96th Street (Second Avenue Subway)

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96th Street
under construction
New York City Subway rapid transit station
2d Av 97 St IND construction roof beams jeh.jpg
Under construction
Station statistics
Address 96th Street & Second Avenue
New York, NY 10021
Borough Manhattan
Locale Upper East Side, Yorkville
Coordinates 40°47′03″N 73°56′50″W / 40.7841°N 73.9472°W / 40.7841; -73.9472Coordinates: 40°47′03″N 73°56′50″W / 40.7841°N 73.9472°W / 40.7841; -73.9472
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Second Avenue Line
Services under construction
Connection NYCT Bus: M15 (SB), M15 SBS (SB), M96
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened December 30, 2016; 2 years' time (2016-12-30)[1][2][3]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Station succession


Next Handicapped/disabled access north (Terminal): under construction
Next Handicapped/disabled access south 86th Street: under construction

96th Street is an under construction station on the Second Avenue Subway, part of the New York City Subway.[4][5][6] It is the planned northern terminus for the Q train during the 1.5 miles (2.4 km)-long[7] Phase 1 of the Second Avenue Subway;[8][9] the Q is expected to be rerouted from its current terminus at Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard so it can end at 96th Street.[10] The station is expected to open on December 30, 2016,[1][2][3][11] and it will have two tracks and an island platform.[5]

Station layout (future)[edit]

G Street level Exits/Entrances
B1 Upper Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Escalators, elevator, and stairs to Exits/Entrances and lower mezzanine
B2 Lower Mezzanine Staircases and elevators to platform
B3
Platform level
Southbound No service (present)
NYCS Q (under construction) toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (86th Street)
Island platform, not in service
Southbound No service (present)
NYCS Q (under construction) toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (86th Street)

The station is built so that it is more wide open than most other underground subway stations in the system.[12] Its design was likened to a Washington Metrorail station by Dr. Michael Horodniceanu.[13]

The station will have air-cooling systems to make it at least 10 °F (6 °C) cooler than other subway stations during the summer.[14] This will require the station to have large ventilation and ancillary buildings, rather than traditional subway grates.[15] The station will also be compliant with current fire codes, whereas most existing stations are not.[16]

Track layout[edit]

South of the station will be a diamond crossover for terminating trains.[17] A section of tunnel north of the station, built in the 1970s between 99th and 105th streets,[18] is being renovated with tail tracks and will be used for train storage north of the 96th Street station.[19] It is located at a depth of 15 metres (49 ft), making the station the shallowest on Phase 1 of the line.[20]

Artwork[edit]

Station artwork will be a series of artworks on the porcelain wall panels by artist Sarah Sze.[21][22] The artwork will contain blue, violet, and lavender landscapes.[23][24] The installation is expected to be permanent.[25]

Entrances and exits[edit]

There are 3 entrances and exits under construction, comprising 10 escalators and one elevator:[26]

  • Handicapped/disabled access Entrance 1: Escalator bank and elevator on the SW corner of Second Avenue and 94th Street[27]
  • Entrance 2: Escalator bank on the NE corner of Second Avenue and 94th Street[27]
  • Entrance 3: Escalator bank on the SW corner of Second Avenue and 96th Street[27]

In 2009, there were disputes about the locations of the station entrances, which were all south of 96th Street,[28] which divided the neighborhoods of the Upper East Side and East Harlem.[29][30]

Ancillary buildings[edit]

The two ancillary buildings will be located at:

  • Ancillary 1: Northeast corner of 93rd Street and Second Avenue[26]
  • Ancillary 2: Southwest corner of 97th Street and Second Avenue[26]

History[edit]

Planning[edit]

A station under the intersection of Second Avenue and 96th Street was conceptualized as part of the New York City Transit Authority's 1968 Program for Action, which included the construction of the full-length Second Avenue Subway in two phases—the first phase from 126th to 34th Streets, the second phase from 34th to Whitehall Streets.[31] The first phase of the Program suggested a Second Avenue Subway line to be built between 34th and 126th streets.[32]

Many community representatives requested that a station, in addition to those already proposed, be constructed in the vicinity of 96th Street and Second Avenue, principally to serve the Metropolitan Hospital which provides medical service to large numbers of low-income patients.
After considering the testimony presented at the hearing, the New York City Transit Authority adopted a resolution providing for the construction of a station at 96th Street at a cost of approximately $10,000,000.[32]

Digging began in 1972 a few blocks north at Second Avenue and 103rd Street;[33] however, in 1975, the city became insolvent, and the Second Avenue Subway project was suspended indefinitely, with the tunnels sealed.[34]

In 1999, the Regional Plan Association considered a full-length Second Avenue Subway, which include 96th Street as one of its planned 31 stations. The station would serve the Metropolitan Hospital at 97th Street and the then-new high-rise buildings south of 96th Streets.[35]

Finally, in March 2007, the MTA restarted the Second Avenue Subway project, and awarded the first construction contract at that time.[36][37][38] In April 2007, the second round of planning for the station was finalized.[39][40]

Construction[edit]

A ceremonial ground-breaking for the Second Avenue Subway was held on April 12, 2007 three blocks north of the station.[41][42] The contractor prepared the initial construction site at 96th Street on April 23, 2007.[43] A tunnel boring machine (TBM) was originally expected to arrive six to eight months after construction began, but the utility relocation and excavation required to create its "launch box" delayed its deployment from 96th Street down to 63rd Street until May 2010.[44] By May 2010, the TBM launch box was complete, and on May 14, 2010, MTA's contractors completed the TBM installation and turned it on.[45][46][47]

By the beginning of 2012, the slurry wall for the station site was being taken down.[48] On June 25, 2012, a $324.6 million contract was awarded to E.E. Cruz and Company and Tully Construction Company for the station's plumbing, electricity, ancillaries, and entrances.[49] In March 2013, the bulkhead separating the new construction from the 1970s-era tunnel at 99th Street was completed.[50] As of November 2013, the station is 65% excavated. Rails for the line had arrived and were being stored in the station cavern;[51][52] about one-third of the rails for the line had arrived by then, enough for tracks to be laid from 105th to 87th Streets.[53] By spring 2014, the mezzanine was completed, and roof slabs were being installed; tracks and signal brackets were also installed north of the station.[54] Waterproofing for the station is performed by D-Star Waterproofers.[55]

On March 19, 2013, a construction worker got stuck in waist-deep muck at the station site;[56][57] he was extricated after four hours of rescue efforts, but nearly died after the incident.[58][59]

The station will be completed by June 3, 2016.[60] The station is expected to open on December 30, 2016, along with the other two stations on the Second Avenue Line.[1][2][3][11]

Effects[edit]

Construction has temporarily made the prices of real estate decrease to "affordable" levels.[61] However, in the long run, as a result of construction, the value of real estate in the area has risen since 2013.[62][63]

The Metropolitan Hospital Center, one block to the north of the station's northernmost entrance, would also be served by the new station.[64]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Second Avenue Subway
  2. ^ a b c MTA.info—Second Avenue Subway Quarterly Report Q4 2013
  3. ^ a b c The Launch Box—Fewer Than 1,000 Days to Go!
  4. ^ Neuman, William (April 9, 2007). "Is That Finally the Sound of a 2nd Ave. Subway?". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Tunneling Begins Under Second Avenue". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 14, 2010. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Excavation of West Tunnel for Second Avenue Subway Complete". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 4, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Parsons Brinckerhoff: Second Avenue Subway". Pbworld.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  8. ^ Putzier, Konrad. "Real Estate Weekly » Blog Archive » Light at end of tunnel for Second Ave. subway". Rew-online.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Exclusive: Progress Moves Ahead For Phase One Of Second Avenue Subway « CBS New York". Newyork.cbslocal.com. May 1, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Subway Disruptions Continue – All in the Name of Progress". The Main Street Wire. November 23, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Reproduction of MTA Construction Company schedule sheet
  12. ^ Hession, Michael (May 2, 2014). "A Subterranean Stroll Through NYC's Newest Train Tunnel". Gizmodo. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  13. ^ Rivoli, Dan (May 1, 2014). "Second Avenue Subway progress: Dec. 2016 end date on track". AM New York. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  14. ^ Donohue, Pete (August 4, 2006). "Cooler Subways Coming Eventually". Daily News (New York). Archived from the original on October 10, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2008. 
  15. ^ Roberts, Sam (September 30, 2013). "No Heel Hazards (or Gusts) as Subway Expands". New York Times (New York). Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  16. ^ Nolan, Caitlin (May 16, 2014). "Second Avenue subway line construction is progressing: officials". NY Daily News. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  17. ^ SAS track map, north of 57th Street
  18. ^ "The Line That Time Forgot – Second Avenue Subway". Nymag.com. April 5, 2004. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  19. ^ "96th Street Station Area". Second Avenue Subway Newsletter. February 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013. 
  20. ^ Wynne, Alexandra (January 20, 2009). "Fairytale of New York – Second Avenue Subway takes shape | Features | New Civil Engineer". Nce.co.uk. Retrieved August 2, 2009. 
  21. ^ Ben Yakas (January 22, 2014). "Here's What The Second Avenue Subway Will Look Like When It's Filled With Art". Gothamist. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  22. ^ Halperin, Julia (June 2, 2012). "A Preview of the MTA's Ultra-Contemporary Public Art for New York's Second Avenue Subway Line". Blouin Art Info. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Subway Art on the Future Second Avenue Subway Line Revealed". Untapped Cities. April 28, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  24. ^ Lynch, Marley (January 23, 2014). "The future Second Avenue subway line will have cool art (slide show)". Timeout.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  25. ^ Oh, Inae (May 14, 2012). "Second Avenue Subway Public Art Project Commissions Chuck Close, Sarah Sze, Jean Shin". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  26. ^ a b c MTA.info—Newsletter February 2012
  27. ^ a b c CB8 presentation March 2008
  28. ^ "Microsoft PowerPoint - CB8_Archi_Finishes_final" (PDF). Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Second Ave. station entrance sagas hit 96th St.". Second Avenue Sagas. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Construction Creeps Downtown". New York Press. Our Town. October 7, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  31. ^ nycsubway.org—The New York Transit Authority in the 1970s
  32. ^ a b "DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT, SECOND AVENUE SUBWAY, ROUTE 132-A". Urban Mass Transportation Administration. nycsubway.org. August 1971. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  33. ^ Second Avenue Subway: Timeline. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  34. ^ "Second Avenue Subway". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved April 7, 2014. 
  35. ^ Metrolink, p.20
  36. ^ Olshan, Jeremy (March 21, 2007). "Second Ave. Tunnel Vision". New York Post. Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2009. 
  37. ^ "MTA Signs Second Ave. Subway Contract". New York Sun. March 21, 2007. Retrieved February 20, 2010. 
  38. ^ 2nd Avenue Subway Contract Signed – WNYC Newsroom, March 21, 2007
  39. ^ MTA.info—Second Avenue Subway Project 96th Street Station
  40. ^ Rubinstein, Dana (October 23, 2013). "Where is the Second Avenue Subway going?". Capital New York. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  41. ^ Jen Chung (April 12, 2007). "Second Avenue Subway Groundbreaking Day!". Gothamist. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  42. ^ "MTA | Press Release | MTA Headquarters | Second Avenue Subway Breaks Ground". New.mta.info. April 12, 2007. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  43. ^ "The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System - Roger P. Roess, Gene Sansone - Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  44. ^ "Second Avenue Subway – A Status Report" (PDF). Retrieved August 2, 2009. 
  45. ^ " "Blasting on Second Avenue". thelaunchbox.blogspot.com. March 22, 2010. 
  46. ^ Siff, Andrew (May 14, 2010). "2nd Ave. Subway Tunnel Dig Begins". WNBC. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  47. ^ "Tunneling Begins Under Second Avenue". MTA. May 14, 2010. Archived from the original on August 17, 2012. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  48. ^ mta.info—Newsletter February 2014
  49. ^ "$324.6 Million NYC Second Avenue Subway Contract Awarded | New York City | United States". Epoch Times. June 25, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  50. ^ mta.info—Newsletter March 2013
  51. ^ Lauren Evans (November 5, 2013). "Photos: 2nd Avenue Subway Line Shows Shocking Signs Of Progress". Gothamist. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  52. ^ Harshbarger, Rebecca (November 4, 2013). "MTA gives new peek at 2nd Ave. subway | New York Post". Nypost.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  53. ^ Kastrenakes, Jacob (November 6, 2013). "Watch the gap: see New York's biggest subway projects take shape". The Verge. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  54. ^ mta.info—2014 Q1 Quarterly Report
  55. ^ "Second Avenue Subway - 96th Street Station". D-starwaterproofers.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  56. ^ Creag, Katherine (March 20, 2013). "Worker Trapped in Mud Beneath MTA Site Rescued After 4 Hours". NBC New York. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  57. ^ "'The mud just grabbed me and wouldn't release me': Rescued Second Ave. subway worker who spent four hours in cold upper East Side muck recovering". NY Daily News. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  58. ^ "MTA subway worker trapped in tunnel rescued - News". METRO Magazine. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  59. ^ Most, Doug, The race underground : Boston, New York, and the incredible rivalry that built America’s first subway, First edition, New York : St. Martin’s Press, February 2014. ISBN 9780312591328.
  60. ^ mta.info—May 2014 Newsletter
  61. ^ Gross, Max (October 24, 2013). "Makeover time along the East River". New York Post. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  62. ^ "Shops along Second Ave. subway line construction sites want big bucks in 2014". NY Daily News. January 7, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  63. ^ Acitelli, Tom (March 1, 2014). "Upper East Side sees boost from Second Avenue subway progress". The Real Deal. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  64. ^ "Our Location". Metropolitan Hospital Center. Retrieved June 11, 2014.

External links[edit]