Major events[edit]

Hearings[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Treaties ratified[edit]

  • March 16, 1978: First of the Torrijos-Carter Treaties (Panama Canal) treaty: "The Treaty Concerning the Permanent Neutrality and Operation of the Panama Canal," commonly known as the "Neutrality Treaty"
  • April 19, 1978: Second of the Torrijos-Carter Treaties treaty, commonly known as "The Panama Canal Treaty"

Party summary[edit]

Senate[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Conservative
(C)
Democratic
(D)
Independent
(I)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 1 61 1 37 100 0
Begin 0 61 1 38 100 0
End 58 41
Final voting share 0.0% 58.0% 1.0% 41.0%
Beginning of the next congress 0 57 1 42 100 0

House of Representatives[edit]

Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Republican
(R)
End of the previous congress 291 144 435 0
Begin 292 143 435 0
End 275 140 415 20
Final voting share 66.3% 33.7%
Beginning of the next congress 277 158 435 0

Leadership[edit]

Senate[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Members of the House of Representatives elected statewide at-large, are preceded by "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Changes in Membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate[edit]

  • replacements: 11
  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • vacancy:
  • Total seats with changes: 9
State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Arkansas
(2)
John L. McClellan
(D)
Died November 28, 1977 Kaneaster Hodges, Jr.
(D)
December 10, 1977
Montana
(2)
Lee Metcalf
(D)
Died January 12, 1978 Paul G. Hatfield
(D)
January 22, 1978
Minnesota
(1)
Hubert Humphrey
(DFL)
Died January 13, 1978 Muriel Humphrey
(D)
January 25, 1978
Alabama
(3)
James Allen
(D)
Died June 1, 1978 Maryon Pittman Allen
(D)
June 8, 1978
Alabama
(3)
Maryon Pittman Allen
(D)
Successor elected November 7, 1978 Donald Stewart
(D)
November 7, 1978
Minnesota
(1)
Muriel Humphrey
(DFL)
Successor elected November 7, 1978 David Durenberger
(R)
November 8, 1978
Montana
(2)
Paul G. Hatfield
(D)
Successor elected and resigned early December 12, 1978 Max Baucus
(D)
December 15, 1978
Kansas
(2)
James B. Pearson
(R)
Resigned December 23, 1978 Nancy Kassebaum
(R)
December 23, 1978
Mississippi
(2)
James Eastland
(D)
Resigned December 27, 1978 Thad Cochran
(R)
December 27, 1978
Minnesota
(2)
Wendell Anderson
(DFL)
Resigned December 29, 1978 Rudy Boschwitz
(R)
December 30, 1978
Wyoming
(2)
Clifford Hansen
(R)
Resigned December 31, 1978 Alan K. Simpson
(R)
January 1, 1979
Virginia
(2)
William L. Scott
(R)
Resigned January 1, 1979 John Warner
(R)
January 2, 1979

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 6
  • deaths: 6
  • resignations: 21
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes: 25


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
Minnesota 7th Robert Bergland (DFL) Resigned January 22, 1977 after being appointed United States Secretary of Agriculture Arlan Stangeland (R) February 22, 1977
Washington 7th Brock Adams (D) Resigned January 22, 1977 after being appointed United States Secretary of Transportation John E. Cunningham (R) May 17, 1977
Georgia 5th Andrew Young (D) Resigned January 29, 1977 after being appointed United States Ambassador to the United Nations Wyche Fowler (D) April 6, 1977
Louisiana 1st Richard A. Tonry (D) Forced to resign May 4, 1977 Bob Livingston (R) August 27, 1977
New York 18th Ed Koch (D) Resigned January 31, 1977 after being elected Mayor of New York City S. William Green (R) February 14, 1978
New York 21st Herman Badillo (D-L) Resigned January 31, 1977 after becoming Deputy Mayor of New York City Robert García (R-L) February 14, 1978
New York 21st Robert García (R-L) Changed parties February 21, 1978 Robert García (D) February 21, 1978
Tennessee 5th Clifford Allen (D) Died June 18, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
California 18th William M. Ketchum (R) Died June 24, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
Illinois 1st Ralph Metcalfe (D) Died October 10, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
Maryland 6th Goodloe Byron (D) Died October 11, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
California 11th Leo Ryan (D) Murdered by members of the Peoples Temple at the Guyana Airport November 18, 1978 shortly before the Jonestown Massacre Vacant Not filled this term
Wisconsin 6th William A. Steiger (R) Died December 4, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
Montana 1st Max Baucus (D) Resigned December 14, 1978 after being appointed to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Mississippi 4th Thad Cochran (R) Resigned December 26, 1978 after being appointed to the US Senate Vacant Not filled this term
Wyoming At-large Teno Roncalio (D) Resigned December 30, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
California 3rd John E. Moss (D) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
California 14th John J. McFall (D) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
California 33rd Del M. Clawson (R) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
Kansas 5th Joe Skubitz (R) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
Michigan 10th Elford A. Cederberg (R) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
New Jersey 14th Joseph A. LeFante (D) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
New York 9th James Delaney (D) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
Texas 6th Olin E. Teague (D) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
Texas 11th William R. Poage (D) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term
Texas 17th Omar Burleson (D) Resigned December 31, 1978 Vacant Not filled this term

Employees[edit]

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]